Kate Bush

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Kate Bush
Kate Bush about to perform at Comic Relief 1986
Kate Bush about to perform at Comic Relief 1986
Background information
Birth name Catherine Bush
Born 30 July 1958 (1958-07-30) (age 50) Bexleyheath, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Genre(s) Alternative rock, art rock, pop rock
Occupation(s) Musician, vocalist, songwriter, record producer
Instrument(s) Vocals, piano, keyboards, bass, guitar, violin
Voice type(s) Soprano (early career), Mezzo Soprano (later career)
Years active 1975–present
Label(s) EMI Records
Columbia Records Flag of the United States
Website www.katebush.com

Kate Bush (born Catherine Bush on 30 July 1958) is an English singer-songwriter, musician and record producer. Her eclectic musical style and idiosyncratic lyrics have made her one of England's most successful solo female performers of the past 30 years having sold over 20,000,000 records worldwide. Bush was signed by EMI at the age of 16 after being recommended by Pink Floyd's David Gilmour. In 1978, at age 19, she topped the UK Singles Chart for four weeks with her debut song "Wuthering Heights", becoming the first woman to have a UK number-one with a self-written song.

After her 1979 tour—the only concert tour of her career—Bush released the 1980 album Never for Ever, which made her the first solo female British singer to top the UK album charts. In 1987, she won a BRIT Award for Best British Female Solo Artist. She has released eight albums, three of which topped the UK Albums Chart, and has had UK top ten hit singles with "Running Up That Hill", "King of the Mountain", "Babooshka", "The Man with the Child in His Eyes", and "Don't Give Up".

In 2002, her songwriting ability was recognised with an Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music. In 2005, Bush released Aerial, her first album in 12 years. The album was a commercial success selling over 1,200,000 copies in the first five months after its release and earned her a BRIT Award nomination for Best Album and another for Best Solo Female Artist. During the course of her career she has also been nominated for three Grammy Awards.


[edit] Biography

[edit] Early life

Bush was born in Bexleyheath, Kent, to English physician Robert Bush and his Irish wife Hannah Daly.[1] She was raised in their farmhouse in East Wickham, Kent, with her older brothers, John and Paddy.[2] Bush came from an artistic background: her mother was a former Irish folk dancer, her father was an accomplished pianist, Paddy worked as a musical-instrument maker, and John was a poet and photographer. Both brothers were involved in the local folk music scene.[3] Her family's musical influence inspired the young Kate to teach herself to play the piano at age 11. She soon began writing her own tunes and eventually added lyrics to them.[4]

Bush attended St. Joseph's Convent Grammar School (later the St Joseph's Campus of Bexley College) and a Catholic girls' school, on Woolwich Road in Abbey Wood, London, in the mid-1970s. During this time her family produced a demo tape with over 50 of her compositions which was turned down by record labels. David Gilmour of Pink Floyd received the demo from Ricky Hopper, a mutual friend of Gilmour and the Bush family. Impressed with what he heard, Gilmour helped Bush get a more professional-sounding demo tape recorded that would be more saleable to the record companies.[5] The tape was produced by Gilmour's friend Andrew Powell, who would go on to produce Bush's first two albums.[4] The tape was sent to EMI executive Terry Slater who would become famous for signing The Sex Pistols. Slater was impressed by the tape and signed her.[6] At that time Pink Floyd was an important act to EMI. The mid 1970s were a stagnant time in the history of the British record industry. Progressive rock was very popular and visually-oriented rock performers were growing in popularity thus record labels looking for the next big thing were considering experimental acts.

For the first two years of her contract, Bush spent more time on schoolwork than making an album. She left school after doing her mock A-levels and having gained ten GCE O-Level qualifications.[7] In 2005, Bush stated in an interview with Mark Radcliffe on BBC Radio 2 that she believed EMI signed her before she was ready to make an album so that no other record company could offer her a contract. After the contract signing, EMI forwarded her a sizable advance which she used to enroll in interpretive dance classes taught by Lindsay Kemp, who was also a former teacher of David Bowie.[8]

Bush also wrote and made demos of close to 200 songs, a few of which today can be found on bootleg recordings and are known as the Phoenix Recordings.[9] From March to August 1977, she fronted the KT Bush Band at public houses around London - specifically at the Rose of Lee public house (now Dirty South) in Lewisham. The other three band members were Del Palmer (bass), Brian Bath (guitar), and Vic King (drums). She began recording her first album in August 1977,[4] although two tracks had been recorded during the summer of 1975.

[edit] Wuthering Heights, The Kick Inside and Lionheart

As part of her preparation for entering the studio, Bush toured pubs with the KT Bush Band. However, for her debut album The Kick Inside (1978) she was persuaded to use established session musicians, some of whom she would retain even after she had brought her bandmates back on board.[10] Her brother Paddy Bush played the harmonica and mandolin, unlike on later albums where he would play more exotic instruments such as the balalaika and didgeridoo. Stuart Elliott played some of the drums and would become her main percussionist on subsequent albums,[11] along with session drummer Charlie Morgan, who later went on to work regularly with Elton John. Preston Heyman was credited with some subsequent studio work but mostly performed on Bush's live tour of 1979.

Bush released The Kick Inside when she was 19 years old, but some of the songs had been written when she was as young as 13.[12] EMI originally wanted the more rock-oriented track "James and the Cold Gun" to be her debut single, but Bush insisted that it should be "Wuthering Heights". Even at this early stage of her career, she had gained a reputation for her determination to have a say in decisions affecting her work.[4] "Wuthering Heights" topped the UK and Australian charts and became an international hit. Bush became the first woman to reach number one in the UK charts with a self-penned song.[13] A second single, "The Man with the Child in His Eyes", reached number six on the UK charts.[14] It also made it onto the American Billboard Hot 100 where it reached number 85 in early 1979, but it was Bush's only single to do so for nearly another seven years. "The Man with the Child in His Eyes" went on to win her an Ivor Novello Award in 1979 for Outstanding British Lyric.[15]

EMI capitalised on Bush's appearance by promoting the album with a poster of her in a tight pink top that emphasised her breasts. In an interview with NME magazine in 1982, Bush criticised the marketing technique, stating: "People weren't even generally aware that I wrote my own songs or played the piano. The media just promoted me as a female body. It's like I've had to prove that I'm an artist in a female body."[4] In late 1978, EMI persuaded Bush to quickly record a follow-up album, Lionheart, to take advantage of the success of The Kick Inside. Bush has often expressed dissatisfaction with Lionheart, feeling that she needed more time to get it right. The album was rushed out of the studio in Nice on the French Riviera, making this her only album to be wholly recorded outside the UK. The album was produced by Andrew Powell, assisted by Bush. While it has its share of hits, most notably "Wow", it did not receive the same reception as her first album, reaching number six in the UK album charts.[16] Lionheart is the first record on which her then-boyfriend Del Palmer worked as a bassist. Palmer went on to play bass or to engineer and record every album since.

Bush was displeased with being rushed into making the second album. She set up her own publishing company, Kate Bush Music, and her own management company, Novercia, in order to maintain complete control over her work. The board of directors of these companies was herself and members of her family.[4] Following the album's release, she was required by EMI to undertake heavy promotional work and an exhausting tour, the only one of her career.[17] The tour, named The Tour of Life, began in April 1979 and lasted six weeks. Typical of her determination to have control, she was involved in every aspect of the show's production, choreography, set design, and staff recruitment.[4] During the tour, Bush became the first singer to use a wireless headset radio microphone on stage,[18] which allowed her to incorporate extensive dance routines into her live shows.

However, Bush disliked the exposure and the celebrity lifestyle associated with promotional work, given that her main priority was making music. As she moved into producing her own work, Bush began a slow and steady withdrawal from public life. It was at this stage of her career that she developed her perfectionist approach, in which she spent long periods of time in the studio, only meeting the press when albums were released. Bush would disappear for up to four years while honing new material, which led to rumours in the press concerning her health or appearance.[19] In the past, stories of weight gain or mental instability have been disproved by Bush's periodic reappearance.[20]

[edit] Never For Ever and The Dreaming

Released in September 1980, Never for Ever saw Bush's second foray into production, co-producing with Jon Kelly. Her first time as a producer was on her Live On Stage EP, released after her tour the previous year.[12] The first two albums had resulted in a definitive sound evident in every track, with orchestral arrangements supporting the live band sound. The range of styles on Never for Ever is much more diverse, veering from the straightforward rocker "Violin" to the wistful waltz of hit single "Army Dreamers". Never for Ever was the first Kate Bush album to be composed on synthesizers and drum machines, in particular the Fairlight CMI, to which she was introduced when providing backing vocals on Peter Gabriel's third album in early 1980.[4] It was her first record to reach the top position in the UK album charts, also making her the first female Briton ever to achieve that status.[7] The top-selling single from the album was "Babooshka", which reached number five in the UK singles chart.[21] In November 1980, she released the Christmas single "December Will Be Magic Again", which reached number 29 in the UK charts. This was a stand-alone single not featured on any album and was recorded a year earlier, but was not ready in time for the Christmas market.

September 1982 saw the release of The Dreaming, the first album Bush produced entirely by herself. With her new-found freedom, she experimented with production techniques, creating an album that features a diverse blend of musical styles and is known for its near-exhaustive use of the Fairlight CMI. The Dreaming received a mixed critical reception in the UK at first. Many were baffled by the dense soundscapes Bush had created, and some critics accused the album of being over-produced. In a 1993 interview with Q, Bush stated: "That was my 'She's gone mad' album."[4] However, the album was hailed as a "masterpiece" and a "musical tour-de-force" by critics in America, and the album became her first to enter the US charts, albeit only reaching number 157.[4] Despite singles from the album faring relatively badly in the UK charts, the album was a commercial success, peaking at number three in the UK album chart.[22]

"Sat in Your Lap" was the first single from the album to be released. It pre-dated the album by over a year and peaked at number 11 in the UK. The following singles fared much worse. The album's title track, featuring the talents of Rolf Harris and Percy Edwards, stalled at number 48, while the third single, "There Goes a Tenner", failed to chart at all, despite promotion from EMI and Bush. The album's most critically-acclaimed track, "Suspended in Gaffa", was surprisingly not released as a single in the UK.

Bush was in her early twenties when making the album and tended to look outside her own personal experience for sources of inspiration. She drew on old crime films for the track "There Goes A Tenner", a documentary about the war in Vietnam for "Pull Out The Pin", and the plight of Indigenous Australians for "The Dreaming". "Houdini" is about the magician's death, and "Get Out Of My House" was inspired by Stanley Kubrick's film of Stephen King's novel The Shining. The album does contain a few introspective songs. The lead single, "Sat In Your Lap", examines feelings of self-doubt versus burning self-confidence and the search for a balance between the two. "Leave It Open" speaks of the need to acknowledge and express the darker sides of one's personality within the greater context of maintaining an open mind.[23]

[edit] Hounds of Love Era and The Whole Story

In August 1985, the NME featured Bush in a "Where Are They Now" article. Two days later, on The Wogan Show, the single "Running Up That Hill" was played for the first time. Considered by many reviewers to be her masterpiece, Hounds of Love (1985) is no less experimental than previous albums from a production standpoint. Because of the high cost of hiring studio space for her previous album, she built a private studio near her home, where she could work at her own pace.[24] Hounds of Love ultimately topped the charts in the UK, knocking Madonna's Like a Virgin from the number one position.[25]

The album is split into two sides. The first side, Hounds of Love, contains five "accessible" pop songs (each examining a particular type of love), including the four singles "Running Up That Hill", "Cloudbusting", "Hounds of Love", and "The Big Sky". "Running Up That Hill" re-introduced Bush to American listeners and received considerable airplay at the time of its release. It expanded her small, but loyal, American fan base and climbed to number 30 on the Billboard Hot 100 in November 1985. The second side of the album, The Ninth Wave, takes its name from a poem by Tennyson.[26] Each of its tracks conveys the story of a woman who is lost at sea and facing the threat of drowning.

The album earned Bush nominations for Best Female Solo Artist, Best Album, Best Single, and Best Producer at the 1986 BRIT Awards. In the same year, Bush and Peter Gabriel had a UK top ten hit with "Don't Give Up", and EMI released her "greatest hits" album, The Whole Story, for which she recorded the single "Experiment IV" and provided new vocals to "Wuthering Heights". Bush won the award for Best Female Solo Artist at the 1987 BRIT Awards.

[edit] The Sensual World and The Red Shoes

The increasingly personal tone of her writing continued on 1989's The Sensual World, with songs about unexpressed and unrequited love ("Love and Anger" and "Never Be Mine", respectively), the pressures on modern relationships ("Between a Man and a Woman"), and self-doubt and how it interfaces with parental comfort ("The Fog"). One of the quirkiest tracks on the album, touched by Bush's black humour, is "Heads We're Dancing", about a woman who dances all night with a charming stranger only to find out in the morning that he is Adolf Hitler.

The title track drew its inspiration from James Joyce's novel Ulysses. Bush realised that the text from Molly Bloom's Soliloquy fitted the music she had created. When the Joyce estate refused to release the text, Bush wrote original lyrics that echo the original passage, as Molly steps from the pages of the book and revels in the real world.[27]

The album contains extensive analogue overdubbing, noticeable as a lack of clarity to the recording.[28] The songs "Deeper Understanding", "Never Be Mine", and "Rocket's Tail" all feature backing vocals by the Bulgarian vocal ensemble the Trio Bulgarka, "Between a man and a woman" features backing vocals by breton folk-pop singer Alan Stivell, also playing the celtic harp. The Sensual World went on to become her biggest-selling album in the US, receiving an RIAA Gold certification four years after its release for 500,000 copies sold. In the United Kingdom album charts, it reached the number two position.[29]

In 1990, she sang and produced a cover of Alan Stivell's song Metig, for his "greatest hits" album Again.

In 1991, Bush released a cover of Elton John's "Rocket Man", which reached number 12 in the UK singles chart[30] and in 2007 was voted the greatest cover ever by readers of The Observer newspaper.[31] The Red Shoes was released in November 1993. The Red Shoes features more high-profile cameo appearances than Bush's previous efforts, including contributions from composer and conductor Michael Kamen, comedian Lenny Henry, Prince, Eric Clapton, Gary Brooker of Procol Harum, Trevor Whittaker, and Jeff Beck also donated their talents to the recording. The album gave Bush her highest chart position in the US, reaching number 28, although the only song from the album to make the US singles chart was "Rubberband Girl", which peaked at number 88 in January 1994. The single fared better in Europe, breaking the top 20 in the UK and Ireland. The album reached number two in the UK.[32] That same year, the film The Line, the Cross & the Curve, written and directed by Bush, and starring Bush and English actress Miranda Richardson,[33] used six of the songs on the album.

The initial plan had been to take the songs out on the road, and so Bush deliberately aimed for a live-band feel, with less of the studio trickery that had typified her last three albums and that would be difficult to recreate on stage.[34] The result alienated some of her fan base, who enjoyed the intricacy of her earlier compositions,[35] but others found a new complexity in the lyrics and the emotions they expressed.[36]

This was a troubled time for Bush. She had suffered a series of bereavements, including the loss of her favoured guitarist Alan Murphy, and, most painfully, her mother Hannah.[7] Many of the people she lost are honoured in the ballad "Moments Of Pleasure", including Michael Powell (director of the film The Red Shoes), with whom she had discussed working shortly before his death. Her long-term romantic relationship with Del Palmer had also broken down, although the pair continued to work together.

[edit] Return with Aerial and beyond

After the release of The Red Shoes, Bush dropped out of the public eye for many years, although her name occasionally cropped up in the media with rumours of a new album release. Bush had originally intended to take one year off but despite working on material 12 years would pass before her next album release. [37] The press often viewed her as an eccentric recluse, sometimes drawing a comparison with Miss Havisham from Charles Dickens's Great Expectations.[13] In reality, she was trying to give her young son a normal childhood, away from the world of show business and needed a quiet place for her creative process to function.[37] In 1998, Bush gave birth to Albert, known as "Bertie", fathered by her guitarist and now-husband Danny McIntosh.[7] [38] On the few occasions she has spoken to the press since, she has made it clear that motherhood has made her extremely happy. After living for many years in a large and secluded Victorian house on Court Road, between Mottingham and Eltham in her native southeast London, the couple and their son presently have two homes: a £2.5 million house in Salcombe in the South Hams on the Devon coast[38] and a mansion on an island on the Kennet and Avon canal at Sulhamstead in West Berkshire.[39]. A proposed Marine Bill if passed would mandate an access corridor that would allow anyone to transverse on part of her Devon property.[40]

Bush's eighth studio album, Aerial, was released on double CD and vinyl in November 2005.[7] The anticipation leading up to the album's release was immense, with press articles devoted to Bush being printed months before the album's release.[41] Members of the press invited to hear the album for pre-release review purposes were subjected to searches for personal recording equipment, and the album itself was played to them from a sealed CD machine bolted to the floor. The first single from the album was "King of the Mountain". The track was played for the first time on BBC Radio 2 on 21 September 2005 and was made available for download on 27 September 2005.[42] Aerial is one of Bush's most critically acclaimed albums.[43]

As on Hounds of Love (1985), the double album is split into two sections. The first disc, subtitled A Sea of Honey, features a set of unrelated themed songs, including "King of the Mountain"; "Bertie", a Renaissance-style ode to her son; and "Joanni", based on the story of Joan of Arc. In the song "π", Bush sings the number to its 137th decimal place, although for an unknown reason she omits the 79th to 100th decimal places. The piano and vocal piece "A Coral Room", which deals with the loss of Bush's mother and the passage of time, was hailed by sections of the British media as "stunning" in its simplicity,[44] "profoundly moving", [45] and one of the most beautiful pieces Bush has ever recorded.[45] The second disc, subtitled A Sky of Honey, features thematically related songs linked by the presence of bird song. The album's cover art, which seems to show a mountain range at sunset over a sea, is in fact a waveform that represents birdsong. It also features her own "KT" symbol, which appears, slightly hidden, on several of her previous album covers, videos and promotional materials. All the pieces in this suite refer or allude to air or sky in their lyrical content. A Sky of Honey features Rolf Harris playing the didgeridoo on one track, as he did on the 1982 single "The Dreaming", and providing vocals on the track "The Painter's Link". Other artists making guest appearances on the album include Peter Erskine, Eberhard Weber, Lol Creme, and Gary Brooker. Two tracks feature string arrangements by the late Michael Kamen, performed by the London Metropolitan Orchestra.[46]

"King of the Mountain" entered the UK Downloads Chart at number six on 17 October 2005,[47] and by 30 October it had become Bush's third-highest-charting single ever in the UK, peaking at number four on the full chart. Aerial entered the UK Albums Chart at number three, selling more than 90,000 copies in its first week of release. In the US it entered at number 48 with over 23,000 copies sold. Within five months of its release, the album had sold more than 1.1 million copies worldwide. Bush herself carried out relatively little publicity for the album, only conducting a handful of magazine and radio interviews. Aerial earned Bush two nominations at the 2006 BRIT Awards, for Best British Female Solo Artist and Best British Album.[48]

In an interview with Weekend Australian, published in December 2005, Bush stated that Aerial was not meant to be her last work and that she wished to continue writing and recording music. On 13 March 2006, EMI re-released all Bush's previous albums, including her greatest hits album The Whole Story, on compact disc with cardboard cases made to look like the original vinyl pressings. In 2007, it was reported that Bush had met Placebo after they had recorded a cover of "Running up that Hill" and told them she liked their version.[49] She sent what was described as a "very amusing" good luck message to BBC Radio 2 disc jockey Mark Radcliffe after his show moved to a new time slot and also wrote the foreword for the David Bowie Special Edition of Mojo magazine.[50] That same year Bush recorded a song for the film adaptation of The Golden Compass entitled "Lyra", played over the end credits of the film.

[edit] Musical style

Her music has also been eclectic, utilizing various styles of music even within the same album. Her songs have spanned across genres as diverse as rock, pop, alternative, jazz, folk, ska, samba, and New Wave. Even in her earliest works where the piano was a primary instrument, Bush wove together many diverse influences, melding classical music, rock, and a wide range of ethnic and folk sources, and this has continued throughout her career.

In an interview with Melody Maker magazine in 1977, she revealed that male artists had more influence on her work than females, stating:

Every female you see at a piano is either Lynsey De Paul, or Carole King. And most male music—not all of it but the good stuff—really lays it on you. It really puts you against the wall and that's what I like to do. I'd like my music to intrude. Not many females succeed with that.[4]

The experimental nature of her music has led it to be described as a later, more technological, and more accessible manifestation of the British progressive rock movement that gave rise to the bands Genesis, Yes, King Crimson, and Pink Floyd.[51] Like artists in the prog rock genre, Bush rejects the classic American style of making pop music, which was adopted by most UK pop artists. Influenced by the vocal style of the singer Bryan Ferry, Bush sings with an overtly English accent, and her lyrics tend to be more unusual and less clichéd than American-style pop lyrics, often employing historical or literary references.[52] The musical instruments used in her songs and the way instruments are played commonly differs from the American norm.[52]

More than one reviewer has used the term "surreal" to describe much of her music. Many of her songs have a melodramatic emotional and musical surrealism that defies easy categorization.[53] It has been observed that even the more joyous pieces are often tinged with traces of melancholy, and even the most sorrowful pieces have elements of vitality struggling against all that would oppress them.[54]

Bush is not afraid to tackle sensitive and taboo subjects.[55] "The Kick Inside" is based on a traditional English folk song (The Ballad of Lucy Wan) about an incestuous pregnancy and a resulting suicide;[56] "Kashka From Baghdad" is a song about a homosexual male couple;[57] Out magazine listed two of her albums in their Top 100 Greatest Gayest albums list.[58][59] "The Infant Kiss" is a song about a haunted, unstable woman's almost pedophiliac infatuation with a young boy in her care (inspired by Jack Clayton's film The Innocents (1961), which had been based on Henry James's famous novella The Turn of the Screw);[60] and "Breathing" explores the results of nuclear fallout from the perspective of an unborn child in the womb.[61] Her lyrics have referenced a wide array of subject matter, often relatively obscure, such as Wilhelm Reich in "Cloudbusting" and G. I. Gurdjieff in "Them Heavy People", while "Deeper Understanding", from The Sensual World, portrays a person who stays indoors, obsessively talking to a computer and shunning human contact.

Comedy is also a big influence on her and is a significant component of her work. She has cited Woody Allen,[62] Monty Python, Fawlty Towers, and The Young Ones[19] as particular favourites. Horror movies are another interest of Bush's and have influenced the gothic nature of several of her songs, such as "Get Out Of My House", inspired by Stanley Kubrick's The Shining, and "Hounds of Love", inspired by the 1957 horror movie Night Of The Demon.[63] Her songs have occasionally combined comedy and horror to form dark humour, such as murder by poisoning in "Coffee Homeground", an alcoholic mother in "Ran Tan Waltz" and the upbeat "The Wedding List", a song inspired by François Truffaut's 1967 film of Cornell Woolrich's The Bride Wore Black about the death of a groom and the bride's subsequent revenge against the killer.[64]

[edit] Live performances

Bush's only tour took place 2 April – 13 May 1979, after which she gave only the occasional live performance. Several reasons have been suggested as to why she abandoned touring, among them her reputed need to be in total control of the final product, which is incompatible with live stage performance, a rumour of a crippling fear of flying,[27] and the suggestion that the death of 21-year-old Bill Duffield severely affected her. Duffield, her lighting director, was killed in an accident during her 2 April 1979 concert at Poole Arts Centre.[12] Bush held a benefit concert on 12 May 1979, with Peter Gabriel and Steve Harley at London's Hammersmith Odeon for his family. Duffield would be honoured in two later songs: "Blow Away" on Never for Ever and "Moments of Pleasure" on The Red Shoes. Bush explained in a BBC Radio 2 interview with Mark Radcliffe that she actually enjoyed the tour but was consumed with producing her subsequent records, being more involved with the recording process than most artists.[citation needed]

During the same period as her tour, she made numerous television appearances around the world, including Top of the Pops in the United Kingdom, Bios Bahnhof in Germany, and Saturday Night Live in the United States (with Paul Shaffer on piano).[65] On 28 December 1979 BBC TV aired the Kate Bush Christmas Special. It was recorded in October 1979 at the BBC Studios in Birmingham, England. As well as playing songs from her first two albums, she played "December Will Be Magic Again", and "Violin" from her forthcoming album, Never for Ever. Peter Gabriel made a guest appearance to play "Here Comes the Flood", and a duet of Roy Harper's "Another Day" with Bush.[66]

In 1982 Bush participated in the first benefit concert in aid of The Prince's Trust alongside artists such as Madness, Midge Ure, Phil Collins, Mick Karn and Pete Townshend. On 25 April 1986 Bush performed live for British charity event Comic Relief, singing "Do Bears... ?", a humorous duet with Rowan Atkinson, and a rendition of "Breathing". Later in the year on 28 June 1986 she made a guest appearance to duet with Peter Gabriel on "Don't Give Up" at Earl's Court, London as part of his "So" tour. In March 1987, Bush sang "Running Up That Hill" at The Secret Policeman's Third Ball, with David Gilmour on guitar.[citation needed]

On the 17th January 2002, Bush appeared with Gilmour singing the part of the doctor in "Comfortably Numb" at the Royal Festival Hall in London.

[edit] Video projects

Bush has appeared in many innovative music videos designed to accompany her singles releases. Among the best known are those for "Running Up That Hill", "Babooshka", "Breathing", "Wuthering Heights", "Them Heavy People", "The Man with the Child in His Eyes", which was the 55th video played on the first day of MTV, and "Cloudbusting", featuring actor Donald Sutherland, who made time during the filming of another project to take part in the video [67]. EMI has released a few collections of her videos, including The Single File, Hair of the Hound, The Whole Story, and The Sensual World, as well as an abridged concert video of her 1979 tour Live at Hammersmith Odeon.

In 1993, she directed and starred in the short film, The Line, the Cross & the Curve, a musical co-starring Miranda Richardson featuring music from Bush's album The Red Shoes, which was inspired by the classic movie of the same name. It was released on VHS in the UK in 1994 and also received a small number of cinema screenings around the world. Overall it was a critical failure. In recent interviews, Bush has said that she considers it a failure, and stated in 2001: "I'm very pleased with four minutes of it, but I'm very disappointed with the rest."[68]. In a 2005 interview she went as far as to describe the film as "A load of bollocks"[69].

In 1994, Bush provided the music used in series of psychedelic-themed television commercials for the soft drink Fruitopia that appeared in the United States. The same company aired the ads in the United Kingdom, but the British version featured Elizabeth Fraser of Cocteau Twins instead of Bush.[70]

Several collections of Bush's music videos have been released on VHS, most notably The Single File, which contained videos predating the Hounds of Love album; Hair of the Hound, containing videos concerning that album; and The Whole Story, a career video overview released in conjunction with the 1986 compilation album of the same title. In late 2006, a DVD documentary entitled Kate Bush Under Review was released by Sexy Intellectual, which included archival interviews with Bush, along with interviews with a selection of music historians and journalists (including Phil Sutcliffe, Nigel Williamson, and Morris Pert). The DVD also includes clips from several of Bush's music videos.[71] As of 2008, a DVD collection of Bush's videography from 1978 to 2005 had yet to be released.

On 2 December 2008 the DVD collection of the fourth season of Saturday Night Live including her performances was released.[72] A three DVD set of The Secret Policeman's Balls benefit concerts that includes Bush's performance was released on 27 January, 2009.[73]

[edit] Movie projects

In 1990, Bush starred in the black comedy film Les Dogs, produced by The Comic Strip for BBC television. Beginning in 1982 on the UK's Channel 4, The Comic Strip Presents ... offered a series of comedy films featuring comedians including Rik Mayall, Dawn French, Jennifer Saunders, and Robbie Coltrane. The movies were usually written and produced by Peter Richardson, who often also acted. In Les Dogs, aired on 8 March 1990, Bush plays the bride Angela at a wedding set in a post-apocalyptic version of Britain. While Bush's is a silent presence in a wedding dress throughout most of the film, she does have several lines of dialogue with Peter Richardson in two dream sequences. In another Comic Strip Presents film, GLC, she produced the theme song "Ken" which includes a vocal performance by Bush. She also produced all the incidental music, which is synthesizer based.

Bush wrote and performed the song "The Magician", in a fairground-like arrangement, for Menahem Golan's 1979 film The Magician of Lublin.[74] In 1985, Bush contributed a darkly melancholic version of the Ary Barroso song "Brazil" to the soundtrack of the Terry Gilliam film Brazil. The track was scored and arranged by Michael Kamen. In 1986, she wrote and recorded "Be Kind To My Mistakes" for the Nicolas Roeg film Castaway. An edited version of this track was used as the B side to her 1989 single "This Woman's Work" and subsequently appeared the following year on one of the albums of B-sides included in her album box set, also entitled "This Woman's Work". In 1988, the song "This Woman's Work" was featured in the John Hughes film She's Having A Baby a year before a very slightly remixed version appeared on Bush's album The Sensual World.

In 1999, Bush wrote and recorded a song for the Disney film Dinosaur, but the track was ultimately not included on the soundtrack. According to the winter 1999 issue of HomeGround, a Kate Bush fanzine, it was scrapped when Disney asked Bush to rewrite the song and Bush refused.

The Man with the Child in His Eyes is on the soundtrack for the 2007 British romantic comedy film Starter for Ten.[75]

Bush provided an original song, "Lyra", for the closing credits of the 2007 film The Golden Compass. The song is written and produced by Bush in her own studio and features the Magdalen College Choir. The title refers to Lyra Belacqua, the lead character in the film. Bush writing on her website called the trilogy "a masterpiece" and said she was "thrilled" to be asked to write the song. According to Del Palmer, Bush was asked to do the song on very short notice and the whole project was completed in 10 days.[76] "Lyra" was nominated for the International Press Academy's Satellite Award for original song in a motion picture.[77]

[edit] Collaborations

Bush provided vocals on two of Peter Gabriel's albums, including the hits "Games Without Frontiers" and "Don't Give Up", as well as "No Self-Control". Gabriel appeared on Bush's 1979 television special, where they sang a duet of Roy Harper's "Another Day". She has also sung on the title song of the 1986 Big Country album The Seer, the Midge Ure song "Sister and Brother" from his 1988 album Answers to Nothing, Go West's 1987 single "The King Is Dead" and two songs with Prince - "Why Should I Love You?", from her 1993 album The Red Shoes, and in 1996, the song "My Computer" from Prince's album Emancipation. In 1987, she sang a verse on the charity single "Let It Be" by Ferry Aid. She also sang a line on the charity single "Spirit of the Forest" by Spirit of the Forest in 1989. In 1995, Bush covered George Gershwin's "The Man I Love" for the tribute album The Glory of Gershwin. In 1996, Bush contributed a version of "Mná na hÉireann" (Irish for Women of Ireland) for the Anglo-Irish folk-rock compilation project Common Ground: The Voices of Modern Irish Music. Bush had to sing the song in Irish, which she learned to do phonetically.[78] Artists that have contributed to Bush's own albums include Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, David Gilmour, Nigel Kennedy, Gary Brooker, and Prince. Bush provided backing vocals for a song that was recorded during the 1990’s entitled Wouldn't Change a Thing by Lionel Azulay the drummer with the original band that was later to become the KT Bush Band. The song which was engineered and produced by Del Palmer is available for download and will be on Azulay’s upcoming CD.[79][80]

Bush declined a request by Erasure to produce one of their albums because "she didn’t feel that that was her area."[81]

[edit] Influence

Kate has spawned a number of tribute acts. Including the "Dutch Kate Bush"

From the 1980s onward it has become almost standard for individualistic female singer-songwriters to be compared to Bush by the media. She has been noted as an influence on artists as diverse as Alexz Johnson,[82] Antony and the Johnsons, Björk,[83] Bloc Party,[84] Coldplay,[85] Goldfrapp[86][87], Milla Jovovich,[88] Joanna Newsom, Mylène Farmer, KT Tunstall,[89] Lily Allen,[90][91] Muse, Elisa,[89] OutKast,[92] PJ Harvey,[24] [92] Darren Hayes, Tori Amos.[93],Little Boots[94][95], Kate Nash [96] and Florence and the Machine.[97][98]

Paula Cole, accepting the Best New Artist Grammy in 1996, named Bush as an influence. Ariel Pink wrote a tribute song for Kate titled "For Kate I Wait" on the album The Doldrums. George Michael chose "Army Dreamers" for his celebrity playlist on the iTunes website. The trip-hop artist Tricky has said about Bush: "I don't believe in God, but if I did, her music would be my bible".[7] Even the iconoclastic punk rocker John Lydon, better known as Johnny Rotten of the Sex Pistols, has declared her work to be "fucking brilliant" and has labelled her "a true original". Rotten once wrote a song for her titled "Bird in Hand" about exploitation of parrots that Bush rejected. Rotten theorized that Bush thought the song was insulting references aimed at her.[99][100] Suede front-man Brett Anderson has stated that "Wuthering Heights" was the first single he ever bought and mentioned "And Dream of Sheep" in Suede's song "These are the Sad Songs".[101] Marc Almond chose "Moments of Pleasure" as one of his 10 favourite songs on Radio 2 in June 2007, saying that the song had a profound influence on him when he was combating drug addiction in New York in the 1990s. In November 2006, the singer Rufus Wainwright named Bush as one of his top ten gay icons.[102] Outside music, Bush has been an inspiration to several fashion designers, most notably Hussein Chalayan.[103]

Many artists around the world have recorded cover versions of Bush songs, including Charlotte Church, The Futureheads (who had a UK top ten hit with a cover of "Hounds of Love"), Placebo, Pat Benatar, Hayley Westenra, Jane Birkin, Natalie Cole, Ra Ra Riot[104][105] and Maxwell.[106] Artists such as Tori Amos, Nolwenn Leroy (during her Histoires Naturelles Tour) and Happy Rhodes have covered her songs in live performances. Coldplay have said their track "Speed of Sound" was originally an attempt to re-create "Running Up That Hill".[85] The British dance act Utah Saints sampled a line from "Cloudbusting" for their single, "Something Good", which reached number four on the UK singles chart in 1992. Their remix "Something Good 08" reached number eight on the UK chart in February 2008.[30] In 2009 John Forté a Grammy nominated musician whose jail sentence for a drug offense was commuted by President Bush released a hip hop version of Running Up That Hill.[107]

In December 2008 writer Paul Cornell wrote "The work of Kate Bush has been important to me, and influenced my writing, for many years now"[108]

[edit] Discography

[edit] Studio albums

[edit] Compilation albums

[edit] See also

[edit] Further reading

[edit] References

  1. ^ Sweeting, Adam (2005-10-02). "Kate Bush: Return of the recluse". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/kate-bush-return-of-the-recluse-509224.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-15. 
  2. ^ "Kate Bush". Salon.com. http://archive.salon.com/people/bc/2001/03/20/kate_bush/index.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  3. ^ Young, David (1978-12-02). "Haunting Kate Bush". NZ Listener. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gaar, Gillian (1993). She's a Rebel. 
  5. ^ Cowley, Jason (2005-02-07). "The Wow Factor". The New Statesman. 
  6. ^ "Kate Bush". EMI. http://www.emi-premier.co.uk/loader.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Williamson, Nigel (2005-10-02). "The Mighty Bush". Scotland on Sunday. 
  8. ^ "Today's Style And Looks". Face & Figure. 1979. 
  9. ^ "Demos: The Phoenix recordings". Last.fm. http://www.last.fm/music/Kate+Bush/Demos%253A+The+Phoenix+recordings+%252F+Studio+Sessions. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  10. ^ "Kate Bush Biography". Lyricsystem.com. http://www.lyricsystem.com/kate-bush/. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  11. ^ Lyrics booklets from Kate Bush's albums. EMI. 
  12. ^ a b c "Kate Bush—Singer-songwriter". BBC. 2005-02-04. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A3502568. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  13. ^ a b Barkham, Patrick (2005-09-30). "Guardian profile: Kate Bush". The Guardian. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1581815,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-10. 
  14. ^ "The Man with the Child in His Eyes". Songfacts.com. http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=4831. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  15. ^ "Awards Database". The Envelope. http://theenvelope.latimes.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  16. ^ The Whole Story album lyrics booklet. EMI. 1986. 
  17. ^ "Stand By Your Mantra". Classic Rock. 2004. 
  18. ^ Badhorn, Philippe (February 006). "Interview in Rolling Stone (France)". Rolling Stone. 
  19. ^ a b "Little Miss Can't Be Wrong". Q magazine. December 1993. 
  20. ^ Ziegler, Mollie (2005-11-08). "The Return of a Sultry Songstress". The New York Sun. 
  21. ^ "Kate Bush". UnderGroundOnline. http://www.ugo.com/channels/music/features/bandsondemand/artist.aspx?artist=katebush&cat=Alternative&full=Kate%20Bush. Retrieved on 2007-07-27. 
  22. ^ "Kate Bush—The Albums". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A21197171. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  23. ^ Bush, Kate (October 1982). "Kate's KBC article Issue 12". KBC Newsletter. 
  24. ^ a b Ellen, Barbara (2005-10-02). "Comeback Kate". The Observer. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1582789,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  25. ^ Fitzgerald Morris, Peter (1997). Hounds of Love lyrics booklet. EMI. 
  26. ^ "Kate Bush radio interview". Rock Over London with Paul Cooke. 1985. 
  27. ^ a b Littlejohn, Maureen (March 1990). "The Sensual Woman". Network. 
  28. ^ "Review of The Sensual World". The Absolute Sound. March 1990. 
  29. ^ "Kate Bush Biography". Starpulse.com. http://www.starpulse.com/Music/Bush,_Kate/Biography/. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  30. ^ a b "UK Top 40 Hit Database". EveryHit.com. http://www.everyhit.com/. Retrieved on 2008-05-15. 
  31. ^ "The top 50 greatest covers as voted by you". The Observer. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/omm/ttremastered/story/0,,2166706,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. 
  32. ^ "Back On Stage After 12 Years". Softpedia.com. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Kate-Bush-Back-On-Stage-After-12-Years-7653.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. 
  33. ^ "The Line, The Cross & The Curve". Amazon.co.uk. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Kate-Bush-Line-Cross-Curve/dp/B00003JA23/ref=sr_1_2/202-4934390-5379062?ie=UTF8&s=video&qid=1177361909&sr=1-2. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. 
  34. ^ "Well red". Future Music. November 1993. 
  35. ^ Gettelman, Parry (1993). "The Red Shoes review". The Orlando Sentinel. 
  36. ^ "The Red Shoes review". Request. November 1993. 
  37. ^ a b The day I said sorry to Kylie, and other pop star encounters from the diary of DJ Mark Radcliffe Daily Mail 28 March, 2009
  38. ^ a b "Kate Bush and the war of Wuthering Heights". The Evening Standard. 5 May 2007. http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23395189-details/Kate+Bush+and+the+war+of+Wuthering+Heights/article.do. Retrieved on 2007-05-08. 
  39. ^ "£100K BILL FOR KATE". The Sunday Mirror. http://www.sundaymirror.co.uk/news/sunday/tm_method=full%26objectid=18238674%26siteid=98487-name_page.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-19. 
  40. ^ Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher champions Kate Bush's cause The Telegraph 7 December, 2008
  41. ^ "Kate Bush: The Sequel". The Independent. 2005-09-02. 
  42. ^ McKenna, Stephen (2005-09-02). "Kate Bush back on form with first single in 12 years". icScotland.com. http://icscotland.icnetwork.co.uk/whatson/whatson2/tm_objectid=16160326&method=full&siteid=50141&headline=kate-bush-back-on-form-with-first-single-in-12-years-name_page.html. 
  43. ^ "Aerial". MetaCritic.com. http://www.metacritic.com/music/artists/bushkate/aerial#critics. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  44. ^ Hilton, Boyd (2005-11-05). "Aerial review". Heat. 
  45. ^ a b Thompson, Ben (2006-11-05). "Ben Thompson reviews an album of two halves". Sunday Telegraph. 
  46. ^ Thrills, Adrian (2006-11-04). "Is this great Kate—or just Pi in the sky?". Daily Mail. 
  47. ^ "Official UK Download Chart Book" (PDF). DigitalStar.org.uk. http://www.distantstar.org.uk/DigitalDownloadChartBook.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  48. ^ "Search results for Kate Bush". The BRIT Awards. http://brits.co.uk/search/?q=kate+bush. Retrieved on 2007-02-15. 
  49. ^ "Going to extremes and liking it". The Denver Post. http://www.denverpost.com/headlines/ci_5646271. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. 
  50. ^ "Kate Bush News and Information". katebushnews.com. http://www.katebushnews.com/katenews.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. 
  51. ^ "Kate Bush Music Profile". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/artist/m5vr/. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  52. ^ a b Moy, Ron (2006). "Kate Bush and mythologies of Englishness". Popular Musicology Online. http://www.popular-musicology-online.com/issues/02/moy-01.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-06. 
  53. ^ Hudson, Sue. "The Back Page". Hi-Fi and Record Review. 
  54. ^ Davis, Erik (1993). "Red Shoes review". Spin. 
  55. ^ Solanas, Jane (1983). "The Barmy Dreamer". New Musical Express. 
  56. ^ Colin Irwin (November 1989). "Iron Maiden". Q magazine. 
  57. ^ Phil Sutcliffe (1980-08-30). "Labushka". Sounds. 
  58. ^ 100 Greatest Gayest Albums 51-60 Out Magazine
  59. ^ Top 100 Greatest Gayest albums 81-90 Out Magazine
  60. ^ "Kate Bush interview". Q Magazine. 1990. 
  61. ^ "Kate Bush interview". Smash Hits. 1980. 
  62. ^ Brown, Len (1989-10-07). "In the Realm of the Senses". New Musical Express. 
  63. ^ Sutcliffe, Phil (June 1991). "Hounds of Love Sleeve Notes". Q magazine. 
  64. ^ Colin Irwin (1980-10-04). "Paranoia and Passion of the Kate Inside". Melody Maker. 
  65. ^ Gambaccini, Paul (1993-11-24). "Kate Bush Smiles in Her New Red Shoes". New York Press. 
  66. ^ "Kate Bush - BBC Christmas Special 1979". http://gaffa.org/passing/v79_dec.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. 
  67. ^ "Kate Bush radio interview". CBAK 4011 (Australia). 1985. 
  68. ^ "The Big Sleep". Q magazine. 2001. http://www.katebushnews.com/2001.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  69. ^ Mojo Magazine, page 81, October 2005 edition
  70. ^ "Cocteau Twins Discography". CocteauTwins.org. http://www.cocteautwins.org/~leesa/cocteautwins/cHTML/html/soundtracks.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  71. ^ "Kate Bush - Under Review". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/dp/B000EXZHPQ/. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  72. ^ Saturday Night Live: Universal announces The complete 4th season TVonDVD.com 5 September 2008
  73. ^ Unveiling Britain's 'Secret' Home Media Magazine 5 December, 2008
  74. ^ http://www.faqs.org/faqs/music/kate-bush-faq/
  75. ^ Starter For Ten Soundtrack CD: CD Universe
  76. ^ Palmer, Del. "Lyra". DelPalmer.com. http://www.delpalmer.com/page14.htm. Retrieved on 2008-05-15. 
  77. ^ Silberman, Stacey (2007-11-30). "Tis the Awards Season: Lots of Green & “Golden” Loving Stars". Hollywood Today. http://www.hollywoodtoday.net/?p=3036. Retrieved on 2008-05-15. 
  78. ^ "Mna Na h-Éireann". Hot Press. 1996-05-29. 
  79. ^ Lionel Azulay MySpace Page
  80. ^ Kate Bush News and Information 26 August 2008
  81. ^ Erasure & Kate Bush: The Lost Collaboration The Quietus 4 March, 2009
  82. ^ "Music to his ears". The Guardian. 2005-11-19. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1645991,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  83. ^ "Interview with Bjork". Time Out. 1997-10-15. 
  84. ^ "Archive". BlocParty.com. http://www.blocparty.com/history.php. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  85. ^ a b Moayeri, Lily (2005-06-09). "X&Y review". Miami New Times. http://www.miaminewtimes.com/2005-06-09/music/coldplay/. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  86. ^ Goldfrapp, Union Chapel, LondonNelly Furtado, Shepherd's Bush Empire, London The Independent 21 May, 2001
  87. ^ Goldfrapp Seventh Tree Review Dallas Observer 5 March, 2008
  88. ^ [1] "Milla Jovovich Official Website"
  89. ^ a b Boyd, Brian (2005-10-28). "What Kate didn't do next". The Irish Times. 
  90. ^ "Lily Allen". Upcoming.org. http://upcoming.org/event/ext/ylocal/64385787. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  91. ^ Lily Allen MySpace Page
  92. ^ a b "Kate Bush is Back". Triple J Music News. http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/musicnews/s1470979.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  93. ^ Huey, Steve. "Under the Pink review". Allmusic. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A3502568. Retrieved on 2007-04-04. 
  94. ^ Meet Little Boots Highland News 26 February, 209
  95. ^ Little Boots tops music tips list BBC 9 January, 2009
  96. ^ Kate Nash: Biography
  97. ^ BBC Sound of 2009: Florence and The Machine BBC 7 January, 2009
  98. ^ Exclusive: Florence and The Machine star vows to turn heads at Brits Glasgow Daily Record 30 January 2009
  99. ^ "We Are Worthy". Q magazine. November 2001. http://www.fodderstompf.com/ARCHIVES/INTERVIEWS/qawards2.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  100. ^ John Lydon - Bush Rejected Rotten's Song 12 May 2007 contactmusic.com
  101. ^ "RISE TV programme". Channel 4. 2002-09-17. http://www.katebushnews.com/2002.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  102. ^ "Gay icons". The Observer. 2006-11-12. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/omm/story/0,,1942438,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  103. ^ Chalayan, Hussein (2005-02-12). "Hussein Chalayan on Kate Bush". The Independent. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20050212/ai_n9530835. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  104. ^ Ra Ra Riot Navigates The Hype National Public Radio (United States) 29 August 2008
  105. ^ Are fresh-faced indie rockers Ra Ra Riot suspended in art-rock? Nashville Scene 10 December, 2008
  106. ^ Live Review: Maxwell. in T.O. Toronto Sun 13 October, 2008
  107. ^ How I Fell in Love in Prison by John Forte for The Daily Beast 13 March, 2009
  108. ^ Paul Cornell blog 18 December, 2008

[edit] External links

NAME Bush, Kate
SHORT DESCRIPTION English singer, songwriter, musician and record producer
DATE OF BIRTH 30 July 1958
PLACE OF BIRTH Bexleyheath, Kent, England
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