2006 FIFA World Cup

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2006 FIFA World Cup
FIFA Fussball Weltmeisterschaft
Deutschland 2006

2006 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Germany
Dates 9 June – 9 July
Teams 32 (from 6 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 12 host cities)
Final positions
Champions   Italy (4th title)
Runner-up   France
Third place   Germany
Fourth place  Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played 64
Goals scored 147 (2.3 per match)
Attendance 3,353,655 (52,401 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Germany Miroslav Klose (5 goals)
Best player Flag of France Zinedine Zidane

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament.

The tournament was won by Italy, who claimed their fourth World Cup title. They defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shootout in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish third.

The 2006 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.29 billion non-unique viewers, compiled over the course of the tournament. The final attracted an estimated audience of 715.1 million people.[1] The 2006 World Cup ranks fourth in non-unique viewers, behind the 1994, the 2002, and the 1990 FIFA World Cups.[2] As the winner, Italy will represent the World in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.


Host selection

The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in Zürich, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after Brazil had withdrawn three days earlier: Germany, South Africa, England and Morocco.[3] Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the least votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July, and the final round was held on 7 July. Morocco was the first to be eliminated when it got only three votes out of a possible 24; England was eliminated in the second round with only two votes.[4] Finally, Germany won the final round of voting 12–11 over South Africa, but the success of Germany's bid was marred by a hoax bribery affair which even led to calls for a re-vote.[5] On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering gifts in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charles Dempsey, who had been instructed to support South Africa, abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote.[6] Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12–12 tie, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter, who favoured the South African bid,[7] would have had to cast the deciding vote.[8]


Qualifying countries

198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup.[9] Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. This was the first World Cup for which the title holders were not granted automatic qualification. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).

Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Côte d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Ghana, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine and Serbia & Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia & Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.


Germany in 2006 had a plethora of football stadia which satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250) was not used even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia; Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also unemployed during the tournament.

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of the stadia were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors were also official FIFA sponsors.[10] For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (or in German: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered.[10] These new names are reflected in the table in the brackets. Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadiums had an UEFA 5-star ranking.


Location: Berlin
Capacity: 74,176
Club: Hertha BSC

Signal Iduna Park

(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund)
Location: Dortmund
Capacity: 67,000
Club: Borussia Dortmund

Allianz Arena

(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich)
Location: Munich
Capacity: 66,016
Clubs: Bayern München, TSV 1860 München]


(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Stuttgart)
Location: Stuttgart
Capacity: 54,267
Club: VfB Stuttgart


(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
Location: Gelsenkirchen
Capacity: 53,804
Club: FC Schalke 04

AOL Arena

(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
Location: Hamburg
Capacity: 51,055
Club: Hamburger SV


(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
Location: Frankfurt
Capacity: 48,132
Club: Eintracht Frankfurt


(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
Location: Cologne
Capacity: 46,134
Club: 1. FC Köln


(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
Location: Hanover
Capacity: 44,652
Club: Hannover 96


Location: Leipzig
Capacity: 44,199
Club: FC Sachsen Leipzig


Location: Kaiserslautern
Capacity: 43,450
Club: 1. FC Kaiserslautern


Location: Nuremberg
Capacity: 41,926
Club: 1. FC Nuremberg

Berlin's Brandenburg Gate during the tournament.


Squads for the 2006 World Cup consisted of 23 players, same as the previous tournament in 2002. Each participating national association had to confirm its 23-player squad by 15 May 2006.[11] Replacement of injured players was permitted until 24 hours before the team's first match.[citation needed]



The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams.[12] In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

It had been predetermined that, as the host, Germany would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.

Pot A Pot B Pot C Pot D Special Pot


 Côte d'Ivoire

 Czech Republic

 Costa Rica
 Korea Republic
 Saudi Arabia
 Trinidad and Tobago
 United States

 Serbia and Montenegro

On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, many football commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death.[13][14] In actuality, however, Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with comfortable wins over Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.

Group system

The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.

Ranking criteria

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

  1. Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches
  2. Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches
  3. If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:
    1. Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie
    2. Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie
    3. Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie
  4. If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA would hold a drawing of lots

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria.[15]

In any event, the final tournament saw only two pairs of teams level on points: Argentina and the Netherlands at 7 points in Group C; Tunisia and Saudi Arabia at 1 point in Group H. Both of these ties were resolved on total goal difference. Also, in both cases the teams had tied their match, so the order of ranking criteria made no difference.

Finals tournament

2006 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Munich

The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.


Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played.[16]

Traditional powers dominate

Despite early success by Australia, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a 2002 tournament in which teams from North America (United States), Africa (Senegal), and Asia (South Korea) made it deep into the knockout stages and Turkey finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders.[17] Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).


Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions to the rule, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by their being the team that scored the most goals (14).

Germany's Miroslav Klose scored 5 goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten different players had scored for the team, tying the record for the most goalscorers from any one team.

For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. Philipp Lahm, the German wingback, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, Marco Materazzi, the Italian centre back, out-jumped Patrick Vieira and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Unprecedented number of cards

In comparison to earlier World Cups, the tournament was notable for the number of yellow and red cards given out, breaking the record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands (see the Battle of Nuremberg). Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimunić in their match against Australia.

The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees.[18]


2006 FIFA World Cup Wall Chart

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2).

Group stage

In the following tables:

  • Pld = total games played
  • W = total games won
  • D = total games drawn (tied)
  • L = total games lost
  • GF = total goals scored (goals for)
  • GA = total goals conceded (goals against)
  • GD = goal difference (GF−GA)
  • Pts = total points accumulated

The teams placed first and second (shaded in green) qualified to the round of 16.

Group A

In the opening match of the tournament, Germany and Costa Rica played an entertaining game which ended 4–2 for the host in the highest scoring opening match in the tournament's history. Germany went on to win the Group A after edging Poland and breezing past Ecuador 3–0. Despite the defeat, Ecuador had already joined the host in the Round of 16 having beaten Poland and Costa Rica 2–0 and 3–0, respectively.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 3 0 0 8 2 +6 9
 Ecuador 3 2 0 1 5 3 +2 6
 Poland 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
 Costa Rica 3 0 0 3 3 9 −6 0
9 June 2006
Germany  4 – 2  Costa Rica
Poland  0 – 2  Ecuador
14 June 2006
Germany  1 – 0  Poland
15 June 2006
Ecuador  3 – 0  Costa Rica
20 June 2006
Ecuador  0 – 3  Germany
Costa Rica  1 – 2  Poland

Group B

In Group B, England and Sweden managed to push Paraguay into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a tie with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from Liverpool's Peter Crouch and Steven Gerrard sealed a 2–0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2–2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against their opponents.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 England 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
 Paraguay 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
 Trinidad and Tobago 3 0 1 2 0 4 −4 1
10 June 2006
England  1 – 0  Paraguay
Trinidad and Tobago  0 – 0  Sweden
15 June 2006
England  2 – 0  Trinidad and Tobago
Sweden  1 – 0  Paraguay
20 June 2006
Sweden  2 – 2  England
Paraguay  2 – 0  Trinidad and Tobago

Group C

Both Argentina and Netherlands qualified from Group C with a game remaining, with the two-time world champion topping the group on goal difference having hammered Serbia and Montenegro 6–0 and beating Ivory Coast 2–1. The Dutch picked up 1–0 and 2–1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Les Éléphants defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3–2 in their final game, in Serbia & Montenegro's last ever international before the break-up of the country.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Argentina 3 2 1 0 8 1 +7 7
 Netherlands 3 2 1 0 3 1 +2 7
 Côte d'Ivoire 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
 Serbia and Montenegro 3 0 0 3 2 10 −8 0
10 June 2006
Argentina  2 – 1  Côte d'Ivoire
11 June 2006
Serbia and Montenegro  0 – 1  Netherlands
16 June 2006
Argentina  6 – 0  Serbia and Montenegro
Netherlands  2 – 1  Côte d'Ivoire
21 June 2006
Netherlands  0 – 0  Argentina
Côte d'Ivoire  3 – 2  Serbia and Montenegro

Group D

Portugal coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with Mexico qualifying in second. Iran rued missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1–3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2–0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1–1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0–0) and Iran.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Portugal 3 3 0 0 5 1 +4 9
 Mexico 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
 Angola 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
 Iran 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
11 June 2006
Mexico  3 – 1  Iran
Angola  0 – 1  Portugal
16 June 2006
Mexico  0 – 0  Angola
17 June 2006
Portugal  2 – 0  Iran
21 June 2006
Portugal  2 – 1  Mexico
Iran  1 – 1  Angola

Group E

In Group E, Italy went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) in the group phase against the United States. The Americans bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0–3 and 1–2, respectively, despite a hugely encouraging 1–1 draw (with 9 vs 10 men) against the Azzurri. Tournament debutant Ghana caused one of the surprises of the tournament, as they joined Italy in the Round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. Daniele De Rossi was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the Americans.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Italy 3 2 1 0 5 1 +4 7
 Ghana 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
 Czech Republic 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
 United States 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
12 June 2006
United States  0 – 3  Czech Republic
Italy  2 – 0  Ghana
17 June 2006
Czech Republic  0 – 2  Ghana
Italy  1 – 1  United States
22 June 2006
Czech Republic  0 – 2  Italy
Ghana  2 – 1  United States

Group F

Group F included the World Champions Brazil, Croatia, Japan, and Australia. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, the Socceroos came from behind to defeat Japan 3–1, and, despite losing 0–2 to Brazil, a 2–2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a remarkable game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one for a third booking by English referee Graham Poll. Australia became the first ever Oceanian team to reach the knockout stages. The Brazilians won all three contests to quality first in the group, although their 1-0 win against Croatia was underwhelming, a goal late in the first-half by Kaká securing the win . Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Brazil 3 3 0 0 7 1 +6 9
 Australia 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
 Croatia 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
 Japan 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
12 June 2006
Australia  3 – 1  Japan
13 June 2006
Brazil  1 – 0  Croatia
18 June 2006
Croatia  0 – 0  Japan
Brazil  2 – 0  Australia
22 June 2006
Japan  1 – 4  Brazil
Croatia  2 – 2  Australia

Group G

France started slowly in Group G, only managing a scoreless draw against Switzerland and a 1–1 draw against South Korea. However, with captain Zinedine Zidane suspended, their 2–0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. Les Bleus were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2–0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. Four points were not enough to see the Koreans through to the Round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while debutants Togo, after several rows about money and the general dislike amongst the camp of their star player, Emmanuel Adebayor of Arsenal, exited without a point.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Switzerland 3 2 1 0 4 0 +4 7
 France 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
 Korea Republic 3 1 1 1 3 4 −1 4
 Togo 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0
13 June 2006
Korea Republic  2 – 1  Togo
France  0 – 0  Switzerland
18 June 2006
France  1 – 1  Korea Republic
19 June 2006
Togo  0 – 2  Switzerland
23 June 2006
Togo  0 – 2  France
Switzerland  2 – 0  Korea Republic

Group H

Spain dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4–0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat Saudi Arabia 4–0 and scrape past Tunisia 1–0 thanks to a 70th minute penalty by Andriy Shevchenko, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2–2 draw against each other.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Spain 3 3 0 0 8 1 +7 9
 Ukraine 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
 Tunisia 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
 Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
14 June 2006
Spain  4 – 0  Ukraine
Tunisia  2 – 2  Saudi Arabia
19 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  0 – 4  Ukraine
Spain  3 – 1  Tunisia
23 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  0 – 1  Spain
Ukraine  1 – 0  Tunisia

Knockout stage

The knockout stage was a single-elimination tournament involving the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: Round of 16, Quarter-finals, Semi-finals, Final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two fifteen minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shootout (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (a.e.t.), and penalty shoot outs are indicated by (pen.).

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
24 June - Munich            
   Germany  2
30 June - Berlin
   Sweden  0  
   Germany (pen.)  1 (4)
24 June - Leipzig
     Argentina  1 (2)  
   Argentina (a.e.t.)  2
4 July - Dortmund
   Mexico  1  
   Germany  0
26 June - Kaiserslautern
     Italy (a.e.t.)  2  
   Italy  1
30 June - Hamburg
   Australia  0  
   Italy  3
26 June - Cologne
     Ukraine  0  
   Switzerland  0 (0)
9 July - Berlin
   Ukraine (pen.)  0 (3)  
   Italy (pen.)  1 (5)
25 June - Stuttgart
     France  1 (3)
   England  1
1 July - Gelsenkirchen
   Ecuador  0  
   England  0 (1)
25 June - Nuremberg
     Portugal (pen.)  0 (3)  
   Portugal  1
5 July - Munich
   Netherlands  0  
   Portugal  0
27 June - Dortmund
     France  1   Third place
   Brazil  3
1 July - Frankfurt 8 July - Stuttgart
   Ghana  0  
   Brazil  0    Germany  3
27 June - Hanover
     France  1      Portugal  1
   Spain  1
   France  3  

Round of 16

In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first 12 minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a Maxi Rodríguez goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarterfinals. In a highly controversial match, Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to centre back Marco Materazzi. In a dull 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shootout against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and, moreover, the only nation to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).

England struggled past Ecuador thanks to a David Beckham free kick, and won 1–0. Brazil won 3–0 against Ghana, in a game which included Ronaldo's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match was influenced by an Asian betting syndicate.[19] Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in one of the ugliest games in World Cup history. The only goal came courtesy of a Maniche strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offense. France came from behind to defeat the highly favored Spain 3–1 thanks to goals from Franck Ribéry, Patrick Vieira, and Zinedine Zidane.

24 June 2006
Germany  2 – 0  Sweden FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Carlos Eugênio Simon (Brazil)
Podolski Scored in the 4th minute 4' Scored in the 12th minute 12' (Report)

24 June 2006
Argentina  2 – 1 (a.e.t.)  Mexico Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)
Crespo Scored in the 10th minute 10'
Rodríguez Scored in the 98th minute 98'
(Report) Márquez Scored in the 6th minute 6'

25 June 2006
England  1 – 0  Ecuador Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)
Beckham Scored in the 60th minute 60' (Report)

25 June 2006
Portugal  1 – 0  Netherlands Frankenstadion, Nuremberg
Attendance: 41,000
Referee: Valentin Ivanov (Russia)
Maniche Scored in the 23rd minute 23' (Report)

26 June 2006
Italy  1 – 0  Australia Fritz Walter Stadion, Kaiserslautern
Attendance: 46,000
Referee: Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)
Totti Scored in the 90+5th minute 90+5' (pen.) (Report)

26 June 2006
Switzerland  0 – 0 (a.e.t.)  Ukraine FIFA WM Stadion Köln, Cologne
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Benito Archundia (Mexico)
Streller Missed (saved)
Barnetta Missed (hit crossbar)
Cabanas Missed (saved)
0 – 3 Missed (saved) Shevchenko
Scored Milevskiy
Scored Rebrov
Scored Gusev

27 June 2006
Brazil  3 – 0  Ghana FIFA WM Stadion Dortmund, Dortmund
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)
Ronaldo Scored in the 5th minute 5'
Adriano Scored in the 45+1th minute 45+1'
Zé Roberto Scored in the 84th minute 84'

27 June 2006
Spain  1 – 3  France FIFA WM Stadion Hannover, Hanover
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Roberto Rosetti (Italy)
Villa Scored in the 28th minute 28' (pen.) (Report) Ribéry Scored in the 41st minute 41'
Vieira Scored in the 83rd minute 83'
Zidane Scored in the 90+2th minute 90+2'


Germany and Argentina played an entertaining, yet somewhat cautious match, which ended 1–1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4–2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals. Another ugly and controversial match came in Gelsenkirchen, when England faced Portugal. In a match which saw Wayne Rooney being sent off, Portugal won the penalty shootout 3–1 after a 0–0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of Eusébio 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over Sven-Goran Eriksson's England.

Italy comfortably defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3–0. France eliminated Brazil 1–0 to advance into the semi-finals in a repeat of the 1998 final. Despite the score, Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while Zinedine Zidane's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to Thierry Henry resulted in the winning goal.

30 June 2006
Germany  1 – 1 (a.e.t.)  Argentina Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 72,000
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)
Klose Scored in the 80th minute 80' (Report) Ayala Scored in the 49th minute 49'
Neuville Scored
Ballack Scored
Podolski Scored
Borowski Scored
4 – 2 Scored Cruz
Missed (saved) Ayala
Scored Rodríguez
Missed (saved) Cambiasso

30 June 2006
Italy  3 – 0  Ukraine FIFA WM Stadion Hamburg, Hamburg
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)
Zambrotta Scored in the 6th minute 6'
Toni Scored in the 59th minute 59' Scored in the 69th minute 69'

1 July 2006
England  0 – 0 (a.e.t.)  Portugal FIFA WM Stadion Gelsenkirchen, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)
Lampard Missed (saved)
Hargreaves Scored
Gerrard Missed (saved)
Carragher Missed (saved)
1 – 3 Scored Simão
Missed (hit post) Viana
Missed (saved) Petit
Scored Postiga
Scored Ronaldo

1 July 2006
Brazil  0 – 1  France FIFA WM Stadion Frankfurt, Frankfurt
Attendance: 48,000
Referee: Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)
(Report) Henry Scored in the 57th minute 57'


With Argentina and Brazil eliminated in the quarter-finals, an all-European semi-final line up was completed for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

The semifinal between Germany and Italy produced an entertaining extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund, and continued their dominace over Die Nationalelf.

In the second semifinal, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in Munich. The Portuguese faced a hostile crowd of English and French fans; as Cristiano Ronaldo was accused of unsportsmanlike behavior. In a repeat of the semi-finals of Euro 2000, Portugal was narrowly defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.

4 July 2006
Germany  0 – 2 (a.e.t.)  Italy FIFA WM Stadion Dortmund, Dortmund
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Benito Archundia (Mexico)
(Report) Grosso Scored in the 119th minute 119'
Del Piero Scored in the 120+1th minute 120+1'

5 July 2006
Portugal  0 – 1  France FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay)
(Report) Zidane Scored in the 33rd minute 33' (pen.)

Third place play-off

The match began rather slowly, with each side cautiously trying to find each other's weak spots. The excitement began in the second half when the hosts got three goals in 20 minutes with the help of 21-year-old left midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 meters from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with Petit's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, on the 78th minute.

Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. Pauleta had two clear chances from 15 meters, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper Oliver Kahn, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal, however, were to get a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo, who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. Portugal did not manage to score more in the remaining few minutes, and the game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.

8 July 2006
Germany  3 – 1  Portugal Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Toru Kamikawa (Japan)
Schweinsteiger Scored in the 56th minute 56' Scored in the 78th minute 78'
Petit Scored in the 60th minute 60' (o.g.)
(Report) Nuno Gomes Scored in the 88th minute 88'


The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick,[20] which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and into the goal. Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an Andrea Pirlo corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: Luca Toni hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when Florent Malouda went down in the box after a tackle from Gianluca Zambrotta. They were unable to capitalise, however, and the score remained at one goal each.

At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's David Trezeguet, the man who scored the Golden Goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the FIFA World Rankings in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.

9 July 2006
Italy  1 – 1 (a.e.t.)  France Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 69,000
Referee: Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)
Materazzi Scored in the 19th minute 19' (Report) Zidane Scored in the 7th minute 7' (pen.)
Pirlo Scored
Materazzi Scored
De Rossi Scored
Del Piero Scored
Grosso Scored
5 – 3 Scored Wiltord
Missed (hit crossbar) Trezeguet
Scored Abidal
Scored Sagnol
 2006 World Cup Winners 
Flag of Italy
Fourth title


Golden Shoe Winner Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Flag of Germany Miroslav Klose Flag of France Zinedine Zidane Flag of Italy Gianluigi Buffon Flag of Germany Lukas Podolski  Brazil &  Spain  Portugal

FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a Man of the Match award to one player in each match. Italy's Andrea Pirlo won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. Miroslav Klose, Agustin Delgado, Arjen Robben, Zé Roberto, Alexander Frei, Michael Ballack, and Patrick Vieira each received two awards.

All star team

The all star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards.[21]

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Flag of Italy Gianluigi Buffon
Flag of Germany Jens Lehmann
Flag of Portugal Ricardo

Flag of Argentina Roberto Ayala
Flag of England John Terry
Flag of France Lilian Thuram
Flag of Germany Philipp Lahm
Flag of Italy Fabio Cannavaro
Flag of Italy Gianluca Zambrotta
Flag of Portugal Ricardo Carvalho

Flag of Brazil Zé Roberto
Flag of France Patrick Vieira
Flag of France Zinedine Zidane
Flag of Germany Michael Ballack
Flag of Italy Andrea Pirlo
Flag of Italy Gennaro Gattuso
Flag of Italy Francesco Totti
Flag of Portugal Luís Figo
Flag of Portugal Maniche

Flag of Argentina Hernán Crespo
Flag of France Thierry Henry
Flag of Germany Miroslav Klose
Flag of Italy Luca Toni


Miroslav Klose received the adidas Golden Shoe award for scoring five goals in the World Cup. This was the lowest number of goals scored by a tournament's top goalscorer since six players tied on four goals each in 1962. In total, 147 goals were scored (four of which were own goals).

5 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

See also

2006 FIFA World Cup Belgian Coin
  • 2006 FIFA World Cup:

References and footnotes

  1. ^ "World Cup and Television" (PDF). FIFA. 2006. http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/fifafacts/ffprojects/ip-401_06e_tv_2658.pdf. Retrieved on 6 June 2007. 
  2. ^ "The FIFA World Cup TV viewing figures" (PDF). FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/fifafacts/ffprojects/ip-401%5f05a%5ftvstats%5f9299.pdf. Retrieved on 31 October 2007. 
  3. ^ "FIFA acknowledges Brazil’s withdrawal from 2006 World Cup race". FIFA.com. 4 July 2000. http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/news/newsid=73290.html. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  4. ^ "FIFA World Cup 2006 : Results of First Two Rounds of Voting". FIFA.com. 6 July 2000. http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/news/newsid=73319.html. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  5. ^ "Call for World Cup re-vote". BBC Sport. 7 July 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/in_depth/2000/2006_world_cup_decision/822645.stm. Retrieved on 25 June 2007. 
  6. ^ "Legal threat over World Cup prank". BBC News. 8 July 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/sport/2000/2006_world_cup_decision/824885.stm. Retrieved on 25 June 2007. 
  7. ^ "S. Africa Confident of Blatter's Support to Host 2006 World Cup". People's Daily Online. 19 January 2000. http://english.people.com.cn/english/200001/19/eng20000119S121.html. Retrieved on 25 June 2007. 
  8. ^ "Voting procedure for 2006 FIFA World Cup decision". FIFA.com. 5 July 2000. http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/news/newsid=73308.html. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  9. ^ "Record number of 204 teams enter preliminary competition". FIFA. 3 March 2007. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/organisation/media/newsid=122766.html. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Stadiums renamed for Fifa sponsors". BBC. 6 June 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4773843.stm. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  11. ^ "Deadline for submitting list of 23 players remains 15 May 2006". FIFA.com. 16 March 2006. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/germany2006/media/newsid=13258.html. Retrieved on 28 March 2008. 
  12. ^ "FIFA Organising Committee approves team classifications and final draw procedure". FIFA.com. 6 December 2005. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/media/newsid=101782.html. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. 
  13. ^ Wilson, Paul (11 December 2005). "An easy group? Draw your own conclusions". The Observer. http://football.guardian.co.uk/Columnists/Column/0,4284,1664561,00.html. Retrieved on 26 June 2006. 
  14. ^ Palmer, Kevin (24 May 2006). "Group C Tactics Board". ESPNsoccernet. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/columns/story?id=368725&root=worldcup&cc=5901. Retrieved on 26 June 2006. 
  15. ^ O'Dea, Joseph (18 May 2006). "FIFA changes World Cup tie-breaking rules". http://www.geocities.com/worldcupspreadsheets/rulechange.html. Retrieved on 29 June 2006. 
  16. ^ "South African to learn lessons from Germany". The 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany. 9 July 2006. http://fifaworldcup.yahoo.com/06/en/060709/1/8p6r.html. Retrieved on 27 July 2006. 
  17. ^ Zeigler, Mark (30 June 2006). "World Cup quarterfinals". Union Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/sports/soccer/20060630-9999-lz1s30worldcu.html. Retrieved on 31 March 2008. 
  18. ^ "Who's to blame for Cup card frenzy?". BBC Sport. 26 June 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/5117520.stm. Retrieved on 23 July 2006. 
  19. ^ 2006 WC match fixed - report Der Spiegel
  20. ^ "Italy wins World Cup". CBC Sports. 9 July 2006. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/worldcup2006/storyview.html?/story/sports/national/2006/07/09/france-italy-worldcup.html. Retrieved on 5 October 2006. 
  21. ^ Associated Press (7 July 2006). "France, Italy dominate World Cup all-star squad". CBC. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/worldcup2006/storyview.html?/story/worldcup2006/national/2006/07/07/worldcup-all-star.html. Retrieved on 11 August 2006. 

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