Studio Ghibli

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Studio Ghibli, Inc.
Type Animation film studio
Founded 1985
Founder(s) Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata
Headquarters Japan
Key people Hayao Miyazaki
Isao Takahata
Toshio Suzuki
Industry Media and Entertainment
Products Animated feature films (Anime)

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-kaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio, and previously was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten.

The company's logo features the character Totoro from the film My Neighbor Totoro.

Several anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award including Laputa: Castle in the Sky in 1986, My Neighbor Totoro in 1988, and Kiki's Delivery Service in 1989. In 2002, Spirited Away won an Oscar for Best Animated Feature, the first anime film to win an Academy Award.


[edit] Name

The name Ghibli derives from the nickname the Italians used for their Saharan scouting planes in the Second World War (and later for the AMX International AMX), which is derived from the Libyan word for hot wind blowing through the Sahara Desert (also known as sirocco).[1]

Though the Italian word is pronounced with hard /g/, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is IPA[dʑíbɯɺi] Ghibli.ogg listen . The theory behind the name was that the studio was blowing a new wind into the Japanese anime industry.[2]

[edit] History

Founded in 1985, the studio is headed by the acclaimed director Hayao Miyazaki along with his faithful companion Isao Takahata, as well as the studio's executive managing director and long-time producer Toshio Suzuki. Its origins date back to 1984, with the film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, which was popularized as a serialized manga in a publication of Tokuma Shoten's Animage magazine after the original screenplay was rejected. The film was eventually produced by Topcraft and the film's success spurred the formation of Ghibli. Much of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by the noted film distributor Toho. Tokuma is the parent company of Studio Ghibli, and it has provided the Walt Disney Company with the video rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away. Miyazaki's film, Howl's Moving Castle, was based on a book by British author Diana Wynne Jones, published in several countries including Canada and the United States. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtrack for all of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films.

The most famous and lauded film from the studio that was not directed by Miyazaki is Grave of the Fireflies, directed by Isao Takahata, a film focusing on the lives of two war orphans towards the end of the Second World War in Japan.

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles about the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works frequently graces the cover of the magazine.

The company is well-known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad. This was a result of the dubbing of Miyazaki's Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind when the film was released in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The film was heavily edited and americanized, with significant portions cut and the plot rewritten. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. In response, a Studio Ghibli producer sent an authentic katana with a simple message: "No cuts".[3]

Miyazaki's latest film, Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea, was released in Japan on July 19, 2008.

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president which he held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. He has revealed that Takahata and Goro Miyazaki (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) are developing projects for release after Hayao Miyazaki's Ponyo. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli sell its videos since 1996, as well as helped to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[4]

[edit] Works

[edit] Films and specials (Excluding short films or Ghibli Museum releases)

Film Original release date Director
Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro (released before the formation of Studio Ghibli) 1979 December 15 Hayao Miyazaki
Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind (released before the formation of Studio Ghibli) 1984 March 11 Hayao Miyazaki
Laputa: Castle in the Sky 1986 August 2 Hayao Miyazaki
Grave of the Fireflies (shown alongside My Neighbor Totoro) 1988 April 16 Isao Takahata
My Neighbor Totoro (shown alongside Grave of the Fireflies) 1988 April 16 Hayao Miyazaki
Kiki's Delivery Service 1989 July 29 Hayao Miyazaki
Only Yesterday 1991 July 20 Isao Takahata
Porco Rosso 1992 July 18 Hayao Miyazaki
I Can Hear the Sea (made-for-TV; also known as Ocean Waves) 1993 May 5 Tomomi Mochizuki
Pom Poko 1994 July 16 Isao Takahata
Whisper of the Heart 1995 July 15 Yoshifumi Kondo
Princess Mononoke 1997 July 12 Hayao Miyazaki
My Neighbors the Yamadas 1999 July 17 Isao Takahata
Spirited Away 2001 July 27 Hayao Miyazaki
The Cat Returns 2002 July 20 Hiroyuki Morita
Howl's Moving Castle 2004 November 20 Hayao Miyazaki
Tales from Earthsea 2006 July 29 Gorō Miyazaki
Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 2008 July 19 Hayao Miyazaki
Untitled Isao Takahata Film[5] 2009 or 2010 Isao Takahata
Unnamed Gorō Miyazaki Film TBA Gorō Miyazaki

[edit] Short films (TV, Theatrical, Ghibli Museum, and OVA)

[edit] Music videos (Theatrical and TV)

[edit] Commercials

  • "Sora Iro no Tane" (The Sky-Colored Seed) (1992) (TV spot for Nippon TV)
  • "Nandarou" (1992) (TV commercial for NHK)
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Roadshow houeikokuchi spot)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow" (1996) (Announcement spot for Kinyou Roadshow opening)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials)
  • "Shop-One" (Online Shopping Mall Announcement Spot)
  • "House Shokuhin" (House Shokuhin Campaign Commercial)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Summer Version)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Winter Version)
  • "Hajimaru yo, Erai Koccha-hen" (KNB YumeDigi PR Spot)
  • "Kawaraban-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Dore Dore Hikkoushi-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Risona Ginkou" (Corporate commercial)

[edit] Video games

[edit] Other works

The works listed here consist of works that don't fall into the above categories. Many of these films have been released on DVD in Japan.

[edit] Related works

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; produced by Toei Animation, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, or other Ghibli staffers; or created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

[edit] Pre-Ghibli

[edit] Cooperative works

[edit] Distributive works

These Western animated films have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library

In addition, Takahata, working with staff from the studio, contributed a segment to the 2004 experimental animation anthology Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi).

[edit] Contributive works

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  2. ^ The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  3. ^ Brooks, Xan (2005-09-14). "A god among animators". The Guardian.,6737,1569689,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-23. "There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.'" 
  4. ^ "スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏" (in Japanese). Retrieved on 2008-02-01. 
  5. ^ a b "". Retrieved on 2008-02-01. 

[edit] External links

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