List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

The musical works of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) are listed below. Two different, overlapping lists of Beethoven's works are presented here. The first is a listing of his most well-known works classified by genre. The second is a larger list of works, classified by various numbering systems. Years in parentheses denote dates of composition or publication.

The most common methods of numbering Beethoven's works are by the Opus number, which was assigned by Beethoven's publishers during his lifetime, and by number within genre. For example, the 14th published string quartet, which was published as Opus 131, may be referenced either as "String Quartet No. 14" or "the Opus 131 String Quartet".

Many works that were unpublished have been assigned either "WoO" or "Anh" numbers. For example, the short piano piece "Für Elise", is more fully known as the "Bagatelle in A minor, WoO 59 ('Für Elise')". Some works also have nicknames, like the 'Kreutzer' Sonata for violin, or the Eroica Symphony.

The listings that follow include all of these relevant identifiers so that the works may be correctly identified in each place where a work appears. Other catalogues of Beethoven's works exist; the numbers presented here are the most widely known.


[edit] List of works by genre

Beethoven, caricatured by J. P. Lyser

[edit] Orchestral music

Throughout his lifetime, Beethoven wrote nine symphonies, nine concertos, and a variety of other orchestral music, ranging from overtures and incidental music for theatrical productions to other miscellaneous "occasional" works, written for a particular occasion. Of the concertos, seven are widely known (one violin concerto, five piano concertos, and one triple concerto for violin, piano, and cello); the other two are an unpublished early piano concerto (WoO 4) and an arrangement of the Violin Concerto for piano and orchestra (Opus 61a).

[edit] Symphonies

  • Opus 21: Symphony No. 1 in C major (composed 1799–1800, premièred 1800)
  • Opus 36: Symphony No. 2 in D major (composed 1801–02, premièred 1803)
  • Opus 55: Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major ("Eroica") (composed 1803, premièred 1804)
  • Opus 60: Symphony No. 4 in B-flat major (composed 1806, premièred 1807)
  • Opus 67: Symphony No. 5 in C minor (composed 1805–08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 68: Symphony No. 6 in F major ("Pastoral") (composed 1805–08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 92: Symphony No. 7 in A major (composed 1811–12, premièred 1813)
  • Opus 93: Symphony No. 8 in F major (composed 1811–12, premièred 1814)
  • Opus 125: Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral") (composed 1817–24, premièred 1824)

What was once believed by some to be an early symphony by Beethoven, the "Jena" Symphony in C major is now thought to be by Friedrich Witt.[1]

Beethoven is believed to have intended to write a Tenth Symphony in the last year of his life; a performing version of possible sketches was assembled by Barry Cooper.[2]

[edit] Concerti

[edit] Other works for soloist and orchestra

[edit] Overtures and occasional music

  • Opus 43: The Creatures of Prometheus, overture and ballet music (1801)
  • Opus 62: Coriolan Overture (1807)
  • Overtures composed for Beethoven's opera Fidelio:
    • Opus 72: Fidelio Overture (1814)
    • Opus 72a: Leonore Overture "No. 2" (1805)
    • Opus 72b: Leonore Overture "No. 3" (1806)
    • Opus 138: Leonore Overture "No. 1" (1807)
  • Opus 84: Egmont, overture and incidental music (1810)
  • Opus 91: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (1813)
  • Opus 113: The Ruins of Athens (Die Ruinen von Athen), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 117: King Stephen (König Stephan), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 115: Zur Namensfeier (Feastday) Overture (1815)
  • Opus 124: Consecration of the House (Die Weihe des Hauses), overture (1822)

[edit] Chamber music

Beethoven wrote 16 string quartets and numerous other forms of chamber music, including piano trios, string trios, and sonatas for violin and cello with piano, as well as works with wind instruments.

[edit] String quartets

[edit] Early

[edit] Middle

[edit] Late

[edit] String quintets

[edit] Trios

[edit] Piano trios

[edit] String trios
  • Opus 3: String Trio No. 1 in E-flat major (1794)
  • Opus 8: String Trio No. 2 ("Serenade") in D major (1797)
  • Opus 9: Three String Trios (1798)
    • No. 1: String Trio No. 3 in G major
    • No. 2: String Trio No. 4 in D major
    • No. 3: String Trio No. 5 in C minor

[edit] Chamber music with winds

[edit] Sonatas for solo instrument and piano

[edit] Violin sonatas

[edit] Cello sonatas

[edit] Horn sonatas

[edit] Solo piano music

In addition to the 32 celebrated sonatas, Beethoven's work for solo piano includes many one-movement pieces, notably more than twenty largely unpublished sets of variations and over thirty bagatelles, including the well-known Für Elise.

[edit] Piano sonatas

[edit] Variations

[edit] Bagatelles

  • Opus 33: Seven Bagatelles (1802)
  • Opus 119: Eleven new Bagatelles (1822)
  • Opus 126: Six Bagatelles (1823)
  • WoO 52: Presto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1795, rev. 1798 and 1822)[4]
  • WoO 53: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1796–97)[4]
  • WoO 54: Lustig-Traurig (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1802)[4]
  • WoO 56: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1803, rev. 1822)[4]
  • WoO 59: Poco moto (Bagatelle) in A minor, "Für Elise" (c. 1810)[4]
  • WoO 60: Ziemlich lebhaft (Bagatelle) for piano in B-flat major (1818)[4]

[edit] Other works

[edit] Vocal music

While he completed only one opera, Beethoven wrote vocal music throughout his life, including two Mass settings, other works for chorus and orchestra (in addition to the Ninth Symphony), arias, duets, art songs (lieder), and true song cycles.

[edit] Opera

  • Opus 72: Leonore (1805) The first version in three acts
  • Opus 72: Leonore (1806) The second version in two acts
  • Opus 72: Fidelio (1814) The final version in two acts

[edit] Choral

[edit] Song

[edit] List of works by number

The following is a list of Beethoven's works, sorted by Opus number, followed by works listed as WoO in the Kinsky-Halm catalog, and then works listed in the appendix of that catalog, which are given "Anh" numbers, whose composition by Beethoven has since been verified. These are followed by additional works listed in the catalog of Willy Hess that are not otherwise listed in the Kinsky-Halm catalog. The chronologically comprehensive Biamonti Catalogue is not listed here.

[edit] Works with opus numbers

[edit] Works without opus numbers

[edit] Works with WoO numbers

The numbers and categories used below are from the Kinsky catalog of 1955. WoO is an abbreviation of "Werke ohne Opuszahl", German for "Works without Opus number".

[edit] Instrumental works: WoO 1–86
Orchestral works

Orchestra alone

  • WoO 1: Musik zu einem Ritterballett (Music for a ballet on horseback) – eight movements
  • WoO 2a: Triumphal March for orchestra for Christoph Kuffner's tragedy Tarpeja
  • WoO 2b: Prelude to Act II of Tarpeja
  • WoO 3: "Gratulations-Menuett", minuet for orchestra



  • WoO 7: Twelve minuets for orchestra
  • WoO 8: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (later arranged for piano)
  • WoO 9: Six minuets for two violins and cello
  • WoO 10: Six minuets for orchestra (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant)
  • WoO 11: Seven Ländler for two violins and cello (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant)
  • WoO 12: Twelve minuets for orchestra (probably spurious, actually by Beethoven's brother Carl)
  • WoO 13: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (only a version for piano is extant)
  • WoO 14: Twelve contredanses for orchestra
  • WoO 15: Six Ländler for two violins and cello (also arranged for piano)
  • WoO 16: Twelve Écossaises for orchestra (probably spurious)
  • WoO 17: Eleven "Mödlinger Tänze" for seven instruments (probably spurious)

Marches and dances for winds

  • WoO 18: March for Military Band "For the Bohemian Ward" (trio added later)
  • WoO 19: March for Military Band (trio added later)
  • WoO 20: March for Military Band "Zapfenstreich" (trio added later)
  • WoO 21: Polonaise for Military Band
  • WoO 22: Écossaise for Military Band
  • WoO 23: Écossaise for Military Band (only a piano arrangement by Carl Czerny is extant)
  • WoO 24: March for Military Band
Chamber works

Without piano

  • WoO 25: Rondo for 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 horns and 2 bassoons (original finale of the Octet, opus 103) (1792)
  • WoO 26: Duo for two flutes
  • WoO 27: Three duets for clarinet and bassoon (possibly spurious)
  • WoO 28: Variations for two oboes and cor anglais on "Là ci darem la mano" from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni
  • WoO 29: March for wind
  • WoO 30: Three Equale for four trombones – Vocal arrangements of these were performed at Beethoven's funeral.
  • WoO 31: Fugue for organ
  • WoO 32: Duo for viola and cello, "mit zwei obligaten Augengläsern" ("with two obbligato eyeglasses")
  • WoO 33: Five pieces for mechanical clock or flute
  • WoO 34: Duet for two violins
  • WoO 35: Canon for two violins

With piano

Piano works for 2 or 4 hands

Sonatas and single-movement works

  • WoO 47: Three piano sonatas (E-flat major, F minor, D major) ("Kurfürsten Sonatas") (1783)
  • WoO 48: Rondo for piano in C major (1783)
  • WoO 49: Rondo for piano in A major (1783)
  • WoO 50: Piano Sonata in F major (1790–92)
  • WoO 51: Piano Sonata in C major (1797–98, fragment)
  • WoO 52: Presto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1795, rev. 1798 and 1822)[4]
  • WoO 53: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1796–97)[4]
  • WoO 54: Lustig-Traurig (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1802)[4]
  • WoO 55: Prelude for piano in F major (1803)
  • WoO 56: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1803, rev. 1822))[4]
  • WoO 57: Andante Favori – original middle movement from Piano Sonata No. 21 (Waldstein) (1805)
  • WoO 58: Cadenzas for 1st and 3rd movements of Mozart's D minor Piano Concerto (K. 466)
  • WoO 59: Poco moto (Bagatelle) in A minor, "Für Elise" (c. 1810))[4]
  • WoO 60: Ziemlich lebhaft (Bagatelle) for piano in B-flat major (1818))[4]
  • WoO 61: Allegretto for piano in B minor (1821)
  • WoO 61a: Allegretto quasi andante in G minor (1825)
  • WoO 62: String Quintet in C major (Fragment, Piano Transcription)



  • WoO 81: Allemande for piano in A major
  • WoO 82: Minuet for piano in E-flat major
  • WoO 83: Six Écossaises for piano and orchestra in E-flat major
  • WoO 84: Waltz for piano in E-flat major
  • WoO 85: Waltz for piano
  • WoO 86: Écossaise for piano in E-flat major

[edit] Vocal works: WoO 87–205
Cantatas, choruses and arias with orchestra
  • WoO 87: Cantata on the Death of Emperor Joseph II
  • WoO 88: Cantata on the Accession of Emperor Leopold II
  • WoO 89: Aria "Prüfung des Küssens"
  • WoO 90: Aria "Mit Mädeln sich vertragen"
  • WoO 91: Two arias for Die Schöne Schusterin
  • WoO 92: Aria "Primo Amore"
  • WoO 92a: Aria "No, non turbati"
  • WoO 93: Duet "Nei giorni tuoi felice"
  • WoO 94: "Germania," aria with chorus in B-flat major
  • WoO 95: Chorus for the Congress of Vienna
  • WoO 96: Incidental Music to Leonore Prohaska
  • WoO 97: "Es ist vollbracht" for Die Ehrenpforten
  • WoO 98: "Wo sich die Pulse," chorus for The Consecration of the House
Works for multiple voices with piano accompaniment, or unaccompanied
  • WoO 99: Italian Partsongs
  • WoO 100: Musical joke for three voices "Lob auf den Dicken"
  • WoO 101: Musical joke for three voices and chorus "Graf, Graf, liebster Graf"
  • WoO 102: Chorus for male voices "Abschiedsgesang"
  • WoO 103: Cantata Un lieto Brindisi
  • WoO 104: "Gesang der Moenche" from Schiller's Wilhelm Tell for three male voices
  • WoO 105: Song for solo voice, chorus and piano "Hochzeitslied"
  • WoO 106: Birthday Cantata for Prince Lobkowitz
Lieder and songs for solo voice and piano
  • WoO 107–130: Twenty-four songs
  • WoO 131: Unfinshed song "Erlkönig"
  • WoO 132: Song "Als die Geliebte sich trennen wollte"
  • WoO 133: Song "In questa tomba oscura"
  • WoO 134: Song "Sehnsucht" in four settings
  • WoO 135–151: Seventeen Songs
Folksong arrangements for one or more voices, with piano trio accompaniment
  • WoO 152: Twenty-five Irish folksongs
  • WoO 153: Twenty Irish folksongs
  • WoO 154: Twelve Irish folksongs
  • WoO 155: Twenty-six Welsh folksongs
  • WoO 156: Twelve Scottish folksongs
  • WoO 157: Twelve folksongs of various nationalities
  • WoO 158a: Twenty-three continental folksongs
  • WoO 158b: Seven British folksongs
  • WoO 158c: Six assorted folksongs
  • WoO 158d: "Air Français"
Vocal canons
  • WoO 159–198: Forty-three Canons
Musical jokes, quips, and dedications
  • WoO 199: Musical joke "Ich bin der Herr von zu"
  • WoO 200: Piano Exercise "O Hoffnung!"
  • WoO 201: Musical joke "Ich bin bereit!"
  • WoO 202: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (first version)
  • WoO 203: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (second version)
  • WoO 204: Musical joke "Holz, Holz, Geigt die Quartette So"
  • WoO 205: Ten musical quips (Kinsky's word is "Notenscherze") from Beethoven's letters

[edit] Works with Anhang (Anh) numbers

These are works from the Appendix (Anhang in German) of Kinsky's catalog that were attributed to Beethoven at the time the catalog was compiled, but might not have been written by him.

Anh 7 through 18 are works known by Kinsky to not have been written by Beethoven, but that were previously falsely attributed to him.[citation needed]

[edit] Selected works with Hess (H) numbers

These works have numbers that were assigned by Willy Hess. Many of the works in the Hess catalog also have WoO numbers; those entries are not listed here.

  • H 12: Oboe Concerto in F (lost; only incipits and draft of 2nd movement extant) [1]
  • H 13: Romance in E minor for 3 soloists and orchestra
  • H 15: Piano Concerto No. 6 (unfinished)
  • H 19: Wind quintet in E-flat major
  • H 28: Movement in A-flat major for string trio
  • H 29: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 30: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 31: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 33: Minuet for string quartet
  • H 34: String Quartet arrangement of Opus 14 No. 1
  • H 36: Handel Fugue arranged for String Quartet
  • H 38: Bach Fugue arranged for String Quartet
  • H 39: String Quintet in F major (lost)
  • H 40: Movement in D minor for String Quintet
  • H 46: Violin Sonata in A major
  • H 48: Allegretto in E-flat major for piano trio
  • H 64: Fugue for keyboard
  • H 65: Concerto excerpt (arrangement of Opus 37)
  • H 68: Ländler in C minor
  • H 69: Bagatelle in C minor for piano
  • H 87: March for piano (arrangement of WoO 29)
  • H 88: Minuet for piano (arrangement of Hess 33)
  • H 89: Musik zu einem Ritterballett (Music for a ballet on horseback) (piano arrangement of WoO 1)
  • H 90: The Creatures of Prometheus (piano arrangement of Opus 43)
  • H 91: Opferlied (piano arrangement of Opus 121b)
  • H 92: Bundeslied (piano arrangement of Opus 122)
  • H 93: "Freudvoll" (piano accompaniment for Opus 84)
  • H 97: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (piano arrangement of Opus 91)
  • H 99: March for piano (arrangement of WoO 18)
  • H 107: Grenadier's March
  • H 108: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (panharmonicon arrangement of Opus 91)
  • H 115: Vestas Feuer (unfinished Opera)
  • H 118: Music for The Consecration of the House (from Opus 113)
  • H 133: Folksong
  • H 134: Folksong
  • H 137: Song "Ich wiege dich" (lost)
  • H 139: Song "Minnesold" (lost)
  • H 143: Song "An die Freude" (lost)
  • H 152–207: Folksong settings
  • H 208–232: Italian partsongs
  • H 233–246: Counterpoint exercises
  • H 274–277: Four Canons
  • H 297: Adagio for three horns
  • H 300–301: Two Canons

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Leavis, Ralph; Stanley Sadie (1980). 'The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians'. Macmilllan Publishers Limited. ISBN 0-3332-3111-2. 
  2. ^ "Beethoven: The Immortal". Retrieved on 20 November 2008. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Howard Ferguson's 1986 edition of the Bagatelles for the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music includes six of the piano pieces without opus numbers as they are "very similar in character to Bagatelles, though lacking that specific title". Other sources vary in whether they describe individual pieces as bagatelles or by their tempo markings.

[edit] References

Catalogues and bibliographies
  • Biamonti, Giovanni. Catologo cronologo e tematico delle opere di Beethoven. Torino: ILTE, 1968. OCLC 2028666
    —Encompasses works with and without opus numbers, as well as sketches and fragments, in 849 chronologically arranged entries.
  • Green, James (ed. and trans). The new Hess catalog of Beethoven’s works. West Newbury, Vermont: Vance Brook, 2003. ISBN 0-964-05703-4.
    —An English translation of Willy Hess' important 1957 catalogue and study, updated to reflect more recent scholarship.
  • Hess, Willy. Verzeichnis der nicht in der Gesamtausgabe veröffentlichen Werke Ludwig van Beethovens. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1957. OCLC 18406510
    —Hess' original study and catalogue; still more widely available in libraries than Green's edition.
  • Johnson, Douglas and Scott G. Burnham. "Beethoven, Ludwig Van (Works)", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Subscription access). Accessed 19 April 2007.
    —Includes categorized works list with bibliographical and other information.
  • Kinsky, G. and H. Halm. Das Werk Beethovens: thematisch-bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner sämtlichen vollendeten Kompositionen. München: G. Henle, 1955. OCLC 334667
    —The standard thematic and bibliographical catalogue of Beethoven's works.
    —Full title (translated): Beethoven's Works: thematic and bibliographic catalogue of all his completed compositions by Georg Kinsky, completed and edited after the author's death by Hans Helm.
  • Nottebohm, Gustav. Thematisches Verzeichnis der im Druck erschienenen Werke von Ludwig van Beethoven. Leipzig, Breitkopf & Härtel, 1925 OCLC 4763103. Reprinted Wiesbaden: M. Sändig, 1969 OCLC 1828776.
    —Historically important thematic catalogue, by a pioneering 19th Century Beethoven scholar.
  • Solomon, Maynard. Beethoven (1st edition). New York: Schirmer, 1977. ISBN 0-02-872460-7. pp. 372, 386–391.
    —Popular biographical study; includes bibliographical notes and (incomplete) works lists.
Works collections (scores)
  • Ludwig van Beethovens Werke: Vollständige kritisch durchgesehene überall berechtigte Ausgabe. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel,
    vols i–xxiv, 1862–65; vol xxv (supplement), 1888. OCLC 24931728
    —Original critical "complete works" edition, commonly known as the Beethoven Gesamtausgabe.
  • Beethoven: Sämtliche Werke: Supplemente zur Gesamtausgabe, ed. W. Hess. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1959. OCLC 13654118
    —Hess's supplement to the 19th century Breitkopf edition.
  • Beethovens Werke: neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, ed. Joseph Schmidt-Görg, Martin Staehelin, et al. München: G. Henle, 1961 – (current). OCLC 13654118
    —New critical edition, "herausgaben vom Beethoven-Archiv, Bonn"; 56 volumes in 13 categories, 36 volumes released as of January 2009.

[edit] External links

Personal tools