From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Gulyás in a traditional "bogrács" (cauldron)

Goulash is a dish, originally from Hungary, a stew or a soup, usually made of beef, red onions, vegetables, spices and ground paprika powder.[1] The name originates from the Hungarian gulyás (pronounced goo-yash), the word for a cattle stockman or herdsman.


[edit] In Hungary

[edit] Gulyás

Hungarian Gulyásleves, Goulash soup
Hungarian Goulash

In Hungary, Goulash is called Gulyás. Gulyásleves is prepared as a soup (leves meaning soup). The dish Gulyás or Bográcsgulyás[2] was traditionally a thick stew, made by cattle stockmen. The Goulash can still be prepared both like a soup and a stew. The traditional Hungarian stews: Goulash, Pörkölt and Paprikas, sharing the same origin, as herdsmens stews, are considered to be the national dishes of Hungary.

Shank, shin or shoulder or veal[3] is used. Goulash derives its thickness from tough, well-exercised muscles rich in collagen, which is converted to gelatin during the cooking process. Meat is cut into chunks, seasoned with salt, and black pepper and then browned in a pot with oil or lard with sliced onions. Paprika, water or stock is added and left to simmer. After cooking a while garlic, whole or groundcaraway seeds, or soup vegetables like carrot, parsnip, peppers(green or bell pepper), celery and a small tomato may be added. Other herbs and spices could also be added, especially hot chili peppers, bay leaf and thyme [4] Diced potatoes may be added, they provide starch as they cook, making the goulash thicker and smoother. A small amount of white wine or wine vinegar may also be added near the end of cooking to round the taste. Goulash may be served with small egg noodles called csipetke[5] The name Csipetke comes from pinching small fingernail size bits out of the dough, (csip =pinch), before adding them to the boiling soup.

[edit] Hungarian goulash varieties

Hungarian Goulash served with pasta

Hungarian goulash variations[6]

  • Gulyás à la Szeged. Reduce the potatoes and add vegetables.
  • Gulyás Hungarian Plain Style. Omit the home made soup pasta (csipetke) and add vegetables.
  • Mock Gulyás. Substitute the meat with beef bones and add vegetables. Also called Hamisgulyás, (Fake Goulash or Gypsy goulash).
  • Bean Gulyás. Omit the potatoes and the caraway seeds. Use kidney beans instead.
  • Csángó Gulyás. Add sauerkraut and rice instead of pasta and potatoes.
  • Betyár Gulyás. Use smoked beef or smoked pork for meat.
  • Likócsi Pork Gulyás. Use pork and thin vermicelli in the goulash instead of potato and soup pasta. Flavour with lemon juice.
  • Mutton Gulyás or Birkagulyás. Made with mutton. Add red wine for flavour.

A thicker and richer goulash, similar to a stew, originally made with three kinds of meat, is called Székely gulyás, named after the Hungarian writer, journalist and archivist József Székely (1825-1895). [7]

Some cookbooks suggest using roux with flour to thicken the goulash, which produces a starchy texture and a blander taste. Others suggest using a vast amount of tomatoes for colour and taste. A small amount of tomatoes in the stock that is used, or a drop of tomato purée, may improve the taste and texture, but the original goulash is a paprika-based dish and the taste of tomatoes should not be discernible. Many Hungarian chefs consider tomatoes to be absolutely forbidden in goulash and they also feel that if they cook a stew instead of a soup, it should only be thickened by finely chopped potatoes, which must be simmered along with the meat.

[edit] Pörkölt

Pörkölt in Hungary

Another Hungarian stew using ground paprika, developed around 1800 from the old, original Goulash is the Pörkölt, a meat stew (without any potato or pasta in the stew). The word Pörkölt derives from the Hungarian verb "pörkölni" which means "to roast" or "to simmer". The Hungarian cuisine has many variation of this dish.

Pörkölt is made of boneless diced meat, onion, tomatoes, bell peppers, garlic, wine and marjoram for the game[8] and a teaspoon paprika powder (usually no or very little caraway) is added. The dish is slowly simmered on low temperature. Small, thin green hot peppers, (green chili pepper) and black pepper are common additions to the basic recipe. The pörkölt's sauce is rich and flavourful and should barely cover the meat[9].

Several kinds of meat can be used when making pörkölt. Most common are beef and pork[10], but other meats can be used as well, like lamb[11], rabbit, goose, [12] and game, venison or boar. Tripe and liver is also used. A popular meal in traditional Hungarian cuisine is a pörkölt made of tripe, called Pacalpörkölt. (Pacal is the Hungarian word for tripe). It has a unique and very distinguishable taste, often being quite spicy.

In Hungary pörkölt is served with side dishes like galuska/nokedli, which are a kind of small dumplings, buttered potatoes, mashed potatoes, pasta (tészta) or tarhonya (big pasta grains) and pickles. The Hungarian dish Pörkölt resembles the Ragù.[13].

[edit] Paprikás

Paprikás served with home made “Nokedli” pastry

A slightly similar dish is Paprikas, made only with diced meat. Paprikas is made with chicken, lamb[14], pork[15], calf[16] or goose, sometimes bones included (chicken cutlets or lamb). The meat is covered by a rich, thick creamy paprika sauce. Paprikás is usually made without any vegetables. The diced meat is seared with finely chopped fried onions and paprika, then simmered along with stock or water on low heat.[17] Chicken paprikash is made with whole chicken pieces, legs, thighs, breast and back, onion and paprika, covered and cooked on a small fire, simmered until the chicken is tender, then sour cream and heavy cream is added to the gravy. If two or three tablespoons of paprika powder is used for spice and a generous amount of sour cream or cream (or a mixture of both) is added to the meat in the end, which is prepared the same way as the Pörkölt, it will become what the Hungarians call a Paprikás[18]. Topping the dish with fresh chopped parsley gives the paprikás its special flavour. When making paprikás, a tasty vegetarian alternative is gombapaprikás - mushroom paprikas - where sliced mushrooms are used instead of meat.

[edit] Paprikás krumpli

"Paprikás krumpli" is a paprika-based potato stew with a lot of diced potatoes, onion, tomato, bell peppers, ground paprika and some bacon or sliced spicy sausage, like the Debrecener sausage. In German-speaking countries, Kartoffelgulasch ("potato goulash") is a less-expensive goulash-substitute, made with sausage; similar to "Paprikás krumpli".

[edit] Outside Hungary

Thick stews similar to pörkölt and the original cattlemen stew are popular throughout almost all the former Austrian-Hungarian Empire, from Northeast Italy to the Carpates. Like pörkölt, these stews are generally served with boiled or mashed potatoes, polenta, dumplings, spatzle or, alternatively, as a stand-alone dish with bread .

[edit] Goulash in the Czech Republic

Goulash is made with beef, dark bread and beer added to the stew.

[edit] Goulash in Germany

Gulasch, Rindergulasch or Gulaschsuppe is a beef[19] stew with potatoes in a rich tomato based broth.

[edit] Goulash in Italy

Goulash with gnocchi

Goulash is found in Italy, in the region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia and the autonomous region in Northern Italy, Trento and Bolzano-Bozen, as a regular Sunday dish, served with gnocchi.

[edit] North American goulash

In the United States and Canada, various adaptations have made the dish more suitable for local preferences, with the result that American "goulash" often bears little or no resemblance to the Hungarian original. The amount of peppers and/or paprika is often drastically reduced or even left out altogether. Ground beef frequently replaces stew beef in American goulashes, which reduces the cost as well as the cooking time. The meat and onions are then placed in the kettle, the other ingredients are added and the dish might be ready to serve in as little time as 20 to 30 minutes. American goulash is commonly finished by the addition of noodles or pasta, with elbow macaroni cited in most recipes.[20] This form of the dish was made popular by its inclusion in popular cookbooks in the twentieth century, such as Betty Crocker's Cookbook and is often noted as a comfort food.

  • Goulash is also a slang term in some parts of the United States, particularly the South, for a dish made with miscellaneous left-overs. Noodles or potatoes are usually added thereafter.

[edit] Goulash in the Slavic Cuisines

Goulash (Croatian: Gulaš) is also very popular in most parts of Croatia, especially north (Hrvatsko Zagorje) and Lika. It's considered to be part of traditional cuisine. In Gorski Kotar and Lika deer and boar frequently replace beef - Lovački gulaš. There is also Goulash with porcini mushrooms (Gulaš od vrganja). Bacon is an important part of Croatian goulash.

Gulaš is often served with fuži, njoki, palenta or pasta. In Croatian, Bosnian and Serbian ciganski gulaš) is augmented with vegetables. Green and red bell peppers and carrots are most commonly used. Sometimes one or more other kinds of meat are added, e.g. pork loin, bacon, or mutton. In Slovenia, they are known as Perkelt, but are often referred to as "goulash" or a similar name.

In Slovenian partizanski golaž, partisan goulash, favoured by Slovenian partisans during the Second World War, and still regularly served at mass public events; most meat is replaced with quartered potatoes. It's not as thick as goulash, but thicker than goulash soup.

[edit] Other

[edit] References

Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel, Budapest, CORVINA. ISBN 963 13 3733 2

Betty Crocker's Cookbook

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400. page 20
  2. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  3. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes
  4. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  5. ^ Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400. page 31
  6. ^ Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400. page 21
  7. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  8. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  9. ^ Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400. page 56
  10. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes Pork pörkölt
  11. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes Lamb pörkölt
  12. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  13. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  14. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes Lamb paprikash
  15. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes Pork paprikash
  16. ^ Famous Hungarian recipes Veal paprikash
  17. ^ June Meyers Authentic Hungarian Heirloom Recipes Cookbook
  18. ^ Gundel's Hungarian Cookbook, Karoly Gundel.
  19. ^ Rindergulasch Lieblings-Rezepte
  20. ^ recipezaar.com, Ground Beef Goulash, retrieved 22 December 2007

[edit] External links

[edit] Recipes

See recipe at Wikibooks Cookbook.

Personal tools