Wedding anniversary

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A wedding anniversary is the anniversary of the date on which a wedding took place.


[edit] Celebration and gifts

A couple celebrating their paper anniversary

Married persons may mark the anniversary date of their marriage in special ways. Other people might give the couple gifts appropriate for the year of their anniversary. These gifts are different in different countries. For example, in the United Kingdom the 7th wedding anniversary is called the Copper Anniversary and the 10th anniversary is called the Aluminium Anniversary. In the United States, these anniversaries are sometimes celebrated with gifts made of wool or tin, respectively.

Some years have well-established connections which are common to all nations. The 25th wedding anniversary is the silver wedding anniversary. The 50th wedding anniversary is the golden wedding anniversary.

[edit] Official recognition

In the Commonwealth realms, one can receive a message from the monarch for 60th, 65th, and 70th wedding anniversaries, and any wedding anniversary after that.[1] This is done by applying to Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom, or to the Governor-General's office in the other Commonwealth realms.[2]

In Canada, one can also receive a message from the Governor General for 50th and 55th anniversaries.[3]

The situation is similar in Australia, where one can receive a letter of congratulations from the Governor-General on the 50th and all subsequent wedding anniversaries; the Prime Minister, the federal Opposition leader, local members of parliament (both state and federal), and state Governors may also send salutations for the same anniversaries.[4]

In the United States, one can receive a greeting from the President for any wedding anniversary on or after the 50th.[5]

Roman Catholics may apply for a Papal blessing through their local diocese for wedding anniversaries of a special nature (25th, 50th, 60th, etc.).[6]

[edit] Traditional and modern anniversary gifts

The following list of wedding anniversary gifts was compiled by librarians at the Chicago Public Library and therefore reflects American practice.[7][8][9][10]

Year Traditional Modern
1st Paper Clocks
2nd Cotton China
3rd Leather Crystal, Glass
4th Linen, Silk Appliances (electrical)
5th Wood Silverware
6th Iron Wood objects
7th Wool, Copper Desk sets/Pen & Pencil sets
8th Bronze Linens, Lace
9th Pottery, China Leather goods
10th Tin, Aluminium Diamond jewelry
11th Steel Fashion jewelry, accessories
12th Silk Pearls, Colored gems
13th Lace Textiles, Furs
14th Ivory Gold jewelry
15th Crystal Watches
16th Silver Holloware
17th Furniture
18th Porcelain
19th Bronze
20th China Platinum
21st Brass, Nickel
22nd Copper
23rd Silver plate
24th Musical Instruments
25th Silver Sterling silver
30th Pearl Diamond
35th Coral, Jade Jade
40th Ruby Ruby
45th Sapphire Sapphire
50th Gold Gold
55th Emerald Emerald
60th Diamond Diamond
70th Platinum[11][12][13]
80th Oak[14][15]

[edit] Flower gifts

Year Flower
1st Carnation
2nd Lily of the valley
3rd Sunflower
4th Hydrangea
5th Daisy
6th Calla
7th Freesia
8th Lilac
9th Bird of paradise
10th Daffodil
11th Tulip
12th Peony
13th Chrysanthemum
14th Dahlia
15th Rose
20th Aster
25th Iris
28th Orchid
30th Lily
40th Gladiolus
50th Yellow roses & violets

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ "Who is entitled?". The Monarchy Today. Retrieved on 2009-04-06. 
  2. ^ "Queen and anniversary messages". The Monarchy Today. Retrieved on 2009-04-06. 
  3. ^ "Messages from the Governor General and Her Majesty The Queen". The Governor General. Retrieved on 2007-10-24. 
  4. ^ "Australian Government: It's an Honour". Retrieved on 2008-02-11. 
  5. ^ "White House Greeting". Retrieved on 2007-05-17. [dead link]
  6. ^ "The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson Office of the Bishop". Retrieved on 2008-01-28. 
  7. ^ "Wedding Anniversaries," compiled by librarians at the Chicago Public Library's Information Center (December, 2000).
  8. ^ Anderson, Charles. "The Exchange," RQ 25 (1985): 175.
  9. ^ The World Almanac and Books of Facts. Mahwah, New Jersey: World Almanac Books, 1997.
  10. ^ World Book Encyclopedia, 1997 ed., s.v. "wedding anniversary."
  11. ^ The platinum wedding anniversary of Jim and Gladys Till from the Lancaster Guardian
  12. ^ North-west Evening Mail, Tenor and wife toast 70 years of marriage
  13. ^ Portsmouth News They've been around the world in 70 years
  14. ^
  15. ^
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