Tadao Ando

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Tadao Ando

Personal information
Name Tadao Ando
Nationality Japan
Birth date September 13, 1941 (1941-09-13) (age 67)
Birth place Osaka
Practice name Tadao Ando Architects & Associates
Significant buildings
  • Row House, Sumiyoshi, 1979
  • Water Temple, Awaji Island, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1991
  • The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, Missouri, 2001
  • Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 2002
  • Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima, Kagawa prefecture, Japan, 2004
Significant projects
  • Rokko Housing I, II, III, Rokko, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1983, 1993, 1999
  • Piccadilly Gardens, Manchester, UK, 2003
Awards and prizes
  • Annual Architectural Prize, Japan, 1979
  • Cultural Design Prize, Japan, 1983
  • Alvar Aalto Medal, Finland, 1985
  • Gold Medal of Architecture, France, 1989
  • Carlsberg Architectural Prize, Denmark, 1992
  • Japan Art Academy Prize, Japan, 1993
  • Pritzker Architecture Prize, 1995
  • Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France, 1995
  • Praemium Imperiale First “FRATE SOLE” Award in Architecture, Japan, 1996
  • Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France, 1997
  • Royal Gold Medal, Great Britain, 1997
  • American Institute of Architects Gold Medal, U.S.A., 2002
  • UIA Gold Meda, Turkey, 2005

Tadao Ando (安藤 忠雄 Andō Tadao?, born September 13, 1941, in Osaka, Japan) is a Japanese architect whose approach to architecture was once categorised as critical regionalism. Ando has led a storied life, working as a truck driver and boxer prior to settling on the profession of architecture, despite never having taken formal training in the field.

He works primarily in exposed cast-in-place concrete and is renowned for an exemplary craftsmanship which invokes a Japanese sense of materiality, junction and spatial narrative through the pared aesthetics of international modernism.

In 1969, he established the firm Tadao Ando Architects & Associates. In 1995, Ando won the Pritzker Architecture Prize, considered the highest distinction in the field of architecture.[1] He donated the $100,000 prize money to the orphans of the 1995 Kobe earthquake.[2]


[edit] Buildings and works

Tadao Ando's body of work is known for the creative use of natural light and for architectures that follow the natural forms of the landscape (rather than disturbing the landscape by making it conform to the constructed space of a building). The architect's buildings are often characterized by complex three-dimensional circulation paths. These paths interweave between interior and exterior spaces formed both inside large-scale geometric shapes and in the spaces between them.

Rokko Housing One and Two
Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art

His "Row House in Sumiyoshi" (Azuma House, 住吉の長屋), a small two-story, cast-in-place concrete house completed in 1976, is an early work that begins to show elements of his characteristic style. It consists of three equally sized rectangular volumes: two enclosed volumes of interior spaces separated by an open courtyard. By nature of the courtyard's position between the two interior volumes, it becomes an integral part of the house's circulation system.

Ando's housing complex at Rokko, just outside Kobe, is a complex warren of terraces and balconies and atriums and shafts. The designs for Rokko Housing One (1983) and for Rokko Housing Two (1993) illustrate a range of issues in the traditional architectural vocabulary—the interplay of solid and void, the alternatives of open and closed, the contrasts of light and darkness. More significantly, Ando's noteworthy achievement in these clustered buildings is site specific—the structures survived undamaged after the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995.[3] New York Times architectural critic Paul Goldberger argues convincingly that "Ando is right in the Japanese tradition: spareness has always been a part of Japanese architecture, at least since the 16th century; [and] it is not for nothing that Frank Lloyd Wright more freely admitted to the influences of Japanese architecture than of anything American."[3] Like Ando, Wright's site specific decision-making anticipated seismic activity; and like Ando's several Hyōgo-Awaji buildings, Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo did survive the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923.[4]

[edit] Completed projects gallery, selected

[edit] Completed projects list

Sortable table
Building/Project Location Country Date
Tomishima House Osaka Japan 1973
Uchida House Japan 1974
Uno House Kyoto Japan 1974
Hiraoka House Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1974
Shibata House Ashiya, Hyogo Prefecture Japan 1974
Tatsumi House Osaka Japan 1975
Soseikan-Yamaguchi House Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1975
Takahashi House Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1975
Matsumura House Kobe Japan 1975
Row House (Azuma House) Sumiyoshi, Osaka Japan 1976
Hirabayashi House Osaka Prefecture Japan 1976
Bansho House Aichi Prefecture Japan 1976
Tezukayama Tower Plaza Sumiyoshi, Osaka Japan 1976
Tezukayama House-Manabe House Osaka Japan 1977
Wall House (Matsumoto House) Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1977
Glass Block House (Ishihara House) Osaka Japan 1978
Okusu House Setagaya, Tokyo Japan 1978
Glass Block Wall (Horiuchi House) Sumiyoshi, Osaka Japan 1979
Katayama Building Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1979
Onishi House Sumiyoshi, Osaka Japan 1979
Matsutani House Kyoto Japan 1979
Ueda House Okayama Prefecture Japan 1979
STEP Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture Japan 1980
Matsumoto House Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture Japan 1980
Fuku House Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture Japan 1980
Bansho House Addition Aichi Prefecture Japan 1981
Koshino House Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1981
Kojima Housing (Sato House) Okayama Prefecture Japan 1981
Atelier in Oyodo Osaka Japan 1981
Tea House for Soseikan-Yamaguchi House Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1982
Ishii House Shizuoka Prefecture Japan 1982
Akabane House Setagaya, Tokyo Japan 1982
Kujo Townhouse (Izutsu House) Osaka Japan 1982
Rokko Housing One (34°43′32″N 135°13′39″E / 34.725613°N 135.227564°E / 34.725613; 135.227564) Rokko, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1983


BIGI Atelier Shibuya, Tokyo Japan 1983
Umemiya House Kobe Japan 1983
Kaneko House Shibuya, Tokyo Japan 1983
Festival Naha, Okinawa prefecture Japan 1984
TIME'S Kyoto Japan 1984
Koshino House Addition Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1984
MELROSE, Meguro Tokyo Japan 1984
Uejo House Osaka Prefecture Japan 1984
Ota House Okayama Prefecture Japan 1984
Moteki House Kobe Japan 1984
Shinsaibashi TO Building Osaka Prefecture Japan 1984 [6]
Iwasa House Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1984
Hata House Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1984
Atelier Yoshie Inaba Shibuya, Tokyo Japan 1985
JUN Port Island Building Kobe Japan 1985
Mon-petit-chou Kyoto Japan 1985
Guest House for Hattori House Osaka Japan 1985
Taiyō Cement Headquarters Building Osaka Japan 1986
TS Building Osaka Japan 1986
Chapel on Mount Rokko Kobe Japan 1986
OLD/NEW Rokkov Kobe Japan 1986
Kidosaki House Setagaya, Tokyo Japan 1986
Fukuhara Clinic Setagaya, Tokyo Japan 1986
Sasaki House Minato, Tokyo Japan 1986
Main Pavilion for Tennoji Fair Osaka Japan 1987
Karaza Theater 1987
Ueda House Addition Okayama Prefecture Japan 1987
Church on the Water Tomamu, Hokkaidō prefecture Japan 1988
GALLERIA akka Osaka Japan 1988
Children's Museum Himeji Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1989
Church of the Light (34°49′08″N 135°22′19″E / 34.818763°N 135.37201°E / 34.818763; 135.37201) Ibaraki Osaka Prefecture Japan 1989 [7] [8] [9]
COLLEZIONE Minato, Tokyo Japan 1989
Morozoff P&P Studio Kobe Japan 1989
RAIKA Headquarters Osaka Japan 1989
Natsukawa Memorial Hall Hikone, Shiga Prefecture Japan 1989
Yao Clinic, Neyagawa Osaka Prefecture Japan 1989
Matsutani House Addition Kyoto Japan 1990
Ito House, Setagaya Tokyo Japan 1990
Iwasa House Addition Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1990
Garden of Fine Arts Osaka Japan 1990
S Building Osaka Japan 1990
Water Temple (34°32′47″N 134°59′17″E / 34.546406°N 134.98813°E / 34.546406; 134.98813) Awaji Island, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1991[10] [11]
Atelier in Oyodo II Osaka Japan 1991
TIME'S II Kyoto Japan 1991
Museum of Literature Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1991
Sayoh Housing Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1991
Minolta Seminar House Kobe Japan 1991
Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum Naoshima, Kagawa prefecture Japan 1995[2] [3]
Japanese Pavilion for Expo 92 Seville Spain 1992
Otemae Art Center Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1992
Forest of Tombs Museum Kumamoto Prefecture Japan 1992
Rokko Housing Two Rokko, Kobe Japan 1993
Vitra Seminar House Weil am Rhein Germany 1993
Gallery Noda Kobe Japan 1993
YKK Seminar House Chiba Prefecture Japan 1993
Suntory Museum Osaka Japan 1994
MAXRAY Headquarters Building Osaka Japan 1994
Chikatsu-Asuka Historical Museum Osaka Prefecture Japan 1994
Kiyo Bank, Sakai Building Sakai, Osaka Prefecture Japan 1994
Garden of Fine Art Kyoto Japan 1994
Museum of wood culture Kami, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1994
Inamori Auditorium Kagoshima Japan 1994
Nariwa Museum Okayama Prefecture Japan 1994
Atelier in Oyodo Annex Osaka Japan 1995
Nagaragawa Convention Center Gifu Japan 1995
Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum Annex Naoshima, Kagawa Prefecture Japan 1995
Meditation Space, UNESCO Paris France 1995
Shanghai Pusan Ferry Terminal Osaka Japan 1996
Museum of Literature II, Himeji Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1996
Gallery Chiisaime (Sawada House) Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1996
Museum of Gojo Culture & Annex Gojo, Nara Prefecture Japan 1997
TOTO Seminar House Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1997
Yokogurayama Natural Forest Museum Kochi Prefecture Japan 1997
Harima Kogen Higashi Primary School & Junior High School Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1997
Koumi Kogen Museum Nagano Prefecture Japan 1997
Eychaner/Lee House Chicago, Illinois United States 1997
Daikoku Denki Headquarters Building Aichi Prefecture Japan 1998
Daylight Museum Shiga Prefecture Japan 1998
Junichi Watanabe Memorial Hall Sapporo Japan 1998
Asahi Shimbun Okayama Bureau Okayama Japan 1998
Siddhartha Children and Women Hospital Butwal Nepal 1998
Church of the Light Sunday School Ibaraki, Osaka Prefecture Japan 1999
Rokko Housing III Kobe Japan 1999
Shell Museum, Nishinomiya Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 1999
FABRICA (Benetton Communication Research Center) Treviso Italy 2000
Awaji-Yumebutai (34°33′40″N 135°00′29″E / 34.560983°N 135.008144°E / 34.560983; 135.008144[12]) Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 2000
Rockfield Shizuoka Factory Shizuoka Japan 2000
The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts St. Louis, Missouri United States 2001 [4]
Komyo-ji (shrine) Saijo, Ehime prefecture Japan 2001
Ryotaro Shiba Memorial Museum Higashiosaka, Osaka prefecture Japan 2001
Teatro Armani-Armani World Headquarters Milan Italy 2001
Sakanouenokumo Museum Matsuyama, Ehime Japan 2006
Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture Japan 2002 link
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth Fort Worth, Texas United States 2002 link
Piccadilly Gardens Manchester United Kingdom 2003
4x4 house Chiyoda, Tokyo Japan 2003
Invisible House Treviso Italy 2004
Chichu Art Museum Naoshima, Kagawa prefecture Japan 2004 link
Langen Foundation / Hombroich Museum Neuss Germany 2004 link
Gunma Insect World Insect Observation Hall Kiryū Japan 2005
Morimoto (restaurant) Chelsea Market, Manhattan United States 2005[13]
Omotesando Hills, Jingumae 4-Chome Tokyo Japan 2006
House in Shiga Ōtsu, Shiga Japan 2006
Benesse House Naoshima, Kagawa Japan 2006
21 21 Design Sight Minato, Tokyo Japan 2007
Stone Hill Center, expansion for the Clark Art Institute Williamstown, Massachusetts United States 2008

[edit] Projects in progress

Building/Project Location Country Date
House, stable, and mausoleum for former fashion designer Tom Ford near Santa Fe, New Mexico United States 2009
Rebuilding the Kobe Kaisei Hospital Nada Ward, Kobe Japan 2009
New Tokyo Tower [5] Toyko Japan 2009
Capella Niseko [6]
Gate of Creation, Universidad de Monterrey Monterrey México 2009
Interior design of Ybl villa Budapest Hungary n.a.

[edit] Awards

Award Organization/Location Country Date
Annual Prize (Row House, Sumiyoshi) Architectural Institute of Japan Japan 1979
Cultural Design Prize (Rokko Housing One and Two) Toyko Japan 1983
Alvar Aalto Medal Finnish Association of Architects Finland 1985
Gold Medal of Architecture French Academy of Architecture France 1989
Carlsberg Architectural Prize (International) Copenhagen Denmark 1992
Japan Art Academy Prize Toyko Japan 1993
Pritzker Architecture Prize (International) Chicago United States 1995
Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Paris France 1995
Praemium Imperiale First “FRATE SOLE” Award in Architecture Japan Art Association Japan 1996
Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Paris France 1997
Royal Gold Medal Royal Institute of British Architects Great Britain 1997
AIA Gold Medal American Institute of Architects United States 2002
Gold Medal[14] International Union of Architects, Paris France 2005

[edit] References

  • Francesco Dal Co. Tadao Ando: Complete Works. Phaidon Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7148-3717-2
  • Kenneth Frampton. Tadao Ando: Buildings, Projects, Writings. Rizzoli International Publications, 1984. ISBN 0-8478-0547-6
  • Randall J. Van Vynckt. International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. St. James Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55862-087-7

[edit] External links

NAME Ando, Tadao
SHORT DESCRIPTION Japanese architect
DATE OF BIRTH September 13, 1941
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