From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Developed by Antares Audio Technologies
Initial release 1994
Latest release 5
Operating system Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X
Type Autotuner
License Proprietary

Auto-Tune is a proprietary audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies that uses a phase vocoder to correct pitch in vocal and instrumental performances. It is used to disguise inaccuracies and mistakes, and has allowed many artists to produce more precisely tuned recordings.

In addition to being used to subtly change pitch, with some settings it can be used as an effect to deliberately distort the human voice.[1]

Auto-Tune is available as a plug-in for professional audio multi-tracking suites used in a studio setting, and as a stand-alone, rack-mounted unit for live performance processing.[2] Auto-Tune has become standard equipment in professional recording studios.[3]

Auto-Tune was initially created by Andy Hildebrand. Hildebrand realized the work that he did on seismic data exploration was applicable to detecting pitch.[4]

[edit] Use

Auto-Tune was used to produce the prominent effect on Cher's "Believe", recorded in 1998. When first interviewed about this, the sound engineers claimed that they had used a vocoder, in what Sound on Sound perceives as an attempt to preserve a trade secret.[5]

R&B singer T-Pain has been credited with revitalizing the technique in contemporary popular music by making active use of it in his songs, a style that has since gone on to be imitated by numerous other R&B and pop-music artists.[6]

According to the Boston Herald, "Country stars Reba McEntire, Faith Hill and Tim McGraw have all confessed to using Auto-Tune in performance, claiming it is a safety net that guarantees a good performance."[7] Sara Evans, John Michael Montgomery and Gary LeVox of the group Rascal Flatts also rely on Auto-Tune to compensate for pitch problems. However, various other country music talents such as Loretta Lynn, Allison Moorer, Trisha Yearwood, Vince Gill, Garth Brooks, Martina McBride and Patty Loveless have refused to use Auto-Tune.[8]

In 2009, Time magazine quoted an unnamed Grammy-winning recording engineer as saying, "Let's just say I've had Auto-Tune save vocals on everything from Britney Spears to Bollywood [soundtrack] albums. And every singer now presumes that you'll just run their voice through the box." The same article expressed "hope that pop's fetish for uniform perfect pitch will fade," speculating that pop-music songs have become harder to differentiate from one another, as "track after track has perfect pitch."[9] At the 51st Grammy Awards, Seattle band Death Cab for Cutie made an appearance wearing blue ribbons to protest the use of Auto-Tune in the music industry.[10]

[edit] References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Antares product page
  3. ^ Everett-Green, Robert. "Ruled by Frankenmusic," The Globe and Mail, October 14, 2006, p. R1.
  4. ^ Frere Jones, Sasha. "The Gerbil's Revenge" [1] The New Yorker, June 9, 2008
  5. ^ "Recording Cher's 'Believe'"
  6. ^ Singers do better with T-Pain relief
  7. ^ Treacy, Christopher John. "Pitch-adjusting software brings studio tricks," The Boston Herald, February 19, 2007, Monday, "The Edge" p. 32.
  8. ^ [2]McCall, Michael. "Pro Tools: A number of leading country artists sing off key. But a magical piece of software-Pro Tools-makes them sound as good as gold."
  9. ^ "Singer's Little Helper," Tyrangiel, Josh, Time Magazine, Thursday, February 5, 2009, [3]
  10. ^ "Death Cab for Cutie protests Auto-Tune". 2009-02-12. Retrieved on 2009-02-12. 

[edit] External links

Personal tools