Edison Chen photo scandal

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The affair dominated the front covers of gossip magazines in early February 2008

The Edison Chen photo scandal involved the illegal distribution over the Internet of intimate and private photographs of Hong Kong actor Edison Chen with various women, including actresses Gillian Chung, Bobo Chan, and Cecilia Cheung.[1] The scandal shook the Hong Kong entertainment industry in early 2008 and received high profile media attention locally and around the world. Many local newspapers relegated coverage of the 2008 Chinese winter storms to secondary prominence during Chinese New Year; Apple Daily headlined the story consecutively from 29 January to 18 February.

Despite enlisting the assistance of Interpol, the Hong Kong police were unable to stem the spread of the photographs.[2] As of 12 February 2008, ten people were arrested in connection with the distribution of the photographs.[3] The police crackdown raised questions over violations of the privacy and free speech rights of Internet users.[4] The manner in which actors, their management, and the police handled the situation, in turn, made those arrested into heroes for some Internet users.[5]

On 21 February, Chen admitted being the author and copyright owner of most of the photographs. He stated that the private photographs had been stolen and published illegally without his consent. He made a public apology, especially to the female victims involved, and also announced that he would "step away indefinitely" from the Hong Kong entertainment industry.[6]


[edit] History

Elite Multimedia, the shop at the centre of the allegations

In November 2006, Chen purchased a pink PowerBook, a photograph of which he published on his blog. It may have come from eLite Multimedia, a computer shop in Hong Kong's Central district.[7] According to the police, Chen's "Cotton-candy Mac" computer was sent in for repairs, and an estimated 1,300 intimate photographs of Chen and numerous female celebrities may have been accessed and secretly copied by one or more of the shop's employees.[8][9]

Chen's photographs were reportedly made some time between 2003[10] and 2006.[11] One close friend indicated that Chen liked to take photographs during intimate moments with his sexual partners, of whom 14 were celebrities, and privately showed these to a select group of close friends.[12]

[edit] Exposure

The first photograph, depicting Chen and Gillian Chung, was posted on the Hong Kong Discuss Forum at approximately 8:30 p.m. on 27 January 2008. Although the original post was deleted after a few hours, some visitors forwarded the image to other major forums in Hong Kong such as Uwants and HKGolden. Chung's management agency, Emperor Entertainment Group (EEG), immediately challenged its authenticity, and filed a police report.

At 3 p.m. the following day, a second explicit photograph of Chen, with Bobo Chan, appeared on the Internet. An emergency meeting was held at EEG that evening, after which the company declared that it would pursue the publisher of the image for this "irresponsible" and "malicious act". Gillian Chung was reportedly very distraught, had taken a leave of absence, and would not comment on the matter. Shaped by the denials, the initial media consensus was that the photographs had been manipulated.[13][14] The story became the headline of major local Hong Kong newspapers.

At 12:30 p.m. on 29 January, a higher resolution photograph appeared on the Internet. Journals noted the uncanny resemblance to Cecilia Cheung, noting her physical features and her distinctive tattoo set.[15] The photographs became the talk of the town, and local discussion forums became saturated as a result. A low-resolution sequence (photos 4 to 7) of Chen with Chung appeared at 3 p.m.; a nude photograph of Cecilia Cheung appeared at 6 p.m.[16] Journals established with known video footage that the photographs were taken inside Chen's residence.[17] Nevertheless, Cheung's solicitors denounced the upload as a "malicious, immoral and irresponsible act".[11] The police and photographic experts, who examined the images involving the first three female celebrities, said the photos were unlikely to have been composites.[18]

On 6 February, a forum user leaked hundreds more photographs in defiance of the police. The uploader, dubbed by the public as "Kira", with reference to the protagonist in the manga "Death Note",[19] stated he was not in Hong Kong, and promised to release a 32-minute video the next day.[20]

On 8 February, three pictures of a young woman showering appeared on the Internet. The subject was rapidly identified as 18-year-old Vincy Yeung (楊永晴), Chen's girlfriend and niece of Albert Yeung, chairman of EEG.[21] The police confirmed these three images were part of the batch of 1,300 photographs known to them. Having said there were only six participants, the police explained the appearance of a seventh, saying that her photographs had been erroneously grouped with one of the other females.

On 14 February, two new photographs surfaced. One photograph featured an unidentified woman fellating Chen, and another showed Rachel Ngan lying on a bed.[22]

[edit] Statistics

This table breaks down the photographs by subject:

Person Involved Names per source Photo count as of
10 Feb 2008[23]
Gillian Chung Yan-tung 鍾欣桐 104
Bobo Chan Man-woon 陳文媛 116
Cecilia Cheung Pak-chi 張栢芝 143
Rachel Ngan Wing-sze 顏穎思 13
Mandy Chen Yu-ju 陳育嬬 40
Candice Chan Si-wai 陳思慧 48
Vincy Yeung Wing-ching 楊永晴 3
Total 465

[edit] Bubbling under

On 26 February, as Chen entered his sixth consecutive day of police questioning, Sing Tao Daily revealed that a cache of computer disks and other storage devices containing in excess of 10,000 images were found from the search of Chen's residence. Five "new" celebrities were identified by police, who only referred to them as two television entertainers, a model whose career had moved overseas, and two singer-actresses,[24] of which one is from Taiwan.[25] Investigations were apparently hampered by Chen's caution, and by the lack of cooperation of the "new" female victims: some had left town, and one had already publicly denied her involvement.[24] Cecilia Cheung was also reportedly uncooperative.[25] While the police suspected hidden motives, Chen denied that he had been blackmailed.[24]

[edit] Police actions

[edit] Hong Kong

Declaration of non-involvement posted outside the Apple-authorized computer store next to Elite Multimedia

China News Service (CNS) reported that more than 100 police officers had been sent to investigate the case,[26] although Assistant Commissioner of Police (Crime) Vincent Wong Fook-chuen later declared that the investigating team consisted of 19 officers from the Commercial Crime Bureau.[27]

The Hong Kong police moved on all Internet service providers to stamp out all local traces of the as yet unclassified "offensive material". The police met with more than 200 people responsible for major Hong Kong Web sites and BBS communities to urge them to delete the pictures on appearance "as they have the responsibility to stop crimes". Related discussion threads were progressively deleted.[26] The police ordered several locally registered web sites and BBS management firms to submit information about their clients, and had retrieved the IP addresses of more than 30 Internet users who allegedly posted photographs.[26]

On 31 January 2008, an unemployed man identified as 29-year-old Chung Yik-tin (鍾亦天) was arrested for allegedly uploading one image;[28] 12 pictures were found on his computer. The next day he was arraigned but denied bail because he was suspected of blackmailing the actor and actresses. The case would reconvene eight weeks later,[29] and Chung Yik-tin was destined to spend Chinese New Year in detention. After investigating the connection between the suspect and artists, the police were satisfied that blackmail was not involved.[27][29]

On 2 February, police arrested four men and two women in connection with the distribution of the photographs. Of the six, three men and a woman were released on HK$20,000 bail and ordered to report back to the police in eight weeks.[30] The police revealed that during 2007, Edison Chen brought his computer to a shop for repairs. Employees who discovered over 1,300 intimate photographs may have secretly copied these files.[31]

On 4 February, a 29-year-old man became the eighth person to be detained in connection with the Internet posting of nude photos.[3] On the same day, 23-year-old Sze Ho-Chun (史可隽) was arrested and charged with "dishonest use of computers with criminal intent", which has a maximum penalty of five years imprisonment. The man appeared in Eastern Court on 5 February,[27][32] where he denied the charge and was released on $50,000 bail. The case was adjourned to 22 February.[33]

Assistant Commissioner Wong said the source of the pictures had been traced, but he would not confirm reports stating that they had been taken from Chen's computer. He added that the authenticity of the photographs was no longer in question. Wong also said of the six women found in the photographs, four were local celebrities and two were unknown to the police. None of the women were named.[27] Wong was certain that no overseas artists were involved.[32] Ignoring copyright laws, he said that it was not a crime to transfer the pictures to friends, but those who had posted the images to Internet web pages could be in breach of the Hong Kong law. His statement has prompted some people to solicit for or send the picture files to their "friends" en masse by email.[27][32]

On 5 February, as another of the suspects was released on $50,000 bail, six more related photographs surfaced on the Internet.[33] In the early hours on Chinese New Year's Eve, several hundred more photographs appeared on the Internet; there were two new faces.[34]

The police arrested a tenth person in connection with the case on 10 February. Kwok Chun-wai, a 24-year-old logistics clerk, was charged with distribution of pornography.[35] He had allegedly posted the link to a local discussion forum after uploading a compressed file containing over a hundred images to a site in Cyprus. Kwok was released on $10,000 bail and was required to report to the police three times a week.[36]

[edit] Mainland China

Web sites on the mainland are usually more sensitive to political issues than to pornography, and for several weeks major sites such as Baidu permitted the images to be disseminated.[37] During this time, photographs were also posted on the popular mainland China chat room, Tianya Club, and had been viewed nearly 20 million times a day.[38] Around 20 February however, mainland sites took action to prevent access to the photos.

A crackdown began in mainland China on the manufacturing, selling and spreading the CD-ROMs of the celebrity photos,[39] which sold "like hotcakes".[40] Police arrested 10 people suspected of the production in Shenzhen.[41]

On 21 February, police in Beijing announced it would act to stop the circulation of the photographs. Officials declared that showing the photos to friends or posting them on blogs or online forums, even without profit motive, could be punishable by detention for up to 15 days; transmission of more than 200 of the photos as a package on the internet would be met with criminal prosecution.[42]

[edit] Taiwan

A Taiwanese man aged 24, Huang Wei-lun, was arrested in Taipei county on suspicion of posting the explicit photos and videos in his blog and instructing net surfers how to download the images.[43] Police in Kaohsiung warned of the two-year penalty for selling pornographic CDs, and raided shops and arcades where discs of Edison Chen's photographs have been selling slowly, for TWD100. One observer remarked that young people did not buy discs as they can get the photographs easily from the internet.[44]

[edit] Legal issues

[edit] Freedom of speech

Copyright, which could have been a central issue, had been slighted. On 2 February, Commissioner of Police Tang King Shing warned that anyone with the pictures on their computer could be in breach of the law, even if there was no record of distribution. The Commissioner's remarks led to lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok Hung's immediate objection. Leung and about two dozen people protested outside police headquarters in Wan Chai, accusing the police of sowing confusion and creating an atmosphere of "white terror" among netizens. Leung urged Commissioner Tang to clarify whether merely keeping the pictures violated the law.[45] Some opinions disagree on distributing the photos.[46][47]

[edit] Selective application of the law

The police's selectiveness in this case, as compared with previous cases of pornography distribution on the Internet, was also the focus of public attention.[48][49] Regina Ip said that police would commonly apply the law selectively, citing the difficulty of taking action against every person who had overstayed in Hong Kong.[50] Similarly, the local Chairman of the Internet Society said that it would not be practical for the police to ticket every traffic offender.[51]

[edit] Presumption of innocence

The denial of bail for Chung Yik-tin sparked controversy over the subjective application of the law. Legislator Ronny Tong accused the police of humiliating a suspect by their excessively hasty actions.[52] South China Morning Post (SCMP) columnist Tim Hamlett said the presumption of innocence was an issue.[53]

Commentary in the newspaper Ming Pao also remarked on the widespread outrage about the perceived selective application of legal principles – that a person charged with an apparently minor offense being denied bail whilst two others, unnamed, with allegedly heavier involvement in the spread of the photographs were allowed out on bail.[54] A commentary in Apple Daily decried the "clear intimidation of netizens" by the police, and referred to the "hypocrisy in law enforcement" for arresting people without bringing the alleged main source and victim (Chen) for interrogation.[55]

[edit] Definition of "obscenity"

While publishing an "obscene" (淫褻) article carries a maximum sentence of 3 years, an "indecent" (不雅) article only carries a maximum sentence of 12 months.[56] Ming Pao revealed on 14 February that it had received interim classification from the Obscene Articles Tribunal (OAT) relating to five photographs it had submitted for opinion. Three of these photographs were classified as "indecent" while two were considered "obscene". The only photograph which was in circulation on 27 January, allegedly posted by Chung Yik-tin, was "indecent". Thus, the journal raised the question that Chung may have been charged with a wrong offense. Also, the law applies only after OAT's classification. Since the police arrested and charged Chung before classification, some viewed the arrest as unlawful. An Assistant Professor at the University of Hong Kong questioned whether an amended charge of "Publishing an Indecent Article" applied to photographs uploaded onto the Internet.[52]

[edit] Responses and apologies

After the exposure of the eighth photograph, Chen quietly left Hong Kong and flew to Boston to be with his girlfriend Vincy.[12]

[edit] Chen's first statement

On 4 February 2008, Chen released a 90-second video clip in English[57] in which he apologised to those who may have been affected by the posting of photographs. He did not comment on the authenticity of the photos.[32]

As of this evening, the police have made significant advances towards solving this malicious crime. As from the beginning I will continue to give the police my fullest cooperation to bring the perpetrators to justice. At this time I am not able to discuss matters related to the case, but I do feel it is my obligation to accept full responsibility and take action to help both the victims and those associated with them to heal their wounds. In this regard, I plead with everyone to please stop forwarding the images on the Internet. Furthermore, to completely rid the images from your computer. This is a small step that each one of us can take to help the innocent rebuild their lives. The priority now is for all of us to pitch in and help those in need.[58]

Edison Chen, as posted to his blog

[edit] Chung's statement

Gillian Chung was the first starlet to make a public appearance when she greeted fans at a New Year celebration on 11 February 2008. After the meeting, she delivered a brief statement to the press in which she did not expressly state whether she was the subject of some of the photographs. Chung apologised for the hurt caused to those around her by her silliness and naivety, saying that she "had now grown up".[59][60][61] Emperor sought closure by stating that neither it nor any of its artists would be making any further statement about the incident.[59] The press conference drew mixed response from the media and the public – some praised her courage in facing the public while others complained of her insincerity and her refusal to face the issue squarely.[62] An Apple Daily commentary was particularly scathing about the hypocrisy of Chung and of her management company for only obliquely hinting at her "licentiousness".[55]

[edit] Chen's definitive statement

On 21 February, Chen returned to Hong Kong, and held a press conference during which he asked for forgiveness and announced his retirement from the Hong Kong entertainment industry. He declared his sincere regret at the harm he caused to the women involved, and their and his families.

... I would like to say sorry to all the people of Hong Kong. I give my apologies sincerely to you all, unreservedly and with my heart ... I know many young people in Hong Kong look up to many figures in society, and in this regard I failed as a role model.[63]

Edison Chen, press conference, 21 February 2008

Chen confirmed that the photographs were indeed his, and that they were private; the photographs made public were obtained without his consent.[64] Through his lawyer, Chen asserted the photographs were protected by his property rights, and that reproduction whether in whole or in part without his consent would constitute copyright infringement.[6]

[edit] Repercussions

The initial group of protesters at Victoria Park, 10 February

[edit] Police

On 3 February, approximately 20 people, led by Leung Kwok-hung, protested the abuse of power by the police.

A week later, on 10 February, protesters demonstrated against alleged "discriminatory" law enforcement against Internet users. The involvement of local celebrities led to complaints that the wave of arrests were indicative of a legal double standard.[65] Protesters claimed that the police failed to investigate other cases of nude photos being released without their subject's permission.[66]

Approximately 300 Internet users marched from Victoria Park to police headquarters in Wan Chai. They petitioned the police to apologize publicly, to release Chung Yik-tin, and to stop "an abuse of power".[67] They also demanded the resignation of Commissioner Tang.[68]

In the wake of the scandal, citizens also became more concerned about the integrity of the law, resulting in increased resentment towards the Hong Kong Police. In December 2007, Chief Inspector Cindy Kong's car was hit from behind by a truck,[69] but unusually she was allowed to drink water before being breathalysed.[68] One month later, businessman Peter Lam was acquitted of a speeding offense due to legal technicalities.[70] Citizens cited these examples in an attempt to show that, in Hong Kong, some were clearly more equal than others.[68]

The police were widely condemned for their handling of the case. In a survey published by the SCMP, some 48 percent of people surveyed believed the police had created unnecessary fear among the Internet community, and a similar percentage were dissatisfied with the police handling of the case. However, Assistant Commissioner Wong insisted that they had "not departed from normal practices" and had "acted correctly under the laws".[71]

[edit] International media attention

The news of the scandal has received international media attention, notably on CNN,[72] the Wall Street Journal,[73][74] the New York Times,[51] The Economist,[75] MSNBC,[76] the BBC,[77] The Guardian,[78] Le Figaro, Le Monde [79] and Der Spiegel.[80]

[edit] Chen

On 5 February 2008, Chen was pulled from the upcoming Stephen Fung movie Jump as a result of the scandal.[81] On 10 February 2008, it was reported that credit card company Manhattan Titanium has withdrawn all advertisements featuring Chen.[82]

Upon his return to Hong Kong on 21 February, a hundred police officers were present throughout the press conference at the HITEC centre, and some citizens complained about the waste of manpower. The police argued that their strong presence was essential to maintain public order due to the great public and media interest in the case.[83]

The triads reportedly offered a HK$500,000 reward to anybody who hacked off Chen's hand.[84][85] This contributed to fears for Chen's safety upon his return, and heavy police protection.

The LA Times reported that Pepsi China, Standard Chartered Bank, Samsung, Levi's and the Hong Kong Metro, has dropped or declined to renew ad campaigns involving Chen.[86]

[edit] Chung

While Emperor declared that Gillian Chung was on sick leave, fellow Twins member Charlene Choi twice publicly denied rumours of suicide attempts by Chung — once was during the promotion of the film Kung Fu Dunk.[87] According to Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, their music video for the celebration of the Chinese New Year would have featured Twins, but was dropped because of Chung's involvement in the controversy. A new video featuring other artists, Taiwanese boyband Fahrenheit was selected as a replacement.[88] Preparations for the Twins concerts in Hong Kong originally scheduled for 12–16 April were seriously affected, and the shows were postponed until September.[89]

Chung's appearance at a charity programme on 17 February met with around 2,100 complaints to the Broadcasting Authority, 373 to TVB, and 202 to the Television and Entertainment Licensing Authority (TELA).[90] On 21 February the Broadcasting Authority decided that the complaints were outside its jurisdiction to consider, and passed all the correspondence received to TVB.[91]

On 26 February 2008, the South China Morning Post, citing the Dalian Evening News, reported that Chung and Nicholas Tse (husband of Cecilia Cheung) would no longer perform at the Beijing Olympics opening ceremony. Artistic Director, Zhang Yimou, dropped them for having been tainted by the nude photos scandal. Their management had no comment.[92] Although Nicholas Tse did appear at the closing ceremony, singing on stage alongside Jackie Chan, Emil Chau, Andy Lau, and others.

Twins announced its "temporary" dissolution in late June 2008, four months after Gillian was caught up in the scandal. Charlene said in July 2008 she was highly optimistic that they will reunite "some day"[93]

It was reported that Chung, under contract with Emperor Entertainment Group in 2008, did not receive any salary for the duration of the scandal,[94][95] and even struggled to pay rent.[95][96] However, she attended some courses for half a year disbursed by the company, but she is obliged to repay the company.[94]

[edit] Former female collaborators of Chen

Jolin Tsai and Elva Hsiao have collaborated with Chen on various projects and are rumoured love interests of Chen. Some images of a Tsai lookalike have previously appeared. In an effort to contain the damage to their reputations, both issued statements through their agents that they had "never been involved with Chen". They each issued "rewards" of TWD100 million defying anyone to come forward with legally authenticated photographs,[97][98][99][100][101] and also threatened to seek full redress from any parties for "smears". Tsai urged the Hong Kong Police to publish a list of the persons involved, so that "innocents can be spared".[98]

[edit] Press

The scandal has shocked the general public and ignited debate about sexual morality. The blanket coverage of the local press, their reporting style, and the appearance of photographs has also been met with public complaints to TELA.[36][50] TELA suspected that at least two journals violated the Obscene Articles Ordinance, and sent copies of issue #936 of Next Magazine and issue #531 of the Oriental Sunday magazine to the OAT for classification.[102] The Tribunal returned an interim classification of "Class I", meaning the magazines were "neither obscene nor indecent", and TELA demanded a full public hearing to review its decision.[103] The OAT, the method of selecting its adjudicators, and the Obscene Articles Ordinance, came under fire. It reportedly classified Michelangelo's "David" as "indecent" by adhering rigidly to a definition.[104]

[edit] Baidu

The images reached China mostly through an image-sharing service on Baidu (Tieba).[105] Beijing Network News Council (BNNC) held a meeting on 18 February to discuss the "romantic pictures", and criticised Baidu for spreading the pictures.[106]

Other web sites that actively discouraged the photo distribution, namely Sohu, Sina and Netease, were praised by BNCC.[105]

[edit] The arrested

Chung Yik-tin, arrested on 31 January 2008 for allegedly uploading one obscene image,[28] spent Chinese New Year day in detention.[27][29] Following the furore at the police that the photograph allegedly posted by Chung Yik-tin was later classified as "indecent", Chung was unconditionally released from detention, on 15 February, when charges against him were dropped[107].

Kwok Chun-wai, arrested on 10 February, denied the charges against him at a hearing on 3 June. He entered a guilty plea to three counts of publishing an obscene article in July.[108] On 24 July 2008, he was sentenced to two months in prison, suspended for two years.[109]

[edit] 2009 Canadian hearing

Although Chen agreed to cooperate with the authorities, his refusal to return to Hong Kong to give evidence meant that a team of four lawyers and a magistrate had to be flown out to Vancouver, in late February 2009 at taxpayers' expense.[110] The hearing is governed by Hong Kong law, and is presided over by Supreme Court Justice Elaine Adair, with Hong Kong's Chief Magistrate Tong Man (唐文) as co-commissioner. The hearing was made possible under international treaty signed by Canada and Hong Kong to provide mutual legal assistance in issues around criminal matters.[111] Legislator Ronny Tong questioned the "extravagancy" of this hearing, and suggested there may be an easier and cheaper way to collect Chen's evidence.[112]

During the hearing, which started on 23 February, Chen confirmed that Cecilia Cheung, Gillian Chung, Bobo Chan and Rachel Ngan were indeed involved.[113] The photos, taken from 2001 to 2006, were consensual, and were only shown to the women involved.[111] He further claimed foul play, professing his "huge shock" at seeing the images on the internet, citing that he had deleted the images before sending his computer in for repairs in summer of 2006.[113]

[edit] Reactions

Cheung being interviewed by Au wing-kyun (區永權) on TV

[edit] Cecilia Cheung's reaction

After Chen's statement to court, Cheung broke silence in the matter on a televised interview on iCable on 27 February. She heavily criticised Chen for shedding crocodile tears ("貓哭老鼠"), saying that instead of calling to apologise, Chen had not returned calls and switched off his phone when the incident came to light last year. She said Chen was guilty of hypocrisy ("說一套,做的是另一套") in a bid to win the public's forgiveness while hurting the others caught up in the scandal.[114] She said that despite the rumours circulating at the time of a rift with her husband and in-laws, they had been most supportive. A second part interview was due to broadcast in the week of 6 March. The station however, pulled the second part off the air out of respect for Cheung to "protect" her.[115]

[edit] Gillian Chung's reaction

An episode of TVB's Be My Guest was filmed on 5 March at tycoon Albert Yeung's private Repulse Bay mansion. In the interview she talked about committing suicide, but said that if she died, the problems would be passed onto people who cared about her. She also cried to her mother and who was supportive of her quitting the industry.[116] Chung said that Chen was her greatest love, and he had a profound influence on her. She let him take photos of them engaging in sex because she did not want to lose him.[117] Chung was hoping people would give her dignity, and that she was continuing largely to support her family.[117]

She also talked about the experience of having to apologize publicly for the first time after the incident. She pointed out that she had to take Fluoxetine pills to deal with the extreme nervousness.[94] After the scandal she hid in the house for 2 months, while her family prevented her from going on the internet. She was allowed some TV access, as her family believed negative comments would affect her emotions.[94]

[edit] Charlene Choi's reaction

Earlier in January Charlene Choi, fellow member of Twins, gave a TVB interview on the show My 2008 (我的2008). She talked about how high her Emotional Quotient (EQ) and Adversity Quotient (AQ) was for year 2008. She also made a reference to the movie My Name is Fame, and took a movie quote from actor Sean Lau that said "until the day you die, your good luck still goes (你一日未死都重會有運行)".[118]

[edit] Nicholas Tse's reaction

Nicholas Tse and his marriage with Cecilia Cheung have also been heavily analyzed by the media.[119] At one point in an interview Tse himself said he would rather die first, since living without Cecilia Cheung is many times more painful. He hoped that it would be their last marriage.[120]

[edit] Death threat

On 12 March 2009 a threat mail letter containing a bullet was delivered to a Cable TV station mailbox at 5pm.[121] It is thought to have been delivered from United States Allentown Pennsylvania, though police did not rule out the possibility that the address was a fake.[121][122] The mail came 13 days after Chen made two public appearances in Singapore. The broadcaster did not release the text of the threatening letter, which was written in English. Instead, the channel gave a summary of the contents on its entertainment news report.[123] No word such as "kill", "shoot" or "chop" was used in the letter.[122] Some time in 2008 Chen also got a threatening phone call after the press conference where he withdraw from the HK entertainment industry.[123]

A wide range of responses followed. Secretary for Security Ambrose Lee said Hong Kong is governed by the rule of law and violent or intimidating activity will not be tolerated.[121] Peter Lam former manager of Chen said these activities violate the law, and people who break the law will be dealt with.[124] He further added that Chen made some mistakes, but those mistakes were not worth death.[122] TVB general manager Stephen Chan said Hong Kong is a lawful society. He further said that he too has received death threats before.[124] Fellow singer Race Wong said she was scared, and anyone would be scared. She supports Gillian Chung's return.[124] Actor Simon Yam said he hoped this was a joke, since this is pretty serious.[124] Actor Donnie Yen said when you are done watching entertainment, let it go. He further said this world has plenty of problems, people should pay attention to society's problem.[124] Actor Chapman To said this death threat is savage.[124] Legislative Council member James To said threats to media figures equate to threats to public safety.[123] Actress Shu Qi said Chen should be given a chance to return, and that a civilised society will be able to solve this.[125] DJ Jan Lamb said the bullet is to be saved in storage for the second round of the financial crisis.[125] Sammo Hung said if given a chance he wants to collaborate with Chen, and acknowledge this is a long road back.[125] Chen himself said this is a big joke, but have trust in the Hong Kong police.[124]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Patrick Frater (4 February 2008). ""HK police arrest 7 more in celebrity porn scandal"". Variety (Asia). http://www.varietyasiaonline.com/content/view/5426/53/. Retrieved on 4 February 2008. 
  2. ^ "網頁極速蔓延 淫照難盡剷" (in Traditional Chinese). Wen Wei Po. 1 February 2008. http://paper.wenweipo.com/2008/02/01/YO0802010004.htm. Retrieved on 4 February 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Eight now held in Internet sex probe". The Standard. 4 February 2008. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=12&art_id=61125&sid=17431562&con_type=3. Retrieved on 4 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "一哥:藏裸照供發布可拉人" (in Traditional Chinese). sina.com.hk. 3 February 2008. http://news.sina.com.hk/cgi-bin/nw/show.cgi/2/1/1/629150/1.html. Retrieved on 8 February 2008. 
  5. ^ "網民支持發照者 批警方偏袒 學者:網絡暴力作祟" (in Traditional Chinese). Phoenix TV. 1 February 2008. http://news.sina.com/oth/phoenixtv/502-104-103-108/2008-02-01/00112643396.html. Retrieved on 4 February 2008. 
  6. ^ a b Nickkita Lau (22 February 2008). ""Edison bows out on sorry note"". The Standard. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=12&art_id=61938&sid=17712230&con_type=5&d_str=20080222&sear_year=2008. Retrieved on 22 February 2008. 
  7. ^ "涉及淫照风波的电脑店铺 常有男艺人光顾" (in Simplified Chinese). 猫扑. 5 February 2008. http://star.ent.mop.com/8gua/exposure/2008-02-05/81398.shtml. Retrieved on 6 February 2008. 
  8. ^ "陈冠希道歉 请求大家销毁不雅照片" (in Simplified Chinese). 金羊网. 6 February 2008. http://www.ycwb.com/xkb/2008-02/06/content_1784734.htm. Retrieved on 6 February 2008. 
  9. ^ "店員炫耀淫照出事" (in Traditional Chinese). Sing Pao Daily News. 4 February 2008. http://www.singpao.com/20080204/local/945111.html. Retrieved on 6 February 2008. 
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  19. ^ The name "Kira" is a reference to the main character in the manga Death Note, whose real identity is unknown to the public but whose continued vigilantist acts and defiance against the police were admired by certain members of the public.
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  46. ^ 演藝協會:港人的悲哀
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  61. ^ 「... 今次這件事,對我同身邊的人,都造成了好大的困擾同傷害(停頓數秒)。我承認以前係好天真同好傻,但係現在已經長大了。好多謝公司、多謝家人,及多謝朋友的眷顧及支持;今次這件事,對於社會帶來了好大的影響,我都深感抱歉,在未來日子裏,我會繼續努力工作,同積極面對我的人生。多謝傳媒的關心,以及要多謝一班對我不離不棄的fans,多謝。」
    (English translation: "... This incident has caused a lot of turmoil and harm to me and people around me. I admit that I was so naive and silly in the past, but now I have grown up. I thank my company, my family and my friends for their blessing and support. This incident has caused a lot of [negative] effects to the society which I deeply regret. In the future, I will continue to work hard, and face my life positively. Thank the media for their care. Also, I want to thank my loyal fans for their relentless support. Thank you.""I was So Silly, So Naive" (in Traditional Chinese). Ming Pao. 12 February 2008. http://www.mingpaonews.com/20080212/gaa1.htm. Retrieved on 12 February 2008. 
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  99. ^ 想說的話-蕭亞軒-新浪部落
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