List of academic disciplines

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An academic discipline, or field of study, is a branch of knowledge which is taught and researched at the college or university level. Disciplines are defined and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned societies and academic departments or faculties to which their practitioners belong.

Fields of study usually have several sub-disciplines or branches, and the distinguishing lines between these are often both arbitrary and ambiguous.

[edit] Overview

In Medieval Europe, there were only four faculties in a university: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Liberal Arts (Arts).[1] Current-day university disciplines have their roots in the mid- to late-19th century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics and public administration, and by natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

In the early 20th century, new disciplines such as education, sociology, and psychology were added. In the 1970s and 1980s, there was an explosion of new disciplines focusing on specific themes, such as media studies, women's studies, and Black studies. Many disciplines designed as preparation for careers and professions, such as nursing, hospitality management, and corrections also emerged in the universities. Finally, the visibility of such interdisciplinary scientific fields as biochemistry and geophysics increased, as their contribution to knowledge became widely recognized.

An asterisk ("*") denotes a field whose academic status is debated.

Note that the area into which some fields should be classified is debated, such as whether anthropology and linguistics are social sciences disciplines or humanities disciplines. Note that some people, particularly critical theorists are critical of the division of disciplines; and virtually every division of disciplines, as well as the structure of the concept of disciplines in general, is disputed by some.

A provocative question to ask might be "how many disciplines of study are there?" And an answer to this question could reasonably be that there is no end to the amount of academic disciplines one could have.

In academia today, it is a growing practice to incorporate fields of study that are created by extending the ideas, theories, and methods of more traditional disciplines. Also, new times and revolutionary thinkers can enhance or renew existing disciplines, or even create new disciplines altogether. For example, it can be argued that Freud created a new sub-field of psychology with his new perspective of psychoanalysis.

[edit] Humanities

[edit] History

See also Branches of history

[edit] Languages and linguistics

See also List of languages, Branches of linguistics, Anthropological linguistics

[edit] Literature

[edit] Performing arts

[edit] Philosophy

See also Branches of philosophy

[edit] Religion

See also List of religions

[edit] Visual arts

[edit] Social sciences

[edit] Anthropology

See also Branches of anthropology

[edit] Archaeology

See also Branches of archaeology

[edit] Area studies

See also Branches of area studies

[edit] Cultural studies and ethnic studies

[edit] Economics

[edit] Gender and Sexuality studies

[edit] Geography

See also Branches of geography

[edit] Political science

See also Branches of political science

[edit] Psychology

See also Branches of psychology, Types of psychotherapy

[edit] Sociology

See also Branches of sociology

[edit] Natural sciences

[edit] Biological sciences

See also Branches of life sciences

[edit] Chemistry

See also Branches of chemistry

[edit] Earth sciences

See also Branches of earth sciences

[edit] Physics

See also Branches of physics

[edit] Space sciences

See also Branches of astronomy

[edit] Formal sciences

[edit] Computer sciences

See also Branches of computer science and ACM Computing Classification System

[edit] Mathematics

See also Branches of mathematics and AMS Mathematics Subject Classification

[edit] Systems science

[edit] Professions and Applied sciences

[edit] Agriculture

[edit] Architecture and design

[edit] Business

[edit] Divinity

[edit] Education

[edit] Engineering

See also Branches of engineering

[edit] Environmental studies and Forestry

[edit] Family and consumer science

[edit] Health sciences

See also Branches of medicine

[edit] Human physical performance and recreation*

[edit] Journalism, media and communication

[edit] Law

[edit] Library and museum studies

[edit] Military sciences

[edit] Public affairs

[edit] Social work

[edit] Transportation

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ History of Education, Encyclopædia Britannica (1977, 15th edition), Macropaedia Volume 6, p. 337

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

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