Aung San Suu Kyi

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Aung San Suu Kyi

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
Born 19 June 1945 (1945-06-19) (age 63)
Rangoon, Burma
Residence Yangon
Occupation Prime Minister-elect[1][2][3][4][5]
Known for Leader of the National League for Democracy, Nobel Peace Prize recipient.
Religious beliefs Buddhist

Aung San Suu Kyi AC (Burmese: အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည် or File:AungSanSuuKyi1.png; MLCTS: aung hcan: cu. krany; IPA[àunsʰánsṵtʃì]); born 19 June 1945 in Rangoon, is a pro-democracy activist and leader of the National League for Democracy in Burma, and a noted prisoner of conscience and advocate of nonviolent resistance. Aung San Suu Kyi was the third child in her family. Her name is derived from three relatives; "Aung San" from her father, "Kyi" from her mother and "Suu" from her grandmother.[6] Suu Kyi won the Rafto Prize and the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. In 1992 she was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru peace prize by the Government of India for her peaceful and non-violent struggle under a military dictatorship. She is currently under detention, with the Burmese junta repeatedly extending her detention. According to the results of the 1990 general election, Suu Kyi earned the right to be Prime Minister, as leader of the winning National League for Democracy party, but her detention by the military junta prevented her from assuming that role.

She is frequently called Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; Daw is not part of her name, but an honorific similar to madam for older, revered women, literally meaning "aunt".[7] Strictly speaking, her given name is equivalent to her full name, but it is acceptable to refer to her as "Ms. Suu Kyi" or Dr. Suu Kyi, since those syllables serve to distinguish her from her father, General Aung San, who is considered to be the father of modern-day Burma.


[edit] Personal life


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Aung San Suu Kyi was born on 19 June 1945. Her father, Aung San, founded the modern Burmese army and negotiated Burma's independence from the United Kingdom in 1947; he was assassinated by his rivals in the same year. She grew up with her mother, Khin Kyi, and two brothers, Aung San Lin and Aung San Oo in Yangon. Her favourite brother Aung San Lin drowned in a pool accident when Suu Kyi was eight.[6] Her elder brother migrated to San Diego, California, becoming a United States citizen.[6] Suu Kyi was educated in English Catholic schools for much of her childhood in Burma.

Daw Khin Kyi gained prominence as a political figure in the newly-formed Burmese government. She was appointed Burmese ambassador to India in 1960, and Aung San Suu Kyi followed her there, graduating from Lady Shri Ram College in New Delhi in 1964.[8]

Aung San Suu Kyi continued her education at St Hugh's College, Oxford, obtaining a B.A. degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics in 1969 and a Ph.D. at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London in 1985. She also worked for the government of the Union of Myanmar. In 1972, Aung San Suu Kyi married Dr. Michael Aris, a scholar of Tibetan culture, living abroad in Bhutan. The following year she gave birth to their first son, Alexander, in London; their second son, Kim, was born in 1977.

She is a Theravada Buddhist.

On 2 May 2008, after Cyclone Nargis hit Burma, Suu Kyi lost her roof and was living in virtual darkness after losing electricity in her dilapidated lakeside residence. She used candles at night as she was not provided any generator set.[9]

[edit] Political beginnings

Aung San Suu Kyi returned to Burma in 1988 to take care of her ailing mother. By coincidence, in the same year, the long-time leader of the Socialist ruling party, General Ne Win, stepped down, leading to mass demonstrations for democracy on 8 August 1988 (8-8-88, a day seen as auspicious), which were violently suppressed. A new military junta took power.

Influenced by both Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence[10][11] and by more specifically Buddhist concepts,[12] Aung San Suu Kyi entered politics to work for democratization, helped found the National League for Democracy on 27 September 1988, and was put under house arrest on 20 July 1989. She was offered freedom if she left the country, but she refused.

One of her most famous speeches is the "Freedom From Fear" speech, which begins:

It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.

[edit] Chronology

  • Born June 19th 1945, Rangoon, Burma.[13]
  • 1960, Accompanies mother to Delhi on her appointment as Burmese ambassador to India and Nepal and studies politics at Delhi University.[13]
  • 1964-1967, BA in philosophy, politics and economics, St. Hugh's College, University of Oxford. She is elected Honorary Fellow in 1990.[13]
  • 1972, Married Dr. Michael Aris, a British scholar.[14]
  • 1973, goes back to London to give birth to Alexander, Suu Kyi's first child.
  • 1977, gives birth to Kim, her second son.
  • 1988, Returns to Burma to look after sick mother. Becomes involved with politics.
  • August 26th 1988, Addresses half-million mass rally in front of the famous Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon and calls for a democratic government.[13]
  • 1988, September 24th, the National League for Democracy (NLD) is formed, with Aung San Suu Kyi as general secretary[15].
  • In 1990, the military junta called a general election, which the National League for Democracy won decisively. Being the NLD's candidate, Aung San Suu Kyi under normal circumstances would have assumed the office of Prime Minister.[16] Instead, the results were nullified, and the military refused to hand over power. This resulted in an international outcry. Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest at her home 16°49′32″N 96°9′1″E / 16.82556°N 96.15028°E / 16.82556; 96.15028 in Yangon. During her arrest, she was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990, and the Nobel Peace Prize the year after. Her sons Alexander and Kim accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on her behalf. Aung San Suu Kyi used the Nobel Peace Prize's 1.3 million USD prize money to establish a health and education trust for the Burmese people.
  • The military government released Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest on July 10, 1995 but made it clear that if she left the country to visit her family in the United Kingdom, it would not allow her return.
  • Her husband, Michael Aris, a British citizen, was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1990. After his final visit in 1995 the Burmese government denied him any further entry visa's[17]. Aung San Suu Kyi remained in Burma, and never again saw her husband, who died in March 1999. She remains separated from her children, who live in the United Kingdom.[18]
  • 1994, September 20th, Aung San Suu Kyi meets with Burma's dictator Gen.Than Shwe who is accompanied by Gen.Khin Nyunt. The first meeting between the two since Aung San Suu Kyi had been placed under house arrest[19].
  • The junta continually prevented Aung San Suu Kyi from meeting with her party supporters or international visitors.
  • In 1998, journalist Maurizio Giuliano, after photographing Aung San Suu Kyi, was stopped by customs officials, and all his films, tapes and some notes were confiscated.[20]
  • In September 2000, the junta put her under house arrest again.
  • 2000, October, UN Special Envoy Razali acts as a facilitator for secret talks between the junta and Aung San Suu Kyi[21].
  • On 6 May 2002, following secret confidence-building negotiations led by the United Nations, the government released her; a government spokesman said that she was free to move "because we are confident that we can trust each other". Aung San Suu Kyi proclaimed "a new dawn for the country".
  • However on 30 May 2003, a government-sponsored mob attacked her caravan in the northern village of Depayin, murdering and wounding many of her supporters.[22] Aung San Suu Kyi fled the scene with the help of her driver, Ko Kyaw Soe Lin, but was arrested upon reaching Ye-U. The government imprisoned her at Insein Prison in Yangon.
  • After she underwent a hysterectomy in September 2003,[23] the government again placed her under house arrest in Yangon.
  • In March 2004, Razali Ismail, UN special envoy to Burma, met with Aung San Suu Kyi. Ismail resigned from his post the following year, partly because he was denied re-entry to Myanmar on several occasions.[24]
  • On 28 May 2004, the United Nations Working Group for Arbitrary Detention rendered an Opinion (No. 9 of 2004) that her deprivation of liberty was arbitrary, as being in contravention of Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948, and requested that the authorities in Burma set her free, but the authorities have so far ignored this request.[25]
  • On 28 November 2005, the National League for Democracy confirmed that Suu Kyi's house arrest by the ruling military government would be extended for yet another year. Many Western countries, as well as the United Nations, expressed their disapproval of this extension.
  • On 20 May 2006, Ibrahim Gambari, UN Undersecretary-General (USG) of Department of Political Affairs, met with Aung San Suu Kyi, the first visit by a foreign official since 2004.[26] Suu Kyi's house arrest term was set to expire 27 May 2006, but the Burmese government extended it for another year,[27] flouting a direct appeal from U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan to Than Shwe. Suu Kyi continues to be imprisoned under the 1975 State Protection Act (Article 10 b), which grants the government the power to imprison persons for up to five years without a trial.[28]
  • On 9 June 2006, Suu Kyi was hospitalised with severe diarrhea and weakness, as reported by a UN representative for National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma.[29] Such claims were rejected by Major-General Khin Yi, the national police chief of Myanmar.
  • On 11 November 2006, USG Gambari, who was undertaking a mission to Burma for four days to encourage greater respect for human rights there, met with Suu Kyi. According to Gambari, Suu Kyi seems in good health but she wishes to meet her doctor more regularly.[30] UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has urged the Burmese government to release Aung San Suu Kyi, as it released 2,831 prisoners, including 40 political prisoners, on 1 January 2007.[31]
  • On 18 January 2007, the state-run paper The New Light of Myanmar accused Suu Kyi of tax evasion for spending her Nobel Prize money outside of the country. The accusation followed the defeat of a US-sponsored United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Myanmar as a threat to international security due to strong opposition from China (later voted against the resolution, along with Russia and South Africa), which has strong ties with the military junta.[32]
  • On 25 May 2007, Myanmar extended Suu Kyi's detention for yet another year which would keep her confined to her residence for a fifth straight year.[33]
  • 22nd September 2007, Aung San Suu Kyi prays with Buddhist monks outside her home during the uprising. It was her first public appearance since 2003[34] and has been seen by many to hold significance as it was a meeting between the spiritual and political leaders of the nation opposing the regime.
  • On 30 September 2007, in relation to rising political unrest in Myanmar, a United Nations emissary spent over an hour meeting with her near her guarded residence.
  • On 2 October 2007 Gambari returned to talk to her again after seeing Than Shwe and other members of the senior leadership in Naypyitaw.[35] State television broadcast Suu Kyi with Gambari, stating that they had met twice. This was Suu Kyi's first appearance in state media in the four years since her current detention began.[36]
  • On 24 October 2007, the anniversary of her 12th year in detention, campaigners announced demonstrations in 12 cities to protest against Burma's continued detention of Suu Kyi and other political prisoners.[37]
  • On 25 October 2007, talks between Suu Kyi and recently appointed liaison minister Aung Kyi, a senior member of the ruling junta, were reported to be lined up for the near future.[38]
  • 8 November 2007 For the first time in three years Suu Kyi will meet her political allies National League for Democracy along with a government minister on Friday. The ruling junta made the official announcement on state TV and radio just hours after United Nation's special envoy Ibrahim Gambari ended his second visit to Burma. The NLD confirmed that it had received the invitation to hold talks with Ms Suu Kyi. She last met party members in May 2004. The NLD (led by Suu Kyi) won polls in 1990 but was never allowed to take power.[39]
  • March 8th 2008, Aung San Suu Kyi meets UN special envoy Ibrahim Gambari[40].
  • On 27 May 2008, Myanmar extended Suu Kyi's detention for another year — keeping her confined to her residence for a sixth straight year.[41]
  • On 11 October 2008, Suu Kyi, 63, appealed through lawyers U Hla Myo Myint and Kyi Win and opposition National League for Democracy party to Myanmar junta cabinet in Naypyidaw against her detention.


  • On October 25, 2008, Nyan Win of the National League for Democracy (NLD), stated: "6 party members were sentenced to two to 13 years imprisonment each.... They were charged with inciting people to harm the peace of the State. Win Mya Mya, a senior NLD member from Mandalay, was sentenced to 12 years in jail, along with another member Kan Tun. Min Thu received a 13-year sentence, Than Lwin received 8 years, Win Shwe was given 11 years while Tin Ko Ko was sentenced to 2 years in prison. We will appeal for them soon."[44] Suu Kyi completed 13 years of house arrest on October 25, 2008. UN leaders, led by the European Union's Special Envoy for Myanmar, Italian Piero Fassino, the U.S. State Department and from other nations called for Suu Kyi's release and of the nearly 2,000 other political prisoners in Myanmar.[45][46]

[edit] Periods under detention

  • Arrested, 20 July 1989, Placed her under house arrest in Yangon under martial law that allows for detention without charge or trial for three years[47]
  • Released, 10 July 1995, Released from house arrest.
  • Arrested, 23 September 2000, Aung San Suu Kyi is placed under house arrest.
  • Released, 6 May 2002, Freed after 19 months of house arrest.
  • Arrested. 30 May 2003, Following the Depayin massacre she was held in secret detention for over 3 months before being returned to house arrest.
  • 25 May 2007, house arrest extended by one year.
  • 24 October 2007, reaches 12 years under house arrest, solidarity protests held at 12 cities around the world Burma Campaign UK.
  • 27 May 2008, Myanmar's military junta extended her house arrest another year.

[edit] 2007 anti-government protests

Protests led by Buddhist monks began on 19 August 2007 following steep fuel price increases, and continued each day, despite the threat of a crackdown by the military.[48]

On Saturday, 22 September 2007, although still under house arrest, Suu Kyi made a brief public appearance at the gate of her residence in Yangon to accept the blessings of Buddhist monks who were marching in support of human rights.[49]

It was reported that she had been moved the following day to Insein Prison (where she had been detained in 2003),[50][51][52][53] but meetings with UN envoy Ibrahim Gambari near her Yangon home on 30 September and 2 October established that she remained under house arrest.[54][55]

[edit] International support

[edit] World leaders

  • On 16 May 2007, 59 world leaders released a letter demanding Myanmar's military government free Suu Kyi and other political prisoners. The signatories include all three surviving former US presidents Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton; former UK prime minister Margaret Thatcher; Nobel Peace laureate and former President of Poland Lech Wałęsa; Nobel Peace laureate and former South Korean president Kim Dae-jung; as well as TIME Woman of the Year and former Philippine president Corazon Aquino amongst many others.[56]
  • After her confinement was again extended, current Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon said in a statement that "the sooner restrictions on Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other political figures are lifted, the sooner Burma will be able to move towards inclusive national reconciliation, and the restoration of democracy and full respect for human rights."[57]
  • On 30 May 2007, the Philippine government led members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in calling on Myanmar's military leaders to reverse their decision to extend the house arrest of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi. In a statement, Philippine foreign affairs secretary Alberto Romulo said "The Philippines joins the call for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and all political prisoners [in Myanmar]." "The Philippines deeply regrets the Myanmar government's decision to extend her house arrest. We urge the Myanmar government to reconsider its decision." It was the first time that a Philippine government official has called on all other Asian leaders to rally behind Aung San Suu Kyi.[58]
  • On 13 June 2007 Members of both Houses of the Indian Parliament wrote to Aung San Suu Kyi on the occasion of her 62nd birthday. The parliamentarians led by veteran Gandhian and Rajya Sabha member Nirmala Deshpande wrote among other things: "You are the true prime minister of Myanmar."[3]
  • In his book, "Courage: Eight Portraits" (Bloomsbury), British Prime Minister Gordon Brown states: "So Suu Kyi's courage is the courage to sacrifice her own happiness and a comfortable life so that, through her struggle, she might win the right of an entire nation to seek happy and comfortable lives. It is the absolute expression of selflessness. Paradoxically, in sacrificing her own liberty, she strengthens its cry and bolsters its claim for the people she represents."
  • In December 2007, the US House of Representatives voted unanimously 400-0 to award Aung San Suu Kyi the Congressional Gold Medal;[59] the Senate concurred on 2008-04-25.[60] On 6 May 2008, President Bush signed legislation awarding Suu Kyi the Congressional Gold Medal.[61]. She is the first recipient in American history to receive the prize while imprisoned. Other non-American recipients of the medal include Sir Winston Churchill, Pope John Paul II, Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama and Mother Theresa.[59]
  • On 25 January 2008, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo delivered a speech before the World Economic Forum in Davos, calling for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi to bring about political and economic stability and full democratization in Southeast Asia.[62]
  • On 18 June 2006 a petition signed by 432 eminent citizens of Burma's northern neighbour Bangladesh demanded the Burmese junta end persecution of democratic forces and release Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. The signatories to the petition included former Bangladeshi prime minister Sheikh Hasina and different socio-cultural, professional, and rights organisations, civil society leaders and editors of national dailies and weeklies.

[edit] Government officials

  • On 18 June 2007, the day before Aung San Suu Kyi's 62nd birthday, Senators Mitch McConnell and Diane Feinstein in the United States Senate urged the continuation of trade sanctions on the Myanmar government. In a statement, McConnell said "The best gift we can give Suu Kyi on this day is to continue to urge the international community to press for her immediate and unconditional release, as well as the release of all prisoners of conscience."
  • On Tuesday 25 September 2007 British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs David Miliband in a speech to the UK Labour Party Conference 2007 said: "Wasn't it brilliant to see Aung San Suu Kyi alive and well outside her house last week? It will be a hundred times better when she takes her rightful place as the elected leader of a free and democratic Burma."[1][63]

[edit] Nobel Peace Prize

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. The decision of the Nobel Committee mentions:[64]

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 1991 to Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar (Burma) for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights.

...Suu Kyi's struggle is one of the most extraordinary examples of civil courage in Asia in recent decades. She has become an important symbol in the struggle against oppression...

...In awarding the Nobel Peace Prize for 1991 to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to honour this woman for her unflagging efforts and to show its support for the many people throughout the world who are striving to attain democracy, human rights and ethnic conciliation by peaceful means.

— Oslo, 14 October 1991

[edit] Criticism

Samak Sundaravej, former Prime Minister of Thailand, told reporters on August 25, 2008 that "Europe uses Aung San Suu Kyi as a tool. If it's not related to Aung San Suu Kyi, you can have deeper discussions with Myanmar."[66]

[edit] Nations

[edit] Organizations

  • Freedom Now, a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization, was retained in 2006 by a member of her family to help secure Aung San Suu Kyi's release from house arrest. The organization successfully secured a positive judgment from the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and has been conducting political and public relations advocacy on her behalf.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi has been an honorary board member of International IDEA and ARTICLE 19 since her detention, and has received support from these organisations.
  • The Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the Université Catholique de Louvain, both located in Belgium, have granted her the title of Doctor Honoris Causa.[67]
  • In June of each year, the US Campaign for Burma organizes hundreds of "Arrest Yourself" house parties around the world in support of Aung San Suu Kyi. At these parties, the organizers keep themselves under house arrest for 24 hours, invite their friends, and learn more about Burma and Aung San Suu Kyi.[68]
  • The Freedom Campaign, a joint effort between the Human Rights Action Center and US Campaign for Burma, looks to raise worldwide attention to the struggles of Aung San Suu Kyi and the people of Burma.
  • The Burma Campaign UK is a UK based NGO (Non Governmental Organisation) that aims to raise awareness of Burma's struggles and follow the guidelines established by the NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • St. Hugh's College, Oxford, where she studied, had a Burmese theme for their annual ball in support of her in 2006.[69]
  • Aung San Suu Kyi is the official patron of The Rafto Human Rights House in Bergen, Norway. She received the Thorolf Rafto Memorial Prize in 1990.
  • She was made an honorary free person of the City of Dublin, Ireland in November 1999, although a space has been left on the roll of signatures to symbolize her continued detention.
  • In November 2005 the human rights group Equality Now proposed Aung Sun Suu Kyi as a potential candidate, among other qualifying women, for the position of U.N. Secretary General.[2] In the proposed list of qualified women Suu Kyi is recognised by Equality Now as the Prime Minister-Elect of Burma.[2]
  • The United Nations's special envoy to Myanmar, Ibrahim Gambari, met Aung San Suu Kyi on 10 March 2008 before wrapping up his trip to the military-ruled country.[70]

[edit] The Bommersvik Declarations

In Bommersvik, Sweden, in 1995 and 2002, two conventions of the Elected Representatives of the Union of Burma took place and the following two landmark declarations were issued:[71][72]

[edit] Bommersvik Declaration I

In 1995, during the first convention that lasted from 16-23 July, the Representatives issued the Bommersvik Declaration I:[73]

We, the representatives of the people of Burma, elected in the 27 May 1990 general elections, meeting at the First Convention of Elected Representatives from the liberated areas of Burma, hereby — Warmly welcome the unconditional release of 1991 Nobel Peace laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 10 July 1995; Thank all who have worked tirelessly and consistently for the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the cause of democracy in Burma; Applaud Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's determination, in spite of having spent 6 years under house arrest, to continue to work to bring true democracy to Burma; Welcome Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's return to politics to take up the mantle of her father, General Aung San, in Burma's second struggle for independence;...
— The Elected Representatives of the Union of Burma

[edit] Bommersvik Declaration II

In 2002, during the second convention that lasted from 25 February to 1 March, the Representatives issued the Bommersvik Declaration II:[74]

We, the representatives of the people of Burma, elected in the 27 May 1990 general elections presently serving as members of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma and/or the Members of Parliament Union, meeting at the Convention of Elected Representatives held in Bommersvik for the second time, hereby reaffirm — Our Mandate, Position, and Strategic Objectives — that we will never ignore the will of the Burmese people expressed through the May 1990 general elections; - that the military's refusal to honor the election results does not in any way diminish the validity of these results.....
— The Elected Representatives of the Union of Burma

[edit] Books

[edit] Authored

[edit] Edited

  • Tibetan Studies in Honour of Hugh Richardson. Edited by Michael Aris and Aung San Suu Kyi. (1979). Vikas Publishing house, New Delhi.

[edit] Mentioned in

[edit] Awards

[edit] Popular media

[edit] See also

[edit] Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Pravda online Aung San Suu Kyi should lead Myanmar: The World wants to restraint from the Myanmar authorities, and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi should take her place as elected leader, British Foreign Secretary David Miliband said Tuesday. 29 September 2007
    Reuters TV scripts David Miliband: "it will be a hundred times better when she takes her place as the rightfully elected leader of a free and democratic Burma". 25 September 2007
  2. ^ a b c [ The Next United Nations Secretary-General: Time for a Woman. Qualified women; Quote: ...Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma) Prime Minister-Elect...]Equality November 2005
  3. ^ a b Times of India 13 June 2007:Quote: MPs to Suu Kyi: You are the real PM of Myanmar: Recalling that NLD had won over 80% of parliamentary seats, the MPs said, "You are the true prime minister of Myanmar.
  4. ^ Quote: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is the rightfully elected prime minister of Burma, according to a 1990 election in which her National League for Democracy party took more than 80% of the popular vote. Unfortunately, the oppressive and violent military dictatorship in c.... John Walsh, Shinawatra International University, February 2006
  5. ^ Quote: Government-in-exile, established after 1988: 1990 Prime-Minister-Elect Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  6. ^ a b c Nobel Bio Details. Quote: 1945: June 19. Aung San Suu Kyi born in Yangon, third child in family. "Aung San" for father, "Kyi" for mother, "Suu" for grandmother, also day of week of birth. Favourite brother is to drown tragically at an early age. The older brother, will settle in San Diego, California, becoming United States citizen.
  7. ^ "Myanmar Family Roles and Social Relationships". Government of Myanmar. Retrieved on 2007-09-24. 
  8. ^ "Aung San Suu Kyi — Biography". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved on 4 May 2006. 
  9. ^, Official: UN plane lands in Myanmar with aid after cyclone
  10. ^ "Profile: Aung San Suu Kyi". BBC News Online. 25 May 2006. Retrieved on 2007-05-26. 
  11. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1991 Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-05-26. 
  12. ^ Mental culture in Burmese crisis politics: Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy (ILCAA Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa Monograph Series) (1999) by Gustaaf Houtman, ISBN 978-4872977486]
  13. ^ a b c d Aung San Suu Kyi , accessed 27/2/08
  14. ^ Aung San Suu kyi , accessed 27/2/08
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma's Icon of Democracy, Hope and Grace Under Pressure". 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Obituary: A courageous and patient man". BBC News. 1999-03-27. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Maurizio Giuliano denied entry to Burma after meetings with Aung San Suu Kyi". 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "The Depayin Massacre 2 Years On, Justice Denied" (PDF). ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus. 2005-05-30. Retrieved on 2007-02-04. 
  23. ^ "Suu Kyi has 'major' operation". BBC News. 2003-09-19. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  24. ^ "Annan expresses sadness for the resignation of his envoy for Burma". Democratic Voice of Burma. 2006-01-10. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  25. ^ "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi v. Myanmar, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention,". United Nations. University of Minnesota Human Rights Library. 2004-05-28. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  26. ^ "After meeting Aung San Suu Kyi, UN envoy leaves Myanmar". United Nations. 2006-05-20. Retrieved on 22 May 2006. 
  27. ^ "Burma extends Suu Kyi detention". Bangkok Post. 2006, May 27. 
  28. ^ The Irrawaddy (2006-05-27). "Opposition Condemns Extension of Suu Kyi's Detention". The Irrawaddy. 
  29. ^ Wadhams, Nick (2006-06-09). "Myanmar's Suu Kyi Hospitalized". The Associated Press (Washington Post). Retrieved on 2006-06-09. 
  30. ^ "Rare visite" (in French) (HTML). Radio-Canada. Société Radio-Canada. 2007-01-08. Retrieved on 2007-01-12. 
  31. ^ "Ban Ki-moon calls on Myanmar to release all political prisoners" (HTML). UN News Centre. United Nations. 2007-01-08. Retrieved on 2007-01-12. 
  32. ^ "Burmese Daily at Odds With Democracy Advocate". New York Times. 2007-01-18. Retrieved on 2007-01-19. 
  33. ^ "Myanmar junta extends Suu Kyi detention by a year" (HTML). Reuters. Reuters. 2007-05-25. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. 
  34. ^
  35. ^ "UN envoy meets with Myanmar's top general to discuss 'current situation'". UN News Service. 2007-10-02. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. 
  36. ^ "Burma junta releases footage of Suu Kyi (AFP)" (in en/au). ABC News (Australia). 2007-10-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. 
  37. ^ Suu Kyi rallies planned worldwide Retrieved 24/10/07
  38. ^ Burma Pro-Democracy Leader In Talks (Sky News)
  39. ^ Suu Kyi to meet party colleagues BBC, accessed 08/11/07
  40. ^
  41. ^ "Myanmar extends Suu Kyi house arrest" (HTML). AFP. AFP. 2008-05-27. Retrieved on 2008-05-27. 
  42. ^, Suu Kyi appeals to Myanmar junta against her detention: party
  43. ^, Suu Kyi appeals for freedom
  44. ^, Six Aung San Suu Kyi supporters jailed for last year's protests
  45. ^, Myanmar dissident Suu Kyi completes 13 years under house arrest
  46. ^, EU envoy urges lifting of Aung San Suu Kyi's house arrest
  47. ^ Aung San Suu Kyi accessed 27/02/08
  48. ^ Yahoo News on Buddhist monk uprising
  49. ^ AFP: Democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi greets Myanmar monks
  50. ^ Reuters News 25 September 2007 quote 1: In another sign of a potential clash, a well-placed source said detained democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi had been moved to the notorious Insein prison on Sunday, a day after she appeared in front of her house to greet marching monks. quote 2: If true, removing Suu Kyi from her lakeside villa would deprive the protesters of a focus after they were stunned by police allowing them through the barricades sealing...
  51. ^ BBC News: Inside Burma's Insein jail. Report from 2003Ed. note: Describes conditions at the jail
  52. ^ The Australian: Security tight amid speculation Suu Kyi jailed 28 September 2007 reportquote: The head of Burma's self-proclaimed government-in-exile, Sein Win, said in Paris on Wednesday that Ms Suu Kyi had been at Insein since Sunday. Sein Win, a first-cousin of Ms Suu Kyi, said two sources had confirmed her transfer.
  53. ^ current article about conditions in
  54. ^ UN envoy sees top Burma dissident.
  55. ^ UN envoy holds key Burmese talks
  56. ^ Leaders demand Suu Kyi's release 15 May 2007
  57. ^ UN Secretary Repeats Call for Release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 27 May 2007
  58. ^ Myanmar urged to release peace activist Suu Kyi 30 May 2007
  59. ^ a b US House honours Burma's Suu Kyi BBC News, 18 December 2007
  60. ^ Burmese detainee receives US honour
  61. ^ BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Burma's cyclone death toll soars
  62. ^ Philippine Daily Inquirer, 27 January 2008
  63. ^ Times online David Miliband speech to UK Labour Party Conference 2007:'We bear the scars and must learn the lessons of our wars' Quote: "Wasn't it brilliant to see Aung San Suu Kyi alive and well outside her house last week? It will be a hundred times better when she takes her rightful place as the elected leader of a free and democratic Burma." 26 September 2007
  64. ^ Nobel Committee press release
  65. ^ Aung San Suu Kyi , accessed 27/2/08
  66. ^ Thai PM says West uses Mynamar
  67. ^ "Overzicht Eredoctoraten Vrije Universiteit Brussel" (in Dutch). Vrije Univeriteit Brussel. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  68. ^ "Arrest Yourself". US Campaign for Burma. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  69. ^ "St. Hugh's Full Moon Ball". The Burma Campaign UK. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  70. ^ "Arrest Yourself". CNN. Retrieved on 2008-03-11. 
  71. ^ Burma Library website
  72. ^ Burma Lawyers' Council characterizes Declarations as Landmark
  73. ^ Bommersvik Declaration I, the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma
  74. ^ Bommersvik Declaration II, National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma]
  75. ^ It’s an Honour: AC
  76. ^ "Honorary Graduates of Memorial University of Newfoundland" (PDF). 2008-06-04. Retrieved on 2008-06-04. 
  77. ^ "Recipients of the Four Freedoms Award". Retrieved on 2008-12-24. 
  78. ^ "CBS News Journalist Lesley Stahl to Deliver Colgate's 2008 Commencement Address". 2008-02-21. Retrieved on 2008-05-18. 
  79. ^ US Senate honours Burma's Suu Kyi - BBC News 2008-04-25
  80. ^ "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi i Cynthia Maung, winners of the 20th edition of the Premi Internacional Catalunya". 
  81. ^
  82. ^ Cowley, Jason (2006-05-22). "Heroes of our time — the top 50". New Statesman. Retrieved on 2006-05-22. 
  83. ^
  84. ^ A Different View, Issue 19, January 2008
  85. ^ U2's criminal record
  86. ^ "for the lady". BBC Burmese. 2004-11-01. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  87. ^ Reviews for Tanner on ice : an Evan Tanner novel / Lawrence Block
  88. ^ Thomas, Liz (2008-02-08). "Left Bank plans £5m Myanmar film". Broadcast. 

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Wikisource has original works written by or about:
NAME Aung San Suu Kyi
SHORT DESCRIPTION nonviolent pro-democracy activist
DATE OF BIRTH 19 June 1945 (1945-06-19) (age 63)
PLACE OF BIRTH Yangon, Myanmar
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