Timeline of mathematics

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A timeline of pure and applied mathematics


[edit] Before 1000 BC

[edit] 1st millennium BC

[edit] 1st millennium

[edit] 1000–1500

[edit] 16th century

  • 1501Nilakantha Somayaji writes the “Tantra Samgraha”, which lays the foundation for a complete system of fluxions (derivatives), and expands on concepts from his previous text, the “Aryabhatiya Bhasya”.
  • 1520Scipione dal Ferro develops a method for solving “depressed” cubic equations (cubic equations without an x2 term), but does not publish.
  • 1535Niccolo Tartaglia independently develops a method for solving depressed cubic equations but also does not publish.
  • 1539Gerolamo Cardano learns Tartaglia's method for solving depressed cubics and discovers a method for depressing cubics, thereby creating a method for solving all cubics.
  • 1540Lodovico Ferrari solves the quartic equation.
  • 1544Michael Stifel publishes “Arithmetica integra”.
  • 1550Jyeshtadeva, a Kerala school mathematician, writes the “Yuktibhasa”, the world's first calculus text, which gives detailed derivations of many calculus theorems and formulae.
  • 1596 — Ludolf van Ceulen computes π to twenty decimal places using inscribed and circumscribed polygons.

[edit] 17th century

[edit] 18th century

[edit] 19th century

[edit] 20th century

[edit] 21st century

[edit] Notes

  1. This article is based on a timeline developed by Niel Brandt (1994) who has given permission for its use in Wikipedia. (See Talk:Timeline of mathematics.)
  2. In 1966 IBM printed a famous timeline poster called Men of Modern Mathematics for the years 1000 AD to 1950 AD. It was based on personal stories about (mainly Western) mathematicians and their mathematical achievements. The poster was designed by the famous Charles Eames, with the content concerning mathematicians contributed by Professor Raymond Redheffer of UCLA.

[edit] References

  1. ^ Victor J. Katz (1998). History of Mathematics: An Introduction, p. 255–259. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0321016181.
  2. ^ F. Woepcke (1853). Extrait du Fakhri, traité d'Algèbre par Abou Bekr Mohammed Ben Alhacan Alkarkhi. Paris.
  3. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Abu l'Hasan Ali ibn Ahmad Al-Nasawi", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive 
  4. ^ a b c Arabic mathematics, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews, Scotland
  5. ^ Various AP Lists and Statistics
  6. ^ Various AP Lists and Statistics
  7. ^ Elizabeth A. Thompson, MIT News Office, Math research team maps E8 http://www.huliq.com/15695/mathematicians-map-e8

[edit] External links

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