An Inconvenient Truth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
An Inconvenient Truth

Promotional poster for An Inconvenient Truth
Directed by Davis Guggenheim
Produced by Lawrence Bender
Scott Z. Burns
Laurie David
Lesley Chilcott (co-producer)
Written by Al Gore (teleplay)
Starring Al Gore
Music by Michael Brook
Editing by Jay Cassidy
Dan Swietlik
Distributed by Paramount Classics
Release date(s) May 24, 2006
Running time 94 min.
Country USA
Language English
Budget US$+1,000,000[1]
Gross revenue US$49,047,567

An Inconvenient Truth is a 2006 documentary film about global warming directed by Davis Guggenheim, presented by former United States Vice President Al Gore.[2] The film premiered at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival and opened in New York and Los Angeles on May 24, 2006. The film was released on DVD by Paramount Home Entertainment on November 21, 2006. A companion book by Gore, An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It, reached #1 on the paperback nonfiction New York Times bestseller list on July 2, 2006.[3] The documentary won Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature and for Best Original Song.[4]

Earning $49 million at the box office worldwide, An Inconvenient Truth is the fourth-highest-grossing documentary film to date in the United States (in nominal dollars, from 1982 to the present), after Fahrenheit 9/11, March of the Penguins, and Sicko.[5]


[edit] Synopsis

You look at that river gently flowing by. You notice the leaves rustling with the wind. You hear the birds; you hear the tree frogs. In the distance you hear a cow. You feel the grass. The mud gives a little bit on the river bank. It’s quiet; it’s peaceful. And all of a sudden, it’s a gear shift inside you. And it’s like taking a deep breath and going... 'Oh yeah, I forgot about this'.
Al Gore in the opening monologue of An Inconvenient Truth

An Inconvenient Truth focuses on Al Gore and his travels in support of his efforts to educate the public about the severity of the climate crisis. Gore says, "I've been trying to tell this story for a long time and I feel as if I've failed to get the message across." The film closely follows a Keynote presentation (dubbed "the slide show") that Gore presented throughout the world. It intersperses Gore's exploration of data and predictions regarding climate change and its potential for disaster with his own life story.

It weaves in events that changed his world view, including his college education with early climate expert Roger Revelle at Harvard University, his sister's death from lung cancer and his young son's near-fatal car accident. For comic effect, Gore also uses a clip from the Futurama episode "Crimes of the Hot" to explain global warming. Gore refers to his loss to George W. Bush in the 2000 United States presidential election as a "hard blow" yet subsequently "brought into clear focus, the mission [he] had been pursuing for all these years."

The Pale Blue Dot, a Voyager 1 photo showing Earth (circled) as a single pixel from 4 billion miles (6.4 billion kilometres) away, is featured in the film. Al Gore points out that all of human history has happened on that tiny pixel, which is our only home.

In the slide show, Gore reviews the scientific opinion on climate change, discusses the politics and economics of global warming, and describes the consequences he believes global climate change will produce if the amount of human-generated greenhouse gases is not significantly reduced in the very near future. A centerpoint of the film is his examination of the annual temperature and CO2 levels for the past 650,000 years in Antarctic ice core samples.

The film includes segments intended to refute critics who say that global warming is unproven or that warming will be insignificant. For example, Gore discusses the possibility of the collapse of a major ice sheet in Greenland or in West Antarctica, either of which could raise global sea levels by approximately 20 feet (6 m), flooding coastal areas and producing 100 million refugees. Melt water from Greenland, because of its lower salinity, could then halt the currents that keep northern Europe warm and quickly trigger dramatic local cooling there. It also contains various short animated projections of what could happen to different animals more vulnerable to climate change, like polar bears, who are drowning at a vastly faster rate because they are finding less and less substantial ice to rest on. The documentary ends with Gore arguing that if appropriate actions are taken soon, the effects of global warming can be successfully reversed by releasing less CO2 and planting more vegetation to consume existing CO2. Gore calls upon his viewers to learn how they can help him in these efforts.

Gore's book of the same title was published concurrently with the theatrical release of the documentary. The book contains additional information, scientific analysis, and Gore's commentary on the issues presented in the documentary. A 2007 documentary entitled An Update with Former Vice President Al Gore features Gore discussing additional information that came to light after the film was completed, such as Hurricane Katrina, coral reef depletion, glacial earthquake activity on the Greenland ice sheet, wildfires, and trapped methane gas release associated with permafrost melting.[6]

[edit] Scientific basis

In the film, Gore presents the Keeling curve, which shows a pattern of steadily increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere since 1958.

The film's thesis is that global warming is real, potentially catastrophic, and human-caused. Gore presents specific data that supports the thesis, including:

The Associated Press contacted more than 100 climate researchers and questioned them about the film's veracity. All 19 climate scientists who had seen the movie said that Gore conveyed the science correctly.[9] Professor Brian Soden, however, expressed concern about the coverage of topics for which there was not a scientific consensus, indicating "I thought the use of imagery from Hurricane Katrina was inappropriate and unnecessary in this regard, as there are plenty of disturbing impacts associated with global warming for which there is much greater scientific consensus." Gore cited Kerry Emanuel's 2005 report in Nature on hurricane intensity increasing with the increase of global mean temperatures.[10]

The U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, at the time chaired by Senator Jim Inhofe (R-OK) issued a press release criticizing the Associated Press's findings.[11] Inhofe's statement that "global warming is the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people"[12] appears in the film. The majority of climate researchers have rejected Inhofe's views[12]. Eric Steig, a climate scientist writing on RealClimate, lauded the film's science as "remarkably up to date, with reference to some of the very latest research."[13] Michael Shermer, scientific author and founder of The Skeptics Society, wrote in Scientific American that a lecture that Gore gave "shocked me out of my doubting stance".[14]

[edit] Origins/Production

Gore presents his global warming slide show at the University of Miami.

According to Gore, he became interested in global warming when he took a course at Harvard University with Professor Roger Revelle, one of the first scientists to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.[15] Later, when Gore was in Congress, he initiated the first congressional hearing on the subject.[16] Gore's 1992 book, Earth in the Balance, dealing with a number of environmental topics, reached the New York Times bestseller list.[17]

As Vice President during the Clinton Administration, Gore pushed for the implementation of a carbon tax to modify incentives to reduce fossil fuel consumption causing fossil fuel to last longer and thereby decrease emission of greenhouse gases in the short term but not long term; it was partially implemented in 1993.[18] He helped broker the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, an international treaty designed to curb greenhouse gas emissions.[19][20] However, it was not ratified in the United States after a 95 to 0 vote in the Senate. The primary objections stemmed from the exemptions the treaty gives to China and India, whose industrial base and carbon footprint are growing rapidly, and fears that the exemptions would lead to further trade imbalances and offshoring arrangement with those countries.[21][22]

Gore also supported the funding of a satellite called Triana, which would have provided an image of the Earth 24 hours a day, over the internet. The concept reportedly came to Gore in a dream.[23] During his 2000 Presidential Campaign, Gore ran, in part, on a pledge to ratify the Kyoto Protocol.[24]

After his defeat in the 2000 presidential election by George W. Bush, Gore returned his focus to the topic. He edited and adapted a slide show presentation he had compiled years earlier, and began featuring the slide show in presentations on global warming across the U.S. and around the world. At the time of the film, Gore estimated he had shown the presentation more than one thousand times.[25]

Producers Laurie David and Lawrence Bender saw Gore's slide show in New York City after the 2004 premiere of The Day After Tomorrow.[26] Inspired, they met with director Davis Guggenheim about the possibility of making the slide show into a movie. Guggenheim, who was skeptical at first, later saw the presentation for himself, stating that he was "blown away," and "left after an hour and a half thinking that global warming [was] the most important issue. . . . I had no idea how you’d make a film out of it, but I wanted to try," he said.[27]

In 2004, Gore contacted Duarte Design to visually enhance his presentation. The design firm "condensed his material, incorporated new data and stories and employed new media, such as video and animation."[28]

Duarte designer, Ted Boda detailed the extensive work that went into the creation of Gore's slides: "As a designer for the presentation, Keynote was the first choice to help create such an engaging presentation. Apple's Keynote anti-aliases its fonts and graphics, scales vector objects and supports QuickTime videos easily and without any plug-ins. Duarte used a combination of Keynote's graphics and graph tools, Illustrator, Photoshop, AfterEffects (for more complex animations) and dropped in numerous videos from different sources to complete his presentation. Some of the videos dropped were up to 1920x1080 (HD), they played and scaled extremely well and was something our team could not even begin to think about doing in PowerPoint."[29]

The majority of the film was shot on 4:4:4 HDCAM. According to director Guggenheim, a vast array of different film formats were used: "There’s 35mm and 16mm. A lot of the stuff on the farm I just shot myself on 8mm film. We used four Sony F950 HDCAMs for the presentation. We shot three different kinds of prosumer HD, both 30 and 24. There’s MiniDV, there’s 3200 black-and-white stills, there’s digital stills, some of them emailed on the day they were taken from as far off as Greenland. There was three or four different types of animation. One of the animators is from New Zealand and emailed me his work. There’s JPEG stuff."[30]

[edit] Reception

[edit] Box office

The film opened in New York City and Los Angeles on May 24, 2006. On Memorial Day weekend, it grossed an average of $91,447 per theater, the highest of any movie that weekend and a record for a documentary, though it was only playing on four screens at the time.[31]

At the 2006 Sundance Film Festival, the movie received three standing ovations. It was also screened at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival and was the opening night film at the 27th Durban International Film Festival on June 14, 2006. An Inconvenient Truth was the most popular documentary at the 2006 Brisbane International Film Festival.[32]

The film has grossed over $24 million in the U.S. and over $49 million worldwide as of June 3, 2007, making it the fourth-highest-grossing documentary in the U.S. to date (after Fahrenheit 9/11, March of the Penguins and Sicko).[33]

Al Gore has stated, "Tipper and I are devoting 100 percent of the profits from the book and the movie to a new bipartisan educational campaign to further spread the message about global warming."[34] Paramount Classics committed 5% of their domestic theatrical gross from the film to form a new bipartisan climate action group, Alliance for Climate Protection, dedicated to awareness and grassroots organizing.[35]

[edit] Reviews

The film received a generally positive reaction from film critics. It garnered a "certified fresh" 93% rating at Rotten Tomatoes (as of May 21, 2007), with a 94% rating from the "Cream of the Crop" reviewers. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 75, based on 32 reviews.[36] Film critics Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper gave the film "two thumbs up". Ebert wrote: "In 39 years, I have never written these words in a movie review, but here they are: You owe it to yourself to see this film. If you do not, and you have grandchildren, you should explain to them why you decided not to."[37]

Film critic David Edelstein called the film, "One of the most realistic documentaries I've ever seen--and, dry as it is, one of the most devastating in its implications."[38] David Remnick added that while it was "not the most entertaining film of the might be the most important" and a "brilliantly lucid, often riveting attempt to warn Americans off our hellbent path to global suicide." [39] New York Times reviewer A.O. Scott thought the film was "edited crisply enough to keep it from feeling like 90 minutes of C-Span and shaped to give Mr. Gore's argument a real sense of drama," and "as unsettling as it can be," Scott continued, "it is also intellectually exhilarating, and, like any good piece of pedagogy, whets the appetite for further study."[40]

On the other hand, journalist Ronald Bailey argued in the libertarian magazine Reason that although "Gore gets [the science] more right than wrong," he exaggerates the risks.[41] Some reviewers were also skeptical of Gore's intent, wondering whether he was setting himself for another Presidential run. Boston Globe writer Peter Canello criticized the "gauzy biographical material that seems to have been culled from old Gore campaign commercials." [42] Phil Hall of Film Threat gave the film a negative review, saying "An Inconvenient Truth is something you rarely see in movies today: a blatant intellectual fraud."[43]

In "extensive exit polling" of An Inconvenient Truth audiences in conservative suburban markets like Plano, Irvine, Dallas and Long Island, 92 percent rated "Truth" highly and 87 percent of the respondents said they'd recommend the film to a friend.[44]

[edit] Awards

The film has received a number of awards worldwide.

Gore during the Oscar acceptance speech for An Inconvenient Truth with other members of the crew
  • The film received special recognition from the Humanitas Prize, the first time the organization had handed out a Special Award in over 10 years.[49]
  • 2007 Stanley Kramer Award - The Producers Guild of America; recognizes "work that dramatically illustrates provocative social issues".[50]
  • The President’s Award 2007 - The Society for Technical Communication "for demonstrating that effective and understandable technical communication, when coupled with passion and vision, has the power to educate—and change—the world."[51]

The film won many awards for Best Documentary:[53]

  • Academy Awards (The Oscars) 2007[45] February 25, 2007
  • Chicago Film Critics Association[54] - 2006-12-28
  • Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association[55][56] - 2006-12-18
  • Florida Film Critics 2006 - 2006-12-22[57]
  • Kansas City Film Critics Awards 2006[58] January 2, 2006
  • Las Vegas Film Critics Society 2006 [59] - 2006-12-18
  • National Board of Review[60] - 2006-12-06
  • New York Film Critics Online[61] - 2006-12-10
  • New York Film Critics Society - 2006-12-12
  • Ohio Film Critics Awards 2006[62] - 2007-01-11
  • Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Awards 2006 [63]
  • Online Film Critics Society 2006[64]
  • Phoenix Film Critics Circle 2006[65]
  • Satellite Awards 2006 (Nominated)[66] December 18, 2006
  • St. Louis Film Critics Awards 2006[67] January 07, 2007
  • Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2006 (Nominated)[68] December 19, 2006
  • Utah Film Critics Awards 2006[69] December 28, 2006
  • Washington D.C. Film Critics Association 2006[70] December 10, 2007

Best Non-Fiction:

The related album also won Best Spoken Word Album at the 51st Grammy Awards.

[edit] Political response

The documentary has been generally well-received politically in many parts of the world and is credited for raising further awareness of global warming internationally, prompting calls for more government action in regard to the climate. Several colleges and high schools have begun to use the film in science curricula, [72] though at least one US school district put temporary restrictions on its use in the classroom.[73][74]

[edit] Government

  • Then-president George W. Bush, when asked whether he would watch the film, responded: "Doubt it." He later stated that "And in my judgment we need to set aside whether or not greenhouse gases have been caused by mankind or because of natural effects, and focus on the technologies that will enable us to live better lives and at the same time protect the environment."[75] Gore responded that "The entire global scientific community has a consensus on the question that human beings are responsible for global warming and he [Bush] has today again expressed personal doubt that that is true."[75] White House deputy press secretary Dana Perino stated that “The president noted in 2001 the increase in temperatures over the past 100 years and that the increase in greenhouse gases was due to certain extent to human activity”.[75]
  • In September 2006, Gore traveled to Sydney, Australia to promote the film. Then-Australian Prime Minister, John Howard said he would not meet with Gore or agree to Kyoto because of the movie: "I don't take policy advice from films." Former Opposition Leader Kim Beazley joined Gore for a viewing and other MPs attended a special screening at Parliament House earlier in the week.[76] After winning the general election a year later, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd ratified Kyoto in his first week of office, leaving the United States the only industrialized nation in the world not to have signed the treaty.[77]
  • In Germany, German Environment Minister Sigmar Gabriel bought 6,000 DVDs of An Inconvenient Truth to make it available to German schools.[81]

[edit] Education

[edit] Other

[edit] Controversy

[edit] The Dimmock case

As part of a nationwide "Sustainable Schools Year of Action" launched in late 2006, the UK Government, Welsh Assembly Government and Scottish Executive announced between January-March 2007 that copies of An Inconvenient Truth would be sent to all secondary schools in England, Wales and Scotland. The UK Government's distribution of the film was challenged in May 2007 in the High Court of Justice by a group of global warming skeptics, notably Viscount Monckton.[88] The plaintiffs sought an injunction preventing the screening of the film in English schools. They argued that schools are legally forbidden to promote partisan political views in the teaching of any subject in school and, when dealing with political issues, are required to provide a balanced presentation of opposing views.

On 10 October 2007, Mr Justice Burton, after explaining that the requirement for a balanced presentation does not warrant that equal weight be given to alternative views of a mainstream view, ruled that it was clear that the film was substantially founded upon scientific research and fact, albeit that the science is used, in the hands of a talented politician and communicator, to make a political statement and to support a political program.[89] The film could then, on that basis, be shown, provided an accompanying explanation was given of its scientific errors, in order to prevent political indoctrination. [90]

The judge concluded "I have no doubt that Dr Stott, the Defendant's expert, is right when he says that: 'Al Gore's presentation of the causes and likely effects of climate change in the film was broadly accurate.'" On the basis of testimony from Robert M. Carter and the arguments put forth by the claimant's lawyers, the judge also pointed to nine errors, i.e. statements that he found to depart from the mainstream. He also found that some of these errors arose in the context of alarmism and exaggeration in support of Al Gore's political thesis. Since the government had already accepted to amend the guidance notes to address these errors along with other points in a fashion that the judge found satisfactory, no order was made on the application.

The Minister of Children, Young People and Families, Kevin Brennan, declared the outcome a victory for the government, stating: "We have updated the accompanying guidance, as requested by the judge to make it clearer for teachers as to the stated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change position on a number of scientific points raised in the film.[91] Stewart Dimmock also declared victory but expressed dissatisfaction at the verdict, saying that "no amount of turgid guidance" could change his view that the film was unsuitable for the classroom.[92] A spokesman for Gore said: "Of the thousands of facts in the film, the judge only took issue with just a handful. And of that handful, we have the studies to back those pieces up."[93]

[edit] In the United States

In the United States, 50,000 free copies of An Inconvenient Truth were offered to the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), which declined to take them. Laurie David, one of the film's producers, provided an email correspondence from the NSTA detailing that their reasoning was that the DVDs would place "unnecessary risk upon the [NSTA] capital campaign, especially certain targeted supporters," and that they saw "little, if any, benefit to NSTA or its members" in accepting the free DVDs.[94][95] In public, the NSTA argued that distributing this film to its members would have been contrary to a long-standing NSTA policy against distributing unsolicited materials to its members. The NSTA also said that they had offered several other options for distributing the film but ultimately "[it] appears that these alternative distribution mechanisms were unsatisfactory."[96] Laurie David has stated that NSTA Executive Director Gerry Wheeler promised in a telephone conversation to explore alternatives with NSTA's board for advertising the film but she had not yet received an alternative offer at the time of NSTA's public claim. She also said that she rejected their subsequent offers because they were nothing more than offers to sell their "commercially available member mailing list" and advertising space in their magazine and newsletter, which are available to anyone. She noted that in the past, NSTA had shipped out 20,000 copies of a 10-part video produced by Wheeler with funding provided by ConocoPhillips in 2003. NSTA indicated that they retained editorial control over the content, which David questioned based on the point of view portrayed in the global warming section of the video.[97]

The American Association for the Advancement of Science publication ScienceNOW published an assessment discussing both sides of the NSTA decision in which it was reported that "David says NSTA's imprimatur [i.e. endorsement or sanction] was essential and that buying a mailing list is a nonstarter. 'You don't want to send out a cold letter, and it costs a lot of money,' she says. 'There are a thousand reasons why that wouldn't work.'."[98]

In January 2007, the Federal Way (Washington State) School Board voted to require an approval by the principal and the superintendent for teachers to show the film to students and that the teachers must include the presentation of an approved "opposing view".[73] The moratorium was repealed, at a meeting on January 23, after a predominantly negative community reaction. [74]

Shortly thereafter, the school board in Yakima, Washington, calling the film a "controversial issue", prevented the Environmental Club of Eisenhower High School from showing it, pending review by the school board, teachers, principal, and parents.[99] It lifted the stay a month later, upon the approval by a review panel.[100]

[edit] Criticism

Global warming skeptics were critical of the film. Richard S. Lindzen wrote in a June 26, 2006 op-ed in the Wall Street Journal that Gore was using a biased presentation to exploit the fears of the public for his own political gain. [101] Roy Spencer wrote an open letter to Gore criticizing his presentation of climate science in the film, asserting that the Arctic had a similar temperature in the 1930s before the mass emissions of carbon dioxide began.[102] Timothy F. Ball rejected Gore’s claim that there has been a sharp drop-off in the thickness of the Arctic ice cap since 1970, stating that the data was taken only from an isolated area of the Arctic and during a specific cooling period.[103]

William Gray said of the movie: "We're brainwashing our children. They're going to the Gore movie An Inconvenient Truth and being fed all this. It's ridiculous."[104] While discussing the companion book to the movie Gray said, "This is a slick propaganda book. The pictures are very good. But there are factual errors."[105]

A March 13, 2007 article in The New York Times reported on concerns among some scientists about the tone and the accuracy of the film, noting that they "argue that some of Mr. Gore’s central points are exaggerated and erroneous." Gore's discussion of a rise in sea level of up to 20 feet, while not stating a timeframe, appears in contrast with a report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which predicts a maximum rise of 23 inches this century, excluding non-linear effects on ice sheets; although that too discusses the possibilities of higher rises if the ice sheets melt. The article also states that "a report last June by the National Academies seemed to contradict Mr. Gore’s portrayal of recent temperatures as the highest in the past millennium."[106][107] The article quotes both defenders and critics of the film; Gore responds that scientists may disagree with him on some details, "but we do agree on the fundamentals."[106]

The documentary film The Great Global Warming Swindle, broadcast on Channel 4 in the UK in 2007, brought together skeptical scientists and others who disagree with the IPCC position regarding human-caused global warming. The film claims that Gore misrepresented the data in An Inconvenient Truth, and contends that the actual relationship between carbon dioxide and the temperature is the other way round (that is, rise in temperature preceded an increase in carbon dioxide in the ice core samples and therefore does so today). The claim that CO2 increases lag temperature increases in the historical ice core record is not disputed. The inference that the same relationship holds today, have been disputed by believer scientists and others such as John T. Houghton,[108] the British Antarctic Survey,[109] Eigil Friis-Christensen,[110] and the Royal Society.[111] The UK media regulator OfCom has since upheld some complaints against the programme (while rejecting others and declining to investigate the majority).[112]

[edit] Influences on popular culture

  • The film inspired an Italian opera adaptation by Giorgio Battistelli set to premiere at La Scala in 2011.
  • Prior to An Inconvenient Truth being released, Al Gore was parodied in the South Park episode “ManBearPig,” which ends with Al Gore exclaiming his intention to make a film starring himself in which he will try to save the world from the ManBearPig, a "half man, half bear, half pig". Gore laughed off this sensationalized depiction of him, saying "Their comic sensibility is aimed at a different demographic than the one I inhabit, but I still find a lot of what they do hilarious."[113] Gore makes a second appearance on South Park in the episode "Imaginationland Episode III", where he argues that the American government must nuke Imaginationland (where all the imaginary characters live, including ManBearPig) in order to destroy ManBearPig.
  • During the movie, Al Gore shows a clip from the Futurama episode "Crimes of the Hot" dealing with global warming; Al Gore was a guest star in that episode (though not present in the clip.) While not the credited author of this episode, his daughter, Kristin Gore Cusack, was on the Futurama writing staff and worked as a story editor. In addition, Gore stars in a faux trailer made by the Futurama cast and crew titled, A Terrifying Message from Al Gore.[114]
  • Stephen Colbert, on The Colbert Report, also parodied the critics of An Inconvenient Truth on 19 July 2006. Entitled "The Convenientest Truth", Colbert created his own presentation that argued for the positive effects of global warming, using his signature humor tactics to satirize the conservative response to Gore's presentation.[115]
  • In The Simpsons Movie, An Inconvenient Truth is parodied when Lisa Simpson, presenting dangers of the pollution of Lake Springfield to Springfield's residents in a style similar to Gore, fails to properly operate a scissor lift intended to lift her up in order to show a spike of data on a projected graph regarding global warming. The title of her presentation is An Irritating Truth. Mayor Quimby's initial response was to buy a new scissor lift until Lisa revealed that she put the polluted lake water in the audience's drinking glasses, convincing them to immediately fix the pollution problems.
  • Although the phrase “an inconvenient truth,” or variations thereof were in fairly common use before the film, it has become a common descriptive expression in the English vernacular since the film's title was announced, appearing in journalism[116], blogs[117], and elsewhere.
  • In an episode of The Replacements, when an evil villain realizes that his plot to melt Antarctica will eventually backfire, Riley asks him if "the truth is too inconvenient".
  • The episode of the TV shows Scrubs My Inconvenient Truth parodies the title. Also the character The Janitor is inspired, after being shown the movie by lawyer Ted Buckland, to be more environmentally friendly.
  • In the film Monsters vs. Aliens, the amphibious Missing Link steps outside for the first time in 50 years and questions if the Earth is warmer than he last remembered, saying it would be "a very convenient truth."

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ "On a Bender: A chat with Inconvenient Truth co-producer and Hollywood bigwig Lawrence Bender". Retrieved March 7, 2007.
  2. ^ "Winner: Documentary Feature, An Inconvenient Truth". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 25, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  3. ^ "New York Times Bestsellers: Paperback Nonfiction". The New York Times. 2006-07-02. Retrieved on 2007-03-17. 
  4. ^ "NY Times: An Inconvenient Truth". NY Times. Retrieved on 2008-11-23. 
  5. ^ "Documentary 1982–Present (film rankings by lifetime gross)". Box Office Mojo. 
  6. ^ An Update with Former Vice-President Al Gore (2006) (V)
  7. ^ Siegenthaler, Urs; Stocker, Thomas F.; et al. (November 25 2005). "Stable Carbon Cycle–Climate Relationship During the Late Pleistocene (abstract)". Science 310 (5752): 1313–1317. doi:10.1126/science.1120130. PMID 16311332. Retrieved on 2008-06-13. 
  8. ^ Oreskes, Naomi (December 3 2004). "Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change". Science 306 (5702): 1686. doi:10.1126/science.1103618. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  9. ^ Borenstein, Seth (June 27, 2006). "Scientists OK Gore's Movie for Accuracy". Washington Post. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  10. ^ "The Science". An Inconvenient Truth official website. Retrieved on 2009-01-04. 
  11. ^ "AP Incorrectly Claims Scientists Praise Gore’s Movie". U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. June 27, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  12. ^ a b Coile, Zachary (October 11, 2006). "Senator fights the tide, calls warming by humans a hoax". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  13. ^ Eric, Steig (May 10, 2006). "Al Gore’s movie". RealClimate. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  14. ^ Michael, Shermer (June 2006). "The Flipping Point: How the evidence for anthropogenic global warming has converged to cause this environmental skeptic to make a cognitive flip". Scientific American. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 
  15. ^ Voynar, Kim (2006-01-26). "Sundance: An Inconvenient Truth Q & A - Al Gore on fire! No, really.". Cinematical. 
  16. ^ Remnick, David (2006-04-14). "The Talk of the Town". New Yorker. 
  17. ^ "Albert A. Gore, Jr., 45th Vice President (1993-2001)". Retrieved on 2008-06-22. 
  18. ^ Pianin, Eric (July 30, 1993). "Hill Agrees to Raise Gas Tax 4.3 Cents; Accord Clears Big Hurdle for Budget". Washington Post. Retrieved on 2008-12-30. 
  19. ^ Gore, Al (December 8, 1997). "Remarks By Al Gore, Climate Change Conference, Kyoto, Japan". Retrieved on 2008-07-02. 
  21. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 105th Congress — 1st Session:S.Res. 98". 1997-07-25. Retrieved on 2007-01-31. 
  22. ^ "Text of the Byrd-Hagel Resolution". 1997-07-25. Retrieved on 2006-11-05. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ - Topics in the News: Kyoto Treaty. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  25. ^ Breslau, Karen (May 2006). "The Resurrection of Al Gore". Wired Magazine. 
  26. ^ Booth, William (2006-01-26). "Al Gore, Sundance's Leading Man". Washington Post. 
  27. ^ Alex Steffen (May 4, 2006). "Interview: David Guggenheim and An Inconvenient Truth". 
  28. ^ Quinn, Michelle (2008-09-15). "Helping others grab an audience". Los Angeles Times. 
  29. ^ Reynolds, Garr (2006-06-01). "Duarte Design helps Al Gore "go visual"". Presentation Zen. 
  30. ^ Frazier, Bryant (2006-06-06). "Shedding Light on An Inconvenient Truth". Film & Video. 
  31. ^ 'Last Stand' delivers IMDb, 2006-05-30, accessed 2007-01-10
  32. ^ BIFF EXCEEDS ALL EXPECTATIONS (Adobe Reader format) accessed 2007-01-10
  33. ^ Documentary Movies Box Office Mojo, accessed 2007-06-09
  34. ^ Housewife addresses climate conference Flanders News, dated 2006-11-16, accessed 2007-01-10
  35. ^ Governing Council The Alliance for Climate Protection, accessed 2007-01-10
  36. ^ "An Inconvenient Truth: Reviews". Metacritic. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved on 2008-12-09. 
  37. ^ Roger Ebert An Inconvenient Truth Chicago Sunday Times, accessed 2007-01-10
  38. ^ David Edelstein An Inconvenient Truth New York Magazine, accessed 2008-12-09
  39. ^ David Remnick Ozone Man New Yorker, accessed 2009-02-25
  40. ^ A.O. Scott Warning of Calamities and Hoping for a Change in 'An Inconvenient Truth New York Times, accessed 2009-02-25
  41. ^ Ronald Bailey Gore as climate exaggerator Reason, dated 2006-06-16, accessed 2007-01-10
  42. ^ Peter Canello, Gore's ecology film gets an `inconvenient' label of liberalism Boston Globe, accessed 2009-02-25
  43. ^ Hall, Phil (May 15, 2006). "An Inconvenient Truth". Film Threat. Retrieved on February 28, 2009. 
  44. ^ Gore movie reaching the red states, too San Francisco Chronicle, accessed 2009-02-25
  45. ^ a b "Hudson wins supporting actress Oscar". CNN. February 25, 207. 
  46. ^ "Oscar Night: Winner: Music (Song)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science. February 25, 2007. 
  47. ^ "80th Annual Academy Awards Oscar Quiz". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2008-01-22. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. 
  48. ^ Hanrahan, Brian (2007-02-25). "'The Departed' arrives". Los Angeles Times.,0,2802194.story. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. 
  49. ^ "2006 HUMANITAS Prize Winners" (PDF). the HUMANITAS prize. 2006-06-28. Retrieved on 16 January. 
  50. ^ "Stanley Kramer Award: An Inconvenient Truth". 2007-01-18. Retrieved on 18 January. 
  51. ^ "President’s Award". 2007-07-18. Retrieved on 18 July. 
  52. ^ "2007 Nobel Peace Prize Laureates". Retrieved on 11 October. 
  53. ^ An Inconvenient Truth - Awards and Nominations Yahoo, accessed February 10, 2007
  54. ^ "Winners Announced for the 2006 Chicago Film Critics Awards". Chicago Film Critics Association. 2006-12-28. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  55. ^ "DFWFilmCritics". Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  56. ^ "Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards: 2006". IMDb. 2006-12-18. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  57. ^ "Florida Film Critics Circle Awards - 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 
  58. ^ "Film Critic's Circle of Kansas City". Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 
  59. ^ "LVFCS Sierra Award winners:". Las Vegas Film Critics Society 2006. 
  60. ^ "NBR page on An Inconvenient Truth". National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. 
  61. ^ "New York Film Critics Online". Movie City News. 2006-12-10. 
  62. ^ Central Ohio Film Critics Association (COFCA) - Awards
  63. ^ "Oklahoma Film Critics Circle: Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Announces 2006 Awards". Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 
  64. ^ "Online Film Critics Society Awards - 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 
  65. ^ "Phoenix Film Critics Circle Awards - 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  66. ^ "11th Annual SATELLITE Awards - 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  67. ^ "St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  68. ^ "Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  69. ^ "Utah Film Critics Awards 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  70. ^ "Washington D.C. Film Critics Association 2006". Retrieved on 2007-10-30. 
  71. ^ Hernandez, Eugene (2007-01-06). "The Critics Have Spoken (Again); National Society Chooses "Pan's Labyrinth" As Best Film of 2006". Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  72. ^ Libin, Kevin (May 19, 2007). "Gore's Inconvenient Truth required classroom viewing?". National Post. 
  73. ^ a b Robert McClure & Lisa Stiffler (January 11, 2007). "Federal Way schools restrict Gore film". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved on 2007-01-11. 
  74. ^ a b Cara Solomon (January 24, 2007). "Federal Way School Board lifts brief moratorium on Gore film". Seattle Times. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. 
  75. ^ a b c "Bush gives thumbs down to Gore's new movie". Associated Press. 2006-05-24. Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  76. ^ "Howard isolated on climate change: Gore". Nine Network. 2006-09-11. Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  77. ^ "Howard isolated on climate change: Gore". Nine Network. 2006-09-11. Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  78. ^ Full text of David Cameron's speech to the Conservative Party conference, Guardian Unlimited, 4 October 2006, accessed 25 November 2006
  79. ^ "Spitzenpolitiker sehen Gore-Film". 2006-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  80. ^ "A GORE Flick". 2006-10-27. Retrieved on 2008-11-15. 
  81. ^ Inconvenient Truth to Continue Airing in Schools, Spiegel Online, 13 October 2007.
  82. ^ Al Gore - The Prince of Asturias Foundation
  83. ^ Gore climate documentary to be shown in schools, Expatica, 7 February 2007, accessed 11 February 2007
  84. ^ Halton District School Board (2007-04-24). Screening of An Inconvenient Truth set to educate students on climate change. Press release. 
  85. ^ David Leask (January 17, 2007). "All secondary schools to see Gore climate film". The Herald. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. 
  86. ^ "Where did that video spoofing Gore's film come from?". Wall Street Journal. 2006-08-03. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  87. ^ "Slick lobbying is behind penguin spoof of Al Gore". The Times. 2006-08-05. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  88. ^ "Glenn talks with Lord Monckton". Glenn Beck. 2008-03-04. 
  89. ^ "Stuart Dimmock v Secretary of State for Education & Skills [2007 EWHC 2288"]. 2007-10-10. 
  90. ^ Al Gore's 'nine Inconvenient Untruths' - Telegraph
  91. ^ MacLeod, Donald (October 10, 2007). "Climate change film to stay in the classroom". Guardian Unlimted.,,2188015,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-14. 
  92. ^ "Schools must warn of Gore climate film bias". Daily Mail. October 3, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-12-14. 
  93. ^ "U.K. Judge Finds Problems in Gore Film". Associated Press/Guardian. October 12, 2007.,,6990521,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-15. 
  94. ^ Laurie David (October 12, 2006). "Conversation: Al Gore/An Inconvenient Truth" (PDF). The Huffington Post. Retrieved on 2007-11-04. 
  95. ^ Laurie David (November 26, 2006). "Science a la Joe Camel". The Washington Post. Retrieved on 2006-11-26. 
  96. ^ Gerald Wheeler (November 28, 2006). "NSTA Statement on November 26 Washington Post Op-ed "Science à la Joe Camel"". National Science Teachers Association. Retrieved on 2007-01-09. 
  97. ^ Laurie David (December 8, 2006). "Crooked Curriculum: Oil Company Money Scandal at Nat'l Science Teachers Association Deepens". The Huffington Post. Retrieved on 2007-11-04. 
  98. ^ "An Inconvenient DVD". ScienceNOW Daily News. November 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-11-05. 
  99. ^ KNDO (January 24, 2007). "School Delays Viewing of Global Warming Documentary". KNDO. Retrieved on 2007-01-24. 
  100. ^ "Wash. high school club cleared to watch Gore film". Associated Press. February 3, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-12. 
  101. ^ Richard S. Lindzen There Is No 'Consensus' On Global Warming Wall Street Journal, accessed 2007-01-10
  102. ^ Questions for Al Gore by Roy Spencer TCS Daily - Questions for Al Gore, 2006-05-25, accessed 2007-03-13
  103. ^ U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
  104. ^ Lytte, Steve (2007-10-14). "Gore gets a cold shoulder". Sydney Morning Herald. 
  105. ^ Prendergast, Alan (2006-06-29). "The Skeptic". Denver Westwood News. 
  106. ^ a b Broad, William J. (2007-03-13). "From a Rapt Audience, a Call to Cool the Hype". The New York Times. 
  107. ^ Lindzen, Richard (2006-08-02). "Don't believe the Hype". Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  108. ^ Houghton, John. "The Great Global Warming Swindle". The John Ray Initiative. Retrieved on 2007-03-12. 
  109. ^ BAS Statement about Channel 4 programme on Global Warming
  110. ^ NR+EFC Statement
  111. ^ "The Royal Society’s response to the documentary "The Great Global Warming Swindle"". Royal Society. 2007-03-11. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  112. ^ Climate documentary 'broke rules'
  113. ^ "Gore promotes his 'ultimate action movie'". Chicago Sun-Times. 5 May 2006. 
  114. ^ "A Terrifying Message from Al Gore". 
  115. ^ "The Convenientest Truth". 
  116. ^ "Analysis: Candidates won't risk votes as troops risk lives". CNN. 13 January 2008. 
  117. ^ "Ron Paul Shocks GOP With the 'Inconvenient Truth' About Islamic Terrorism". Bob Fertik. 16 May 2007. 

[edit] External links

Preceded by
March of the Penguins
Academy Award for Documentary Feature
Succeeded by
Taxi to the Dark Side
Personal tools