California State Route 1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
State Route 1
Pacific Coast Highway, Cabrillo Highway, Shoreline Highway
Defined by S&HC § 301, maintained by Caltrans
Length: 655.843 mi[1] (1,055.477 km)
(broken into 5 pieces by US 101)
History: State highway in 1919; numbered in 1934
South end: I-5 in Dana Point
I-10 in Santa Monica
SR 34 in Oxnard
SR 227 in San Luis Obispo
SR 68 in Monterey
SR 17 in Santa Cruz
I-280 near San Francisco
SR 20 near Fort Bragg
North end: US 101 near Leggett
State highways in California (list - pre-1964)
< I-980 SR 2 >
History - Unconstructed - Deleted - Freeway - Scenic

State Route 1, often called Highway 1, is a state highway that runs along much of the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California. It is famous for running by some of the most beautiful coastlines in the world, leading to its designation as an All-American Road.

In Southern California, the California Legislature has designated the segment between Interstate 5 in Dana Point and U.S. Route 101 near Oxnard as Pacific Coast Highway (commonly referred to as PCH for short); between U.S. Route 101 at the Las Cruces junction (8 miles south of Buellton) and U.S. Route 101 in Pismo Beach and between U.S. Route 101 in San Luis Obispo and U.S. Route 101 in San Francisco, the legislature has designated State Route 1 as the Cabrillo Highway; and between Manzanita Junction near Marin City and U.S. Route 101 in Leggett, the legislature has designated State Route 1 Shoreline Highway. However, subsequent to naming the highway the Pacific Coast Highway, Cabrillo Highway, and Shoreline Highway, the legislature has given some segments of Route 1 additional names as described in the State Law section. In addition, some segments have been given alternative names by local governments.

This route is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System[2] and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System, which limits development close to the highway.[3]


[edit] Route description

Major cities
Bolded cities are officially-designated control cities for signs[citation needed]

[edit] Orange County

At its southernmost end, Route 1 terminates at Interstate 5 in Capistrano Beach, just south of San Juan Capistrano. With the name Pacific Coast Highway, it then travels north into downtown Dana Point, where, for one mile (1.6 km), northbound traffic continues along the original PCH alignment while southbound traffic is diverted onto parallel Del Prado. After the two roads merge into PCH, Route 1 then heads north along the coast through Laguna Beach and Crystal Cove State Park.

Southbound PCH near Laguna Beach.

Route 1 then enters Newport Beach, where its name is changes to simply Coast Highway. It passes through several affluent neighborhoods, including Newport Coast and Corona Del Mar, and spans the entrance to the Upper Newport Bay. Upon entering Huntington Beach, Route 1 regains the designation of Pacific Coast Highway. It passes Huntington State Beach and Bolsa Chica State Beach, and passes through the Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve. It continues along the coast into Seal Beach, the final city in Orange County.

[edit] Los Angeles and Ventura Counties

PCH then enters Los Angeles County and the city of Long Beach and continues in a northwesterly direction to meet Lakewood Boulevard State Route 19 (and Los Coyotes Diagonal at the Long Beach Traffic Circle) more than two miles (3 km) from the coast. From the traffic circle it continues inland in a westerly direction through Long Beach including approximately one mile adjacent to the southern boundary of Signal Hill. Although bypassing the immediate coastline of the Palos Verdes Peninsula, State Route 1 retains the PCH name as it continues westerly through the Los Angeles districts of Wilmington and Harbor City, and the cities of Lomita and Torrance. It then turns northerly through the cities of Redondo Beach and Hermosa Beach. Upon entering Manhattan Beach, it becomes Sepulveda Boulevard, and continues through El Segundo and Los Angeles International Airport, directly passing underneath two runways. Metro Local 232 operates on most of this portion of CA-1.

Southbound Ca-1 between Santa Monica and LAX.

After leaving LAX, Route 1 then turns northwesterly, becoming Lincoln Boulevard and passing through the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Westchester, Playa Vista, Marina Del Rey, and Venice. It then enters the city of Santa Monica, where Route 1 turns southwest, merging onto the final segment of the Santa Monica Freeway. Santa Monica Big Blue Bus 3 and Rapid 3 operates on most of this portion of CA- 1. Passing through the McClure Tunnel, Route 1 emerges along the beachfront in Santa Monica and continues along the coast; it is known locally also as Palisades Beach Road, and formerly as Roosevelt Highway. Upon leaving Santa Monica, it once again regains the name PCH as it follows the coast, curving westbound through the neighborhood of Pacific Palisades, passing the Getty Villa before reaching the city of Malibu. The PCH is the main thoroughfare through Malibu, spanning the entire 21 miles (34 km) of the city, providing access to Pepperdine University and Zuma Beach.

The PCH passes Mugu Rock at Point Mugu.

Leaving Malibu, Route 1 crosses into Ventura County and continues along the coast through Point Mugu State Park to just beyond the park's western boundary. Approaching the Oxnard plain it passes through a notch in the mountain that forms Point Mugu. The cut left a very large rock formation at the tip of the point that is called the Mugu Rock. At that point, PCH leaves the coast and heads northerly and then northwesterly along the northeastern boundary of Naval Air Station Point Mugu for several miles and continues to Wooley Road in Oxnard. From the South Oxnard railroad grade crossing north of Statham Boulevard in Oxnard to Wooley Road, State Route 1 is known locally as Oxnard Boulevard. At Wooley Road the direction of State Route 1 changes from northwest to north; however, the Oxnard Boulevard name continues to Vineyard Avenue, Route 232. From Vineyard Avenue, State Route 1 continues north as PCH and joins U.S. Route 101 in Oxnard approximately five miles inland from the coast. It is noted that about a seven-mile (11 km) stretch of PCH between Calleguas Creek near the south boundary of the Point Mugu Naval Air Weapons Station and the South Oxnard railroad grade crossing north of Statham Boulevard was built to freeway standards.[citation needed] However, today only part of that stretch, from Calleguas Creek to Pleasant Valley Road in Oxnard, a distance of over five miles (8 km), is operating as a freeway. The remaining distance from Pleasant Valley Road to the railroad grade crossing is operating as an expressway (including three signalized intersections).

[edit] Central Coast

After traveling through Ventura, State Route 1 separates from US 101 to travel along the beach from Emma Wood State Beach to the Mobil Pier Undercrossing, where it rejoins US 101 about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the Santa Barbara County line near La Conchita. State Route 1 then merges with US 101 (although signage is nonexistent) for 54 miles (87 km), passing through Santa Barbara. Route 1, now named Cabrillo Highway, splits again from US 101 north of the Gaviota Tunnel, and heads through the coastal cities of Lompoc, Guadalupe, and Grover Beach before joining US 101 for the third time at Pismo Beach.

View of the Pacific Ocean from the Bixby Bridge

State Route 1 splits from US 101 at San Luis Obispo and resumes as Cabrillo Highway continuing north as a freeway through Morro Bay. where it crosses Morro Creek at the site of a prehistoric Chumash settlement dating to the Millingstone Horizon.[4] Thence State Route 1 proceeds north to Cayucos until it again becomes a winding, two lane road with occasional passing lanes. It follows along the coast through San Simeon, past the elephant seal colony at Piedras Blancas Lighthouse, and to the cliffs of Big Sur. Then several miles north, the highway crosses the scenic Bixby Creek Bridge, a reinforced concrete arch with a 320-foot (98 m) span that passes over the Bixby Creek gorge, and the Rocky Creek Bridge. The highway between San Simeon and Carmel was built between 1919 and 1937.

Looking south showing the McWay Rocks island group, about 16½ miles south of Big Sur.

From there, State Route 1 passes through Carmel before becoming a freeway in Monterey. The freeway portion of Route 1 from Route 68 (west) to Munras Avenue opened in 1960. The segment from Munras Avenue in Monterey to the northern border of Sand City and Seaside opened in 1968, and bypasses the original highway alignment of Munras Avenue and Fremont Street in Monterey, and Fremont Boulevard through Seaside. North of Seaside, the freeway was built over the original SR 1 alignment through Fort Ord in 1973. North of Fort Ord, SR 1 veers to the left of the original alignment and bypasses Marina to the west. This segment including the interchange with Route 156 and the short, 2-lane Castroville Bypass opened in 1976. Originally Route 1 followed the Route 156 alignment to the Route 183 intersection in Castroville, then turned northwest, following the present-day Route 183 through Castroville before rejoining its existing alignment at the northern terminus of the Castroville Bypass.

At the interchange with State Route 156 near Castroville, SR 1 continues north as a 2-lane rural road to Moss Landing. Despite heavy traffic on this segment, it was not upgraded to a freeway because doing so would require cutting through a wildlife refuge area east of Moss Landing. Another freeway segment begins at Salinas Road, near Pajaro in northern Monterey County, and continues to the State Route 17 interchange at Santa Cruz. Upon reaching downtown Santa Cruz, it continues as Mission Street and Coast Road before regaining the Cabrillo Highway name.

[edit] San Francisco Bay Area and the Redwood Empire

Scene from SR 1 near Half Moon Bay

SR 1 then continues north as a winding, two lane road following the west coast of the San Francisco Peninsula, passing through Half Moon Bay. Before the completion of the present highway in 1937, a narrow, winding, steep road known as Pedro Mountain Road connected Montara with Pacifica. That highway was completed in 1914 and provided competition to the Ocean Shore Railroad, which operated between San Francisco and Tunitas Creek from 1907 to 1920.

Before reaching Pacifica, the highway travels through a treacherous stretch where it is dubbed Devil's Slide. Here the road is in constant danger of sliding into the Pacific Ocean. This stretch of road is periodically closed, the last time from April 2, 2006 to August 3, 2006. Previous closures include about five months in 1995 and about three months in 1983.[5] To avoid these problems, a tunnel is being constructed to bypass the slide area, opening in 2011 according to Caltrans.

The Golden Gate Bridge, which Route 1 shares with US 101

SR 1 turns into a multi-lane freeway in Pacifica before joining Interstate 280 in Daly City. SR 1 used to run along the coast between Pacifica and Daly City but this segment was damaged and rendered unusable after a 5.3 magnitude earthquake on March 22, 1957. A small stub remains near Thornton Beach. Just short of reaching the city of San Francisco, Route 1 splits from Interstate 280 and the Cabrillo Highway designation ends at the Daly City / San Francisco border, where the road becomes Junipero Serra Boulevard. Shortly thereafter, the highway makes a slight left, becoming the six-lane wide 19th Avenue where, in spite of being a city street, it retains a dense traffic flow. Route 1 turns into Park Presidio Boulevard after it passes through the city's Golden Gate Park and the Presidio of San Francisco, where it goes through the General Douglas MacArthur Tunnel. It then joins US 101 for a fourth time on the approach to the Golden Gate Bridge known as Doyle Drive.

Route 1 winds along the Marin County coast

After crossing the bridge and entering Marin County, SR 1 then splits from US 101 again near Marin City, where it leaves the city and, as the Shoreline Highway, returns to a winding, two lane road as it passes over the Marin Hills to rejoin the coast at Muir Beach. Leaving the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, the highway passes the Point Reyes National Seashore and Tomales Bay, eventually leaving Marin County and entering Sonoma County just south of Bodega Bay, where its name changes to Coast Highway. It winds along the rugged coast, crossing the Gualala River and entering Mendocino County. The highway enters the city of Point Arena, in which it becomes Main Street, before following School Street to the northwest and then becoming Shoreline Highway once again. The next and final major city along Route 1 is Fort Bragg. Continuing northward, the highway follows the coast for about 30 miles (48 km); it then cuts inland through mountainous terrain forested with redwoods, before terminating at US 101 in Leggett.

[edit] History

State construction of what is now Highway 1 started after the state's third highway bond issue passed in 1919. At that time, California highways were not publicly referred to by any route numbers, and the Highway 1 name came about 15 years later. The legislature and Highway Department referred to roads either by a name or as "Legislative Route Numbers." The first two approved sections of what is now Highway 1 were Legislative Route 56 from San Simeon to Carmel (connecting with existing county highways at each end) and Legislative Route 60 from Oxnard via the coast to San Juan Capistrano, intended as links in a continuous coastal roadway from Oregon to Mexico.[6][7] A 1921 law extended Legislative Route 56 south over the county road to Cambria,[8] and Legislative Route 60 was extended from Oxnard to El Rio (midway to Ventura, now the site of the Oxnard Boulevard interchange with US 101) in 1925. The latter law, in theory, made Legislative Route 60 a continuous coastal loop, with both ends at what became US 101 in Oxnard and at Capistrano Beach (since 1964 the southern terminus of Highway 1 at Interstate 5 in Orange County). [9] Legislative Route 56 was extended further south from Cambria to connect to present-day US 101 in San Luis Obispo in 1931.[10]

A large expansion of the state highway system in 1933 resulted in Legislative Route Number 56 being extended in both directions. To the south, a second section was added, beginning at Pismo Beach on US 101 (Legislative Route 2) and heading south through Guadalupe and Lompoc to rejoin US 101 at a junction called Los Cruces (sic), just north of Gaviota Pass. (A short piece near Orcutt and Los Alamos had been part of Legislative Route Number 2, which originally followed present SR 135 from Los Alamos to Santa Maria.) To the north, Legislative Route Number 56 was continued along the coast from Carmel through Santa Cruz to San Francisco. Several discontinuous pieces were added north of San Francisco, one from Legislative Route Number 1 (US 101) north of the Golden Gate to the county line near Valley Ford, another from the Russian River near Jenner (where the new Route 104 ended) to Westport, and a third from Ferndale to Route 1 near Fernbridge. Except for the gaps in Legislative Route Number 56 north of San Francisco, these additions completed the coastal highway, with other sections formed by Legislative Route Numbers 1, 2, and 71.[11][12]

California Route 1 is a famous brand name around the world now, but California 1 was called several other names and numbers prior to 1964. When the road was first envisioned in the World War I era, it was referred to either by a highway name or by a "Legislative Route Number" or LRN. LRNs were used by state highway planners and the Legislature from 1915 until 1964, but were never posted on highways, referred to by the auto clubs or public, nor used on maps. Various portions of State Route 1 have been posted and referred to by various names and numbers over the years. The section of Highway 1 from Santa Monica to Oxnard, via Malibu, went out to contract in 1925 as "Coast Boulevard" but was designated "Theodore Roosevelt Highway" when it was dedicated in 1929.

California Highway 1 signs first went up after California decided to number its highways, in 1934. But only the section from Santa Barbara County north was posted as Highway 1, that section of the road known Legislative Route Number 56 (Las Cruces to Fernbridge, including the gaps). In Ventura, Los Angeles and Orange counties, Legislative Route Number 60 (San Juan Capistrano to the Oxnard area) became California Highway 3, and a few Route 3 signs were actually posted [13]. But the Route 3 signs were replaced by "U.S. Route 101 Alternate" shields and strips by 1936, as the road was built out; this change also allowed the extension of US 66 to end at another U.S. Route, in Santa Monica. [14]

The gaps of non-state highway along the northern coast were finally filled in by the Legislature in 1951, though the Department of Public Works was not required to maintain the newly-added portions immediately. A short connection from near Rockport to Route 1 at Leggett was also included,[15] as the existing county road north from Rockport to Ferndale had not yet been paved.[16] The Leggett connection became State Route 208.[17]

The state Legislature in 1963 tossed out the old conflicting Legislative Route Numbers (1964 renumbering), got rid of some famous old U.S. routes (like U.S. 66), and renumbered many state highways. It abolished US 101A in Los Angeles, Orange and Ventura counties and renumbered it as state Highway 1. The cover of "California Highways" magazine in fall 1964 shows state engineers posting the new shield at Point Mugu.[18]. The same year, the Legislature by state law named Route 1 "Pacific Coast Highway" in Orange, Los Angeles and Ventura counties, and "Cabrillo Highway" from San Luis Obispo north to San Francisco. Many cities, however, did not change the name of city streets that are part of Highway 1, such as Lincoln and Sepulveda boulevards in Los Angeles, Santa Monica and El Segundo, and Oxnard Boulevard.

In 1980, another section was added northwest of Ventura, when several miles of the old two-lane alignment of US 101 were posted as Route 1 where the freeway had bypassed it in about 1960. At its northern terminus, in 1984 SR 1 replaced SR 208, with the old alignment to Fernbridge, never constructed south of Ferndale, becoming SR 211.[19] This part of the Pacific coast, the only long section in California not served by a state highway, has been termed California's "Lost Coast".

[edit] Major intersections

Note: Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured in 1964, based on the alignment as it existed at that time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.
County Location Postmile
Destinations Notes
ORA R0.13-33.72
Dana Point R0.13 Camino Las Ramblas Continuation beyond I-5
R0.13 I-5 (San Diego Freeway) – Los Angeles, San Diego Interchange
South end of freeway
R0.78 Coast Highway south, Doheny Park Road – Capistrano Beach
North end of freeway
4.32 Crown Valley Parkway, Monarch Bay Drive
Laguna Beach 9.42 SR 133 (Laguna Canyon Road)
Newport Beach Newport Coast Drive, Crystal Cove State Park
16.25 MacArthur Boulevard to I-405 (San Diego Freeway) / SR 73 (San Joaquin Hills Toll Road) – Long Beach, Los Angeles, Santa Ana Former SR 73; serves John Wayne Airport
17.43 Jamboree Road
19.80 SR 55 (Newport Boulevard) – Costa Mesa, Balboa Peninsula Interchange
Huntington Beach 22.09 Brookhurst Street
23.74 SR 39 (Beach Boulevard)
25.89 Golden West Street
Sunset Beach 29.89 Warner Avenue
Seal Beach 32.72 Seal Beach Boulevard to I-405Los Alamitos
Los Angeles
LA 0.00-62.69
Long Beach 2nd Street
1.97 SR 22 (7th Street)
2.75 Anaheim Street, Los Altos Plaza
3.56 Lakewood Boulevard, Los Coyotes Diagonal – Downey, Bellflower Lakewood Boulevard was former SR 19 north
6.26 Long Beach Boulevard
7.29 I-710 (Long Beach Freeway) – Long Beach, Pasadena Interchange
8.27 SR 103 (Terminal Island Freeway) / Willow Street – Terminal Island Interchange
Los Angeles 8.43 2300-2400 East Pacific Coast Highway – Port of Los Angeles Interchange
9.25 Alameda Street (SR 47) Interchange
10.53 Avalon Boulevard
11.61 I-110 (Harbor Freeway) – Los Angeles, San Pedro Interchange
12.17 Vermont Avenue
12.52 Normandie Avenue
13.10 SR 213 (Western Avenue)
Torrance 14.63 Crenshaw BoulevardRolling Hills
16.01 SR 107 north / CR N7 (Hawthorne Boulevard)
Redondo Beach 19.52 Torrance Boulevard
Manhattan Beach 21.92 Artesia Boulevard, Gould Avenue Artesia Boulevard was former SR 91 east
22.90 Manhattan Beach Boulevard
23.92 Rosecrans Avenue
El Segundo
24.91 El Segundo Boulevard
Los Angeles 25.92 I-105 east (Century Freeway) / Imperial HighwayNorwalk Interchange
26.90 Century BoulevardLAX Airport Interchange
27.36 LAX Airport (96th Street) Interchange
Sepulveda Boulevard No left turn from SR 1 south
28.50 Westchester Parkway Interchange
29.08 Manchester Avenue Former SR 42 east
31.29 SR 90 east (Marina Freeway)
31.78 Washington Boulevard
32.17 Venice Boulevard (SR 187 east)
Santa Monica R34.58 I-10 east (Santa Monica Freeway) / SR 2 east (Lincoln Boulevard) – Los Angeles
35.18 Ocean Avenue Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance; former SR 187 east
Los Angeles 37.04 Chautauqua Boulevard – Pacific Palisades
39.33 Sunset Boulevard
40.77 SR 27 north (Topanga Canyon Boulevard)
Malibu 48.17 Malibu Canyon Road
54.02 CR N9 north (Kanan Dume Road to Ventura Freeway)
59.90 SR 23 north (Decker Canyon Road) – Thousand Oaks
VEN 0.00-101 43.62
South end of freeway
10.23 107 Las Posas Road – USN Point Mugu
11.59 108 Wood Road – USN Point Mugu
12.79 109 Hueneme Road
Oxnard 13.59 110 Nauman Road No entrance ramps; no access across SR 1
R14.67 Hueneme Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
North end of freeway
15.06 Rice Avenue, Pleasant Valley Road
15.93 113 Channel Islands Boulevard Interchange; no southbound exit
17.63 Saviers Road Former SR 34 west
18.15 SR 34 east (Fifth Street)
20.14 SR 232 north (Vineyard Avenue)
101 22.73
US 101 south (Ventura Freeway) / Oxnard Boulevard Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
South end of freeway on US 101
63A Wagon Wheel Road
Ventura 101 R23.45 63B Johnson Drive – Montalvo Signed as exit 63 northbound
101 R24.65 64 Victoria Avenue – Channel Island Harbor
101 25.97 65 Telephone Road
101 26.39 66A SR 126 east (Santa Paula Freeway) – Santa Clarita Signed as exit 66 southbound; no southbound entrance
101 26.72 66B Main Street (US 101 Bus. north) – Ventura No southbound exit
101 28.45 68 Seaward Avenue
101 29.45 69 Vista del Mar Drive, Sanjon Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
101 30.15 70A California Street, Ventura Avenue
101 30.91 70B SR 33 north (Ojai Freeway) – Ojai
101 31.50 71 Main Street (US 101 Bus. south) – Ventura Southbound exit and northbound entrance
North end of freeway on US 101
Solimar Beach 101 R32.70
US 101 north (Ventura Freeway) Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance; north end of US 101 overlap
Seacliff 27.68
101 R38.98
US 101 south (Ventura Freeway) – Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, San Francisco Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
South end of freeway on US 101
101 R43.57 83 Bates Road
Santa Barbara
SB 101 R0.00-50.61
Carpinteria 101 R0.63 84 SR 150 east – Ojai, Lake Casitas
101 1.61 85 Bailard Avenue
101 2.64 86A Casitas Pass Road Signed as exit 86 northbound
101 3.06 86B Linden Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
101 3.77 87A Santa Monica Road Signed as exit 87 northbound
87B Carpinteria Avenue Southbound exit only
101 R5.28 88 Padaro Lane, Santa Claus Lane
101 R7.14 90 Padaro Lane – Summerland
101 R8.26 91 Evans Avenue – Summerland
101 9.00 92 Sheffield Drive
101 10.02 93 San Ysidro Road
Santa Barbara 101 10.54 94A Olive Mill Road, Coast Village Road No northbound entrance
94B Hermosillo Drive Northbound exit only
101 11.41 94C Hot Springs Road, Cabrillo Boulevard, Coast Village Road Signed as exit 94B southbound
95 Los Patos Way Southbound exit only; unsigned
95 Salinas Street Northbound exit and entrance
101 12.75 96A SR 144 (Milpas Street)
101 13.49 96B Laguna Street, Garden Street
101 R14.19 97 Bath Street, Castillo Street – Santa Barbara Harbor
101 R14.76 98A Carrillo Street – Downtown Santa Barbara Signed as exit 98 southbound
101 R15.26 98B Arrellaga Street Northbound exit and entrance
101 R15.73 99A Mission Street Signed as exit 99 southbound
99B Pueblo Street Northbound exit only
101 16.55 100 SR 225 east (Las Positas Road)
101 17.78 101A La Cumbre Road, Hope Avenue
101 18.38 101B SR 154 west / State Street – Cachuma Lake
102 El Sueno Road Northbound exit and entrance
101 20.06 103 Turnpike Road
Goleta 101 21.15 104A Patterson Avenue Signed as exit 104 southbound
101 21.41 104B SR 217 west – Airport, UCSB Northbound exit and southbound entrance
101 22.53 105 Fairview Avenue
101 23.72 107 Los Carneros Road
101 24.77 108 Glen Annie Road, Storke Road
101 26.91 110 Winchester Canyon Road, Hollister Avenue
Short gap in freeway on US 101
101 30.06 113 Dos Pueblos Canyon Road
Short gap in freeway on US 101
101 32.84 116 El Capitan Ranch Road
101 33.85 117 El Capitan State Beach
101 36.62 120 Refugio Road – Refugio State Beach
North end of freeway on US 101
101 44.82 128 Mariposa Reina Interchange
Gaviota State Beach
101 47.19 Gaviota Gorge Tunnel (northbound only)
South end of freeway on US 101
North end of freeway on US 101
Las Cruces 101 R48.85
US 101 north – San Luis Obispo, San Francisco Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
Lompoc 19.25 SR 246 east – Buellton South end of SR 246 overlap
20.57 SR 246 west (Ocean Avenue) North end of SR 246 overlap
Vandenberg Village R25.07 211 Constellation Road Interchange
SR 135 south – Los Alamos Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance; south end of SR 135 overlap
South end of freeway
R34.78 226 SR 135 north – Orcutt, Santa Maria Northbound exit and southbound entrance; north end of SR 135 overlap
North end of freeway
R35.53 Clark Avenue to SR 135 north
Guadalupe 49.20 SR 166 east (Main Street) – Santa Maria
San Luis Obispo
SLO 0.00-74.32
Division Street – Nipomo
Pismo Beach L16.54
101 17.75
US 101 south Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
South end of freeway on US 101
101 R19.81 193 Spyglass Drive, Shell Beach Road
101 R21.11 195 Avilla Beach Drive
101 R22.29 196 San Luis Bay Drive – See Canyon, Avila Beach
101 R24.30 198 Higuera Street
San Luis Obispo 101 25.91 200A Los Osos Valley Road Signed as exit 200 southbound
200B Prado Road, Elks Lane Northbound exit and entrance
101 27.50 201 SR 227 south (Madonna Road)
101 28.07 202A Marsh Street
101 28.81 202B Broad Street
101 29.08 203A Osos Street, Santa Rosa Street
North end of freeway on US 101
101 29.08
US 101 / Santa Rosa Street Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
South end of freeway
Morro Bay 27.88 277 Los Osos/Baywood Park (South Bay Boulevard)
28.82 278 Morro Bay Boulevard
29.62 279A Main Street
30.14 279B SR 41 north – Atascadero
Short gap in freeway
R34.91 284 Cayucos (13th Street) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R35.96 285 Cayucos Drive
North end of freeway
45.99 SR 46 east (Green Valley Road) – Paso Robles
Cambria 48.26
SR 1 Bus. north (Main Street) / Ardath Drive – Cambria

SR 1 Bus. south (Windsor Boulevard to Moonstone Beach Drive) – Cambria
56.39 Hearst Castle
MON 0.00-R102.03
72.92 CR G16 (Carmel Valley Road)
South end of freeway
Monterey 75.14 399A SR 68 west – Pacific Grove, Pebble Beach South end of SR 68 overlap
R75.75 399B Munras Avenue – Monterey No northbound entrance
R76.00 399C Soledad Drive, Munras Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R77.38 401A Aguajito Road – Monterey
R78.12 401B SR 68 east – Salinas North end of SR 68 overlap
R78.18 401B North Fremont Street Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R78.45 402A Casa Verde Way
R78.88 402B Del Monte Avenue – Pacific Grove
Seaside R79.36 403 SR 218 east (Canyon del Rey Boulevard) – Seaside, Del Rey Oaks
Sand City R80.27 404 Fremont Boulevard, Del Monte Boulevard – Seaside, Sand City
R82.89 406 Lightfighter Drive Former "Main Gate" exit
R84.48 408 12th Street
R85.14 409 Marina (Del Monte Boulevard) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R86.48 410 Reservation Road – Marina
R88.64 412 Del Monte Boulevard – Marina
R90.39 414A Nashua Road, Molera Road Signed as exit 414 southbound
R90.98 414B SR 156 east to US 101Castroville, San Jose Northbound exit and southbound entrance
North end of freeway
T92.21 SR 183 south (Merritt Street) to SR 156 east – Castroville, Salinas
Santa Cruz
SCR R0.00-37.45
South end of freeway
R0.72 425 SR 129 east (Riverside Drive) to SR 152 east – Watsonville
Watsonville R2.27 426 Harkins Slough Road, Green Valley Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R2.68 426 SR 152 east (Main Street) – Watsonville, Gilroy Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R3.18 427 Airport Boulevard – Freedom Serves Watsonville Municipal Airport
R4.07 428 Buena Vista Drive
R6.69 431 Mar Monte Avenue – La Selva
R7.66 432 San Andreas Road, Larkin Valley Road
8.35 433A Freedom Boulevard
9.15 433B Rio del Mar Boulevard – Rio del Mar, Aptos
10.54 435 State Park Drive – Seacliff Beach, Aptos
Capitola 12.09 436 Park Avenue – Capitola, New Brighton Beach
13.19 437 Porter Street, Bay Avenue
13.62 438 41st Avenue
14.86 439 Soquel Drive, Soquel Avenue
Santa Cruz 15.82 440 Morrissey Boulevard
16.63 441A Emeline Avenue Northbound exit only
16.82 441B SR 17 north – San Jose, Oakland Signed as exit 441 southbound
17.24 442 Ocean Street – Beaches
North end of freeway
17.56 SR 9 north (River Street)
19.00 Bay Street – UC Santa Cruz
San Mateo
SM 0.00-R48.56
13.58 Pescadero Road, Pescadero State Beach
San Gregorio 18.19 SR 84 north – San Gregorio, La Honda, Redwood City
Half Moon Bay 29.04 SR 92 east – San Mateo
South end of freeway
Pacifica R43.46 505A Sharp Park Boulevard, Fairway Drive – San Bruno Signed as exit 505 southbound
R43.74 505B Clarendon Road, Oceana Boulevard Northbound exit only
R44.21 506 Paloma Avenue, Francisco Boulevard Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R45.12 507 Manor Drive, Monterey Road, Palmetto Avenue
Daly City R46.72 508 SR 35 (Skyline Boulevard) Signed as exit 508A (south) and 508B (north) southbound
R47.27 509A Serramonte Boulevard, Clarinada Avenue Signed as exit 509 southbound
280 R25.28
509B I-280 south (Junipero Serra Freeway) – San Jose South end of I-280 overlap; no exit number southbound
280 R25.78 510 Eastmoor Avenue, Mission Street Signed as exit 48 southbound
280 M27.17
I-280 north – Downtown San Francisco, Bay Bridge North end of I-280 overlap; southbound exit is exit 511
R48.3 511 John Daly Boulevard – Daly City, Westlake District Signed as exit 49A northbound
San Francisco
SF R0.00-101 11.18
North end of freeway
R0.11 Alemany Boulevard east – Cow Palace Interchange
R0.31 Brotherhood Way Interchange
R0.68 Junipero Serra BoulevardSan Francisco State University, San Francisco Zoo No left turn from SR 1 south to Serra Boulevard north
1.90 SR 35 south (Sloat Boulevard) – San Francisco Civic Center, Beach, San Francisco Zoo No left turn from SR 1 north to Sloat Boulevard west (SR 35)
4.05 Lincoln Way No left turns from SR 1
25th Avenue No left turn from 25th Avenue to SR 1 north
Geary BoulevardUniversity of San Francisco No left turns from SR 1
South end of freeway
101 9.60
US 101 south / Marina Boulevard – Downtown San Francisco South end of US 101 overlap
101 9.71 439 25th Avenue – View Area, Presidio, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Point
Golden Gate Bridge over Golden Gate
MRN 101 L0.00-50.51
Vista Point Northbound exit and entrance
101 0.32 442 Alexander Avenue – Sausalito
101 0.89 Waldo Tunnel through Waldo Grade
101 1.52 443 Spencer Avenue, Monte Mar Drive
101 2.48 444 Rodeo Avenue No access across US 101
101 3.33 445A Sausalito, Marin City
North end of freeway on US 101
101 4.46
US 101 north – Santa Rosa Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
0.65 Almonte Boulevard – Mill Valley
Olema 26.51 Sir Francis Drake Boulevard
Point Reyes Station 29.33 Point Reyes Petaluma Road – Petaluma
SON 0.00-58.58
0.19 Valley Ford Road – Petaluma
2.42 Valley Ford Freestone Road – Occidental, Monte Rio
5.38 Bodega Highway – Bodega, Sebastopol
20.10 SR 116 east (River Road) – Guerneville
Fort Ross R33.04 Fort Ross Road – Cazadero, Fort Ross
MEN 0.00-105.58
40.27 SR 128Cloverdale
Fort Bragg 59.80 SR 20Willits
105.50 SR 271Leggett
105.58 US 101Ukiah, Eureka

[edit] Other names

Route 1 is also known as:[23]

  • Blue Star Memorial Highway: From Junction with I-5 at Dana Point in Orange County to State Hwy Route 101 at Leggett in Mendocino County. Sponsored by the National Council of State Garden Clubs, Inc. as a tribute to the men and women of the Nation's Armed Forces.
  • Cabrillo Highway: Portion in Santa Cruz County, named for Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo.
  • CHP Officer John Pedro Memorial Highway: From Harkins Slough Road to Pajaro River Bridge. Officer John Pedro was killed in the line of duty in a traffic collision.
  • Los Angeles County Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway: Portion in L.A. County.
  • Louis J. Papan Highway: From Interchange at Skyline Boulevard to Southern City Limits of Pacifica. "Assemblyman, chair numerous committees, aided poor."
  • Orange County Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway: From San Juan Capistrano to Golden West Street in Huntington Beach.
  • San Simeon Highway: From San Luis Obispo to Monterey. Named by historical and long local usage in the County of San Luis Obispo.
  • U.S. Submarine Veterans of WWII Memorial Highway: From Golden West St in Huntington Beach to Orange County Boundary.
  • Ventura County Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway: Portion in Ventura County.

[edit] Trivia

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b California Department of Transportation, State Truck Route List (XLS file), accessed December 2007
  2. ^ CA Codes (shc:250-257)
  3. ^ CA Codes (shc:260-284)
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan (2008) Morro Creek, The Megalithic Portal, A. Burnham [1]
  5. ^ Previous Devil's Slide closures
  6. ^ Ben Blow, California Highways: A Descriptive Record of Road Development by the State and by Such Counties as Have Paved Highways, 1920 ( or Google Books), pp. 182, 232-233, 249
  7. ^ Howe & Peters, Engineers' Report to California State Automobile Association Covering the Work of the California Highway Commission for the Period 1911-1920, pp. 11-16
  8. ^ "An act declaring the county road extending from San Simeon to Cambria to be a state highway and providing for the maintenance thereof.", 1921 chapter 837, p. 1606
  9. ^ "An construct and maintain...a state highway, extending from the town of Oxnard to a or near the town of El Rio, Ventura county.", 1925 chapter 309, p. 508
  10. ^ "An act establishing certain additional state highways and classifying them as secondary highways.", 1931 chapter 82, p. 103
  11. ^ "An act...relating to...the addition of certain highways to the State system.", 1933 chapter 767, p. 2034-2039: "Ferndale to State Highway Route 1 near Fernbridge." "Russian River near Jenner to Westport." "State Highway near southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the Marin-Sonoma County line via the Coast Route." "Santa Cruz to San Francisco via Coast." "State Highway Route 56 near Carmel to Santa Cruz." "State Highway Route 2 near Las Cruces via Lompoc and Guadalupe to State Highway Route 2 near Pismo."
  12. ^ "An act to establish a Streets and Highways Code...", 1935 chapter 29, p. 279: "Route 56 is from: (a) Route 2 near Los [sic] Cruces via Lompoc and Guadalupe to Route 2 near Pismo. (b) San Luis Obispo to San Francisco along the coast via Cambria, San Simeon, Carmel, and Santa Cruz. (c) State Highway near southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the Marin-Sonoma County line via the Coast Route. (d) Russian River near Jenner to Westport. (e) Ferndale to Route 1 near Fernbridge." "Route 60 is from Route 2 near El Rio via Oxnard to Route 2 south of San Juan Capistrano."
  13. ^ California Highways and Public Works, State Routes will be Numbered and Marked with Distinctive Bear Signs, August 1934
  14. ^ Automobile Club of Southern California, Automobile route along the Pacific coast from Seal Beach to Santa Monica, 1936
  15. ^ "An act to amend Section 356 of the Streets and Highways Code, relating to state highways.", 1951 chapter 1588, p. 3585
  16. ^ H.M. Gousha Company, Highway Map of California, 1955
  17. ^ "An act...relating to routes on the state highway system.", 1963 chapter 385, p. 1171, 1186
  18. ^ California Highways magazine, Sept. 1964
  19. ^ "An act...relating to state highways.", 1984 chapter 409, p. 1769, 1774
  20. ^ California Department of Transportation, Log of Bridges on State Highways, July 2007
  21. ^ California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006
  22. ^ California Department of Transportation, California Numbered Exit Uniform System, State Route 1 Freeway Interchanges, Retrieved on 2009-02-05.
  23. ^ 2007 Named Freeways, Highways, Structures and Other Appurtenances in California. Caltrans. pp. 115–116. Retrieved on 2007-03-28. 

[edit] External links

Personal tools